Cases reported "Neoplasms, Basal Cell"

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1/66. Trichofolliculoma of the upper lip: report of a case.

    A trichofolliculoma occurring in the mid-philtrum of the upper lip of a 17-year-old boy is reported. It presented as an asymptomatic, 10 mm deep sinus and histology showed keratin-filled cysts or sinuses lined by stratified squamous epithelium. ( info)

2/66. Multiple familial trichoepitheliomas.

    We present the case of a 28-year-old woman with multiple familial trichoepitheliomas, characterized by the presence of many small tumors occurring predominantly on the face. This condition constitutes a genodermatosis that follows an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. These lesions can lead to marked facial disfigurement, and treatment is generally disappointing. ( info)

3/66. eccrine porocarcinoma, tricholemmal carcinoma and multiple squamous cell carcinomas in a single patient.

    A 75-year old woman without remarkable medical history presented with a large eccrine porocarcinoma of the trabelucar type located on her leg. This tumor was associated with two invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the legs, two Bowen's diseases of her thigh and arm and multiple actinic keratoses of the face. Despite major surgery, local recurrence of the porocarcinoma was observed 6 months later. During the 3-year follow-up after a second surgical intervention, this lesion did not reccur, but the patient developed a rapidly enlarging ulcerated tumor of the forehead which proved to be tricholemmal carcinoma. Although no carcinogenetic factor or familial history of multiple neoplasms could be evidenced, the occurrence of multiple tumors of various histogenesis over a 1 year period of time is unlikely to be fortuitous. Such an association of rare adnexal neoplasms has not yet been described. ( info)

4/66. Congenital non-familial unilateral basaloid follicular hamartoma.

    Basaloid follicular hamartoma is not a well-recognized clinical entity and has often been diagnosed as trichoepithelioma or basal cell carcinoma. It is a unique benign follicular tumour which comprises a variety of clinical manifestations. We present the case of a 24-year-old male with unilateral basaloid follicular hamartoma present at birth and later misdiagnosed as basal cell carcinoma. Histological features of basaloid follicular hamartoma are not always diagnostic and clinico-pathological correlation is particularly important to distinguish this benign hamartoma from other basaloid tumours including basal cell carcinoma. Continuous follow-up of our patient did not reveal any clinical or histological malignant transformation. ( info)

5/66. Giant solitary trichoepithelioma.

    The giant solitary trichoepithelioma is a rare trichogenic tumor with potential for local recurrence. Only nine cases have been previously described in the literature, and one additional case without recurrence during the first 3.5 years of observation is presented stressing that the rate of recurrence is low. ( info)

6/66. Basal cell carcinoma in aplasia cutis congenita.

    A case of multilocal basal cell carcinoma in a 45-year-old man is reported. ( info)

7/66. Rippled-pattern sebaceous trichoblastoma.

    BACKGROUND: There is a large spectrum trichoblastoma; of which, several histologic variants have been described including a rippled-pattern variant. Three cases of rippled-pattern trichoblastoma are described which also exhibited definitive foci of sebaceous differentiation. methods: Three cases were retrieved from the archives of the Dermatopathology Laboratory at the University of california Irvine (Orange, CA, USA). All specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). In addition, sections were submitted for immunohistochemical studies with epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). RESULTS: All three biopsies were composed of well-circumscribed multiple variously sized tumor lobules present in the upper to deep dermis comprised of with rounded or slightly elongated basaloid cells with scant eosinophilic cytoplasm. The lobules were separated by a slightly hyalinized stroma. The unique finding present in all three specimens was a peculiar arrangement of the basaloid cells in linear rows parallel to one another. This gave the tumors a rippled pattern similar to the palisading of nuclei of Verocay bodies seen in schwannomas. In addition all three biopsies showed definite sebaceous differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: Three additional cases of rippled-pattern trichoblastoma are presented. All three were located on the scalp and showed additional features of foci of sebaceous differentiation. No associations with muir-torre syndrome were found in these patients. Because this appears to be a distinct variant within the large spectrum of trichoblastoma, the term rippled-pattern sebaceous trichoblastoma is suggested. ( info)

8/66. A rippled-pattern trichoblastoma: an immunohistochemical study.

    BACKGROUND: Since the first description by Hashimoto et al., there have been only a few case reports of rippled-pattern tricogenic tumor. In addition, there are no reports on detailed immunohistochemical analyses of this rare neoplasm. We describe here an additional case of rippled-pattern trichogenic tumor with a special reference to its immunohistochemical features. methods: A nodule arising on the occipital area of a 62-year-old Japanese woman was histologically and immunohistochemically investigated. RESULTS: Histopathologically, the lesion contained various-sized lobular nests, which consisted of oval to elliptical shaped basaloid cells without any atypia and were embedded in the collagenous stroma. Some elongated basaloid cells were arranged in a palisading fashion forming parallel rows of epithelial ribbons in a rippled-pattern. Cytokeratin (CK) immunohistochemistry showed constant expressions of CK1/5/ 10/14, CK5/8, CK14 and CK7, and focal expressions of CK17 and CK19 in the basaloid cells, suggesting a keratin phenotypical similarity to the cells in small nodular type trichoblastoma. CONCLUSIONS: The present tumor is a variant of trichoblastoma, and considered to be in close association with the outer root sheath and/ or follicular germinative cells. ( info)

9/66. Proliferating trichilemmal tumors: CT and MR imaging findings in two cases, one with malignant transformation.

    We report the imaging findings in two patients with proliferating trichilemmal tumors. In the first patient, the tumor arose on the lower lip, a very unusual location for this type of tumor, and showed malignant transformation with metastasis to a regional lymph node. It was seen as a poorly marginated soft-tissue mass with isointense signal on T1-weighted MR images and hyperintense signal on T2-weighted images. Large areas of high signal intensity caused by necrosis were also found within the tumor on T2-weighted images. After i.v. administration of contrast material, the mass showed significant enhancement, with considerable portions remaining unenhanced. In the second patient, the tumor originated from a preexisting trichilemmal cyst and occurred in the hair-bearing area of the posterior part of the neck. CT scans showed a well-encapsulated cystic mass that contained multiple speckled calcifications in a wall of variable thickness. There were several foci of smooth soft-tissue elevations from the inner wall of the mass, which corresponded histologically to proliferating portions of trichilemmal cyst. ( info)

10/66. Treatment of multiple scalp basal cell carcinomas by photodynamic therapy.

    The use of surface protoporphyrin IX fluorescence detection to delineate multiple superficial basal cell carcinomas on a patient's scalp is described. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) was subsequently performed with clearance of six and partial clearance of the remaining two tumours. The treated lesions have not recurred during 12 months of follow-up. The opportunity to combine diagnostic fluorescence detection with subsequent treatment by PDT offers an effective and practical management option. PDT is a tissue-sparing modality with low morbidity and good cosmesis, leading us to propose 5-aminolaevulinic acid-PDT for multiple superficial basal cell carcinomas of the scalp. ( info)
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