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1/4. Mixed tumor of paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma and an adenomatoid tumor in an elderly patient.

    We report a case of a mixed tumor of paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma and an adenomatoid tumor in an elderly patient. rhabdomyosarcoma is one of the most common childhood tumors; however, it rarely occurs in the elderly. In addition, to our knowledge, paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma and adenomatoid tumor rarely form mixed tumors. Finally, we consider the pathogenesis of diploblastic tumors.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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2/4. A case of salivary gland-type mixed tumor of the lung differentiating toward type II alveolar epithelial cells in glandular components with a literature review.

    Salivary gland-type mixed tumor primarily arising in the lung is extremely rare. We report here a case of this type of tumor that occurred in the periphery of S4 of the right middle lobe in a 74-year-old man. light-microscopically, this lung tumor, 15x9mm in size, exhibited almost the same features as those of mixed tumor of the salivary gland intermingled with chondromyxoid stroma, glandular component, solid growth pattern of myoepithelial components and well-developed cartilage formation, exhibiting a sharp margin. Immunohistochemical study revealed that the glandular components in the tumor was positive for thyroid transcription factor-1, TTF-1, a marker of epithelial cells of the thyroid as well as the lung. Furthermore, surface lining cells of the glandular components and luminal contents were positive for surfactant apoprotein A, PE-10, used as a marker of type II alveolar epithelial cells. These findings clearly demonstrate for the first time that glandular epithelial cells in the present salivary gland-type mixed tumor exhibited differentiation toward type II alveolar epithelial cells.
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ranking = 0.024516017987518
keywords = alveolar
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3/4. Ectomesenchymoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Ectomesenchymoma (EMCH) is a rare tumor that may arise in the brain or soft tissue. This tumor type is defined as a form including ectodermal components represented by neuroblasts or ganglion cells and differentiated mesenchymal structures of various types. The mesenchymal component is most often a rhabdomyosarcoma, but liposarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, leiomyosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant schwannoma, and osseous elements have also been recorded. We report a case of an abdominal malignant ectomesenchymoma, containing three components, schwannoma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and ganglion cells, in a four-month-old infant. We also review 43 previously reported cases.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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4/4. Sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma with hepatoblastoma-like features in an adult.

    A mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumor of the liver arising in an adult is rare and is mostly classified as sarcomatoid hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, a case of sarcomatoid HCC in an adult with hepatoblastoma (HB)-like features, which produced difficulty in the differential diagnosis between sarcomatoid HCC and mixed HB, is presented. The epithelial component of the tumor composed of poorly differentiated HCC, Edmondson's grade III, and more primitive components, which were embryonal and small cell undifferentiated components of HB-like areas. The small undifferentiated cells surrounded HCC and the embryonal component of HB-like area, and revealed transition partly to areas of rhabdomyosarcoma. A small portion of chondrosarcoma was also noted. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that HCC and the embryonal component of HB-like areas expressed alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and cytokeratin 8. The small undifferentiated cells were negative for AFP but stained with cytokeratin 8 as well as CD56, which is a marker of primitive cells in many sarcoma and HB. It is not certain whether small undifferentiated cells belong to hepatic progenitor cells or primitive mesenchymal cells. polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis for beta-catenin mutation using microdissection revealed no mutation of any components. A review was undertaken of the cases previously reported as adult hepatoblastoma without detailed immunohistochemical study and consider many of them may be sarcomatoid HCC. These primitive and sarcomatoid components would be arising from the dedifferentiation process of HCC.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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