Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/773. Sialoblastoma: clinicopathological/immunohistochemical study.

    Sialoblastoma is an extremely rare salivary tumor diagnosed at birth or shortly thereafter with significant variability in histologic range and clinical course, so that for an individual case it may be difficult to predict the most appropriate therapy. We detail the case of a toddler noted to have a firm 1-2-cm mass in the left cheek at 21 months. Parotidectomy was performed at 26 months, revealing a sialoblastoma; the resection margins were positive. During the next 10 months, the mass recurred or persisted, necessitating numerous procedures. The tumor was composed of basaloid cells with fine chromatin and other more mature cuboidal epithelial cells. Ductules and solid organoid nests with some tendency toward peripheral pallisading were also noted. There was no perineural invasion; necrosis initially was sparse but increased over time. The mitotic rate also increased from 6 to 7/10 high-power fields in the first resection to 20/10 high-power fields in the last resection. Nuclear pleomorphism increased with time. The MiB1 proliferative index revealed a dramatic increase in the number of labeled nuclei: from 3 cells/10 high-power fields in the first specimen to 94 cells/10 high-power fields for the last specimen. Cytokeratin accentuated the ductal structures. S-100 showed a diffuse staining pattern, with darker staining of the spindled myoepithelial cells. The Her-2-neu protein showed moderate cytoplasmic staining, whereas the p53 showed only occasional labeling of nuclei. This is the first case of sialoblastoma with evidence of increasing anaplasia based on increasing proliferative capacity. Therefore, the distinction between benign and malignant sialoblastomas may not be as well defined as previously thought. The patient's prognosis is likely to be determined by the tumor grade as well as the stage at presentation and the extent of resection. ( info)

2/773. Composite ganglioglioma and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor.

    Both ganglioglioma and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors are well-recognized glial-neuronal neoplasms associated with chronic epilepsy and cortical dysplasia (neuronal migration abnormalities). The exact relationship between these 2 glial-neuronal tumors continues to be debated. This article reports a case of a composite ganglioglioma and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor occurring in a 36-year-old woman in the left temporal lobe region. The resection histologically demonstrated distinct areas of ganglioglioma and dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor. A focal area of cortical dysplasia is also identified. The MIB-1 labeling indexes in both components were low (<1% of tumor cell nuclei). The coexistence of these 2 lesions and cortical dysplasia suggest a possible etiologic relationship between these 2 tumors. ( info)

3/773. Giant cell carcinoma of the lung. Report of a case with cytohistologic and clinical correlation.

    BACKGROUND: Giant cell carcinoma (GCC) of the lung is an unusual tumor characterized by an aggressive outcome. CASE: A peripheral lung tumor was observed in an elderly male. At presentation the clinical symptoms were cough, thoracic pain and hemoptysis. Chest roentgenography showed a left pleural effusion and neutrophilia in the blood. Bronchoscopic examination showed a peripheral tumor mass that could not be biopsied. bronchoalveolar lavage was negative. The patient underwent a cerebrovascular accident and died. The autopsy showed a peripheral giant cell tumor of the left lung that involved regional and mediastinal lymph nodes. touch imprints showed tridimensional clusters of pleomorphic and large cells, some of which were multinucleated, containing leukocytes in their cytoplasm. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the typical cytohistologic features of GCT of the lung, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any peripheral lung tumor composed of large cells. Clinical correlation is helpful in reaching the correct diagnosis. ( info)

4/773. Mixed malignant germ cell tumor of the fallopian tube.

    Immature teratomas of the fallopian tube are exceedingly rare with only three reported cases in the English literature. Reported here is a case of primary mixed malignant germ cell tumor of the fallopian tube composed of immature teratoma and yolk sac tumor. ( info)

5/773. Familial ovarian germ cell cancer: report and review.

    Ovarian germ cell cancers are rare malignancies accounting for less than 5% of all ovarian cancers. We present a family in which three closely related women were diagnosed with ovarian germ cell malignancies. This family's cancer history prompted a family history investigation of women treated for ovarian germ cell malignancies in the Gynecologic-Oncology Clinic at the University of wisconsin. One of the eight patients whose family histories were reviewed had an uncle who had been diagnosed with testicular germ cell cancer. A review found six other previously reported families in which more than one relative had been diagnosed with a malignant ovarian germ cell tumor. Additionally, several cases of families with both males and females diagnosed with germ cell cancers have been documented. The low incidence of ovarian germ cell cancers suggests that multiple occurrences in the same family may not be due to chance. Rather, it is possible that a gene conferring susceptibility to ovarian germ cell cancers, and possibly to germ cell tumors in males as well, is present in at least some of these families. ( info)

6/773. The inv(11)(p15q22) chromosome translocation of therapy-related myelodysplasia with NUP98-DDX10 and DDX10-NUP98 fusion transcripts.

    Chromosomal abnormalities involving the 11p15 or 11q22-23 bands have been reported in several types of human neoplasms including hematopoietic malignancies. The abnormalities are observed in therapy-related malignancies and less frequently in de novo myeloid malignancies. Abnormality of the MLL gene located on chromosome 11q23 has been well known in therapy-related myeloid malignancies, but it has been reported only recently that the inv(11)(p15q22) in de novo or therapy-related myeloid malignancies results in the fusion of NUP98 on chromosome 11p15 and DDX10 on chromosome 11q22. NUP98 is a nucleoporin that composes the nuclear pore complex and is the target gene in leukemia with the t(7;11)(p15;p15). The DDX10 gene encodes a putative adenosine triphosphate-dependent DEAD box rna helicase. Here we present another patient with acute myelocytic leukemia (M4) transformed from chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with the inv(11) chromosome who had been treated with etoposide for a germ cell tumor. By reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of the rna from the leukemic cells of the patient, DDX10-NUP98 and NUP98-DDX10 fusion transcripts were detected. Our case confirms that the inv(11) is a rare chromosomal translocation that is associated with therapy-related or de novo myeloid malignancy and involves NUP98 and DDX10 but not MLL. RT-PCR of the fusion transcripts might be applied to the detection of a small number of leukemic cells in the bone marrow or blood of patients in remission or in the cells harvested for autologous transplantation. ( info)

7/773. Angiosarcoma of the testis.

    A primary angiosarcoma of the testis in a 74-year-old patient was a highly anaplastic epthelioid angiosarcoma, which was positive for endothelial markers immunohistochemically. The tumour was unrelated to testicular germ cell neoplasm; the patient had received no previous radiation or chemotherapy. ( info)

8/773. Spontaneous intralesional haemorrhage in dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumours: a series of five cases.

    Five patients with dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT) showing extensive secondary haemorrhage, a finding not previously associated with these neoplasms, are described. The clinical presentations, neuroimaging findings, and histopathological features of these patients are reviewed. One patient, a previously asymptomatic 12 year old girl, presented with an acute intracerebral haemorrhage into a DNT. A further four young adults with histories of intractable partial and generalised seizures dating from childhood showed significant chronic haemorrhages within DNT, the MRI appearances in one patient giving a false impression of a cavernoma. Histopathology disclosed vascular abnormalities within these tumours which, together with other factors discussed, may have predisposed these tumours to haemorrhage. ( info)

9/773. hypercalcemia in an euthyroid patient with secondary hypoadrenalism and diabetes insipidus due to hypothalamic tumor.

    A 20-year-old Japanese man with a hypothalamic tumor (most likely germ-cell tumor) which caused secondary hypoadrenalism, hypogonadism and diabetes insipidus developed hypercalcemia and acute renal failure. The serum levels of intact PTH (iPTH), PTH-related protein (PTH-rP), 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin d (1,25- (OH)2 D), ACTH, cortisol, gonadotropins and testosterone were decreased, but his serum levels of triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) were within the normal range at admission, with depressed TSH and slightly increased thyroglobulin. The hypercalcemia was refractory to extensive hydration and calcitonin, but was ameliorated by pamidronate. After irradiation of the hypothalamic tumor, panhypopituitarism gradually developed. The patient has been normocalcemic for the last 2 years and is doing well under replacement therapy with glucocorticoid, L-thyroxine, methyltestosterone and 1-desamino D arginine vasopressin (dDAVP). As to the mechanism of euthyroidism at admission, transient destructive thyroiditis associated with hypopituitarism or delayed development of hypothyroidism following the hypoadrenalism was suggested. This is the first reported case of hypercalcemia in secondary hypoadrenalism due to hypothalamic tumor. hypercalcemia was most likely induced by increased bone resorption, which was probably elicited by the combined effects of deficient glucocorticoid and sufficient thyroid hormones in addition to hypovolemia and reduced renal calcium excretion. Furthermore, severe dehydration due to diabetes insipidus and disturbance of thirst sensation caused by the hypothalamic tumor aggravated the hypercalcemia, leading to acute renal failure. ( info)

10/773. A frame shift mutation in the dna-binding domain of the androgen receptor gene associated with complete androgen insensitivity, persistent mullerian structures, and germ cell tumors in dysgenetic gonads.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the molecular, cytogenetic, immunohistochemical, and endocrinologic characteristics of a young 46,XY female with persistent mullerian structures and germ cell tumors in dysgenetic gonads. DESIGN: Descriptive case study. SETTING: Mackay Memorial Hospital and National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, taiwan. PATIENT(S): A 22-year-old 46,XY female with persistent mullerian structures, a low level of serum testosterone, and no apparent adnexal masses. INTERVENTION(S): Laparoscopic removal of the dysgenetic gonads. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Detection of an androgen receptor gene mutation by a semiautomated dna sequencer, of the chromosomal complement by cytogenetic examination, of placental alkaline phosphatase activity by immunohistochemical analysis, and of neoplasms in dysgenetic gonads by histologic studies. RESULT(S): A unilateral gonadoblastoma and a contralateral gonadoblastoma associated with a dysgerminoma were found in the excised gonads. The tumors had a 46,XY complement. Placental alkaline phosphatase was present in the tumor cells. A frameshift mutation in the dna-binding domain of the androgen receptor gene was detected in the patient's blood and the tumor tissues. A five-nucleotide "AGGAA" deletion at codons 608 and 609 of the androgen receptor gene resulted in a missing arginine and lysine as well as a frameshift that introduced a stop codon 12 amino acid downstream from the mutation. CONCLUSION(S): Molecular genetic analysis of the androgen receptor gene aids in the rapid diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity irrespective of atypical clinical phenotypes and endocrinologic parameters. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.