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1/27. Three cases of palatal polyps in infants.

    Fibrous lesions are common in the oral cavity, however, in infants they are rarely reported. We present three cases of palatal polyps in infants aged 2 days, 3 months and 7 months. In two cases, the treatment was surgical removal and in one case the polyp decreased in size and surgical removal was not required. In two infants, the diagnosis was confirmed histologically as fibroepithelial hyperplasia. ( info)

2/27. Recurrent atypical myxoid fibroepithelial polyp associated with vulvar Crohn's disease.

    Fibroepithelial polyps of the lower female genital tract are common lesions that can rarely exhibit atypical features including increased and atypical mitoses, bizarre nuclei, and hypercellularity, a combination of findings that may suggest malignancy. Five recurrent cases have been published to date, two of which were in pregnant females; the other three followed incomplete excisions. Our case is that of a 25-year-old female with Crohn's disease who developed multiple recurrences of polypoid and domed lesions of the labium minus following surgical excision. Histologic findings in the initial and recurrent lesions were consistent with atypical myxoid fibroepithelial polyps with underlying vulvar Crohn's disease. The lesions subsequently improved with standard Crohn's treatment including 5-amino-salicylic acid (Pentasa) and prednisone. The present case represents the only example of this entity associated with Crohn's disease, and it is the only reported recurrent case not associated with pregnancy, tamoxifen administration, or positive excision margins. The clinical, microscopic, and immunohistochemical findings of this case suggest that atypical fibroepithelial polyps of the lower female genital tract, cutaneous pleomorphic fibroma, and lesions such as fibroepithelial polyps of the anus may represent variants of the same atypical reparative process. ( info)

3/27. Chondroid metaplasia in a fibroepithelial polyp of the tongue.

    This report describes the development of chondroid metaplasia within a fibroepithelial polyp situated on the tongue. Although fibroepithelial polyps in this location are not unusual, chondroid metaplasia in such a lesion in this position has not, as far as the authors are aware, been described previously. The aetiology and the pathogenesis of the lesion are discussed. ( info)

4/27. Ureteral fibroepithelial polyp associated with urolithiasis induced by steroid therapy in a child: a case report.

    A 14-year-old boy complained of left flank pain. He had been given high-dose corticosteroid therapy for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Retrograde pyelography revealed irregular defects at the left ureteropelvic junction (UPJ), and ureteroscopy demonstrated ureteral polyp. The polyp was removed and histologically diagnosed as fibroepithelial polyp. hypercalciuria due to the corticosteroids and bedridden was assumed to have been a causative factor in the stone formation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a ureteral fibroepithelial polyp in children associated with urolithiasis, and associated with CIDP. ( info)

5/27. Fibroepithelioma-like changes occurring in perianal Paget's disease with rectal mucinous carcinoma: case report and review of 49 cases of extramammary Paget's disease.

    BACKGROUND: Anogenital Paget's disease (PD) may be accompanied by varying degrees of epidermal hyperplasia. The histological changes can be reminiscent of fibroepithelioma of Pinkus. methods: We present a case of perianal PD associated with fibroepitheliomatous epidermal hyperplasia in a 76-year-old-man with an underlying rectal mucinous carcinoma. We also carried out a retrospective analysis of 51 biopsies from 49 cases of extramammary PD to see whether particular epidermal changes occur in association with PD in different anatomic locations. RESULTS: A tumor, 3 cm in diameter, was noted in the patient's perianal skin. Histologically, it was composed of anastomosing thin epithelial strands with follicular differentiation. Paget's cells were distributed in the epithelial strands of this tumor as well as in the surrounding epidermis and anal epithelia. In our series of extramammary PD, epidermis was hyperplastic in two of two perianal cases, 26 of 43 genital skin samples, and one of six axillary PD biopsies. The stroma beneath the hyperplastic epidermis tended to be rich in thin collagen fibers and fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: Anogenital PD was more frequently associated with epidermal hyperplasia than axillary PD. Fibroepitheliomatous hyperplasia may be induced by the altered stroma associated with PD. ( info)

6/27. Treatment of bilateral fibroepithelial polyps in a child.

    Ureteral fibroepithelial polyps are extremely rare benign lesions composed of stroma with a surface of normal transitional epithelium. Traditionally, symptomatic polyps were treated with open exploration and segmental resection. We describe the first case of bilateral polyps in a child. One was removed by segmental resection and the other by ureteroscopic laser surgery. ( info)

7/27. Giant botryoid fibroepithelial polyp of bladder with myofibroblastic stroma and cystitis cystica et glandularis.

    A 3-year-old boy presented with a single episode of gross hematuria and no history of previous urinary tract disorder. Imaging studies revealed a large complex polypoid filling defect in the bladder lumen. Several attempts at transurethral biopsy and cytological examination of the urine revealed clumps of benign epithelial cells, but suspicion of a malignant neoplasm such as rhabdomyosarcoma remained high and the lesion was resected. The specimen measured 15 cm, had a narrow zone of attachment to the bladder mucosa, and was grossly botryoid. Changes typical of cystitis cystica et glandularis were present at and near all surfaces. Myxoid stroma contained scattered benign fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, and smooth muscle cells. Inexplicably, one of two karyotyped stromal cells demonstrated a translocation usually associated with rhabdomyosarcoma. This child is well without evidence of bladder abnormality 1.5 years after surgery. ( info)

8/27. Aggressive giant fibroepithelial lesion with unusual vascular stroma--a case report.

    The stroma of fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumor usually consists of fibroblastic proliferation. Rarely the stroma contains bundles of smooth muscle. Pseudoangiomatous hyperplasia of the mammary stroma has been described in fibroadenomas. However, true benign vascular stroma has not been reported. We report a case of a 34-year-old Chinese woman who presented with a large mass occupying the entire left breast. Left mastectomy was performed and showed a large, well-circumscribed, lobulated, rubbery-firm tumor measuring 13 x 10 x 6 cm. Microscopic examination revealed a fibroepithelial tumor formed by an organoid pattern of ductal structures with a very striking stromal appearance composed of extensive vascular proliferation and that demonstrated strong immunoreactivity for CD31, CD34, and factor viii. Ultrastructural examination revealed intercellular junctions, basal lamina, pinocytotic vesicles, and weibel-palade bodies in the cells lining the vascular spaces, confirming their endothelial nature. These findings rule out the diagnosis of pseudoangiomatous hyperplasia. The patient developed local recurrence a year later, and the resection showed malignant phyllodes tumor with ductal carcinoma in situ.The extensive vascular stroma noted in the primary tumor may have played a role in the malignant transformation of the epithelial and stromal components in this tumor. ( info)

9/27. A rare case of benign fibroepithelial tumor of the seminal vesicle.

    Primary tumors of seminal vesicles are rare. We report on a benign tumor of the seminal vesicle with fibroepithelial and cystic features. We performed a laparoscopic transperitoneal approach. The mass, not fixed to any anatomical structures except to the prostate, was isolated and removed. Histological examination of tumor revealed two distinct components: epithelial and stromal. We consider the term fibroadenoma more appropriate than cystoadenoma, because the stroma is not reactive but a distinct neoplastic component. ( info)

10/27. keratoacanthoma-like squamous cell carcinoma within the fibroepithelial polyp.

    Acrochordons (skin tags) are often considered clinically insignificant cutaneous redundancies that should be removed and destroyed with no histopathologic analysis performed. One rarely finds another neoplasm within an acrochordon. We describe a patient with an acrochordon that contained a squamous cell carcinoma that had features resembling a keratoacanthoma. This is the first time to our knowledge that an invasive squamous cell carcinoma has been described within an acrochordon. ( info)
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