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1/5. adult mesoblastic nephroma.

    We report a case of asymptomatic mesoblastic nephroma in a 54-year-old woman. The tumor showed immunohistochemical reactions similar to developing nephrons. Electron microscopy showed immature tubules with numerous intracytoplasmic intermediate filaments. Recent studies support the concept of pathogenesis of the mesoblastic nephroma originating from collecting ducts. However, this case exhibited a complex pattern of antigenic expression not restricted to the collecting ducts, but including the glycoprotein CD24 and the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). The following differential diagnoses will be discussed: benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor, metanephric adenoma, and nephrogenic adenofibroma.
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keywords = tubule
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2/5. Low-grade renal epithelial tumor originating from the distal nephron.

    There are few published reports of low-grade renal epithelial tumor originating from the distal nephron. However, it should not be disregarded clinically, because the actual number of patients with such tumors may be higher than expected. We investigated the immunohistochemical profile of a histologically distinct subtype of such a tumor in detail, in addition to the clinical course and imaging studies. The present study demonstrated that both glandular and spindle cell components of this tumor have a persistent characteristic of an epithelial tumor arising from the distal tubule or collecting duct. This tumor is a benign complex neoplasm that can be treated successfully with radical surgery. Beta-catenin and E-cadherin are suggested to play a crucial role in tumorigenesis and the biphasic arrangement of this neoplasm, concerning the expression of epithelial membrane antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9. We suggest that the term 'distal nephron epithelioma' is appropriate for classifying such rare but clinicopathologically distinct tumors.
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keywords = tubule
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3/5. Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in a 12-year-old girl.

    Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney (MESTK) is a rare kidney neoplasm that almost exclusively occurs in perimenopausal women, and long-term estrogen replacement is relevant to its pathogenesis. Herein is described an atypical case of MESTK uncovered in a 12-year-old premenarcheal girl without a history of prior estrogen use. On surgical specimen it was found that the well-circumscribed tumor measuring 14 cm arose from the lower pole of the right kidney, showing solid and fibrous-cystic areas. Microscopically, it was composed both of epithelial structures similar to renal tubules and stroma comprising non-specific spindle cells. Some intratumoral tubules showed affinities to distal-nephron-specific lectins, and those immunoreactive for proximal-tubule-specific CD15 were also present. In addition, primitive ductal structures were reactive both for CD15 and lectins, but immature epithelial elements typical of nephroblastoma were absent. Spindle cells were positive for actin, desmin and vimentin, and expressed progesterone and estrogen receptors. The tumor was comparable with MESTK, although some epithelia were associated with the immunophenotype of proximal tubules. The patient was free of disease postoperatively for 40 months. In the present case, remnants of the primitive periductal mesenchyme might be promoted to neoplastic cells by a sex-steroid surge during puberty.
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keywords = tubule
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4/5. Ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules: steroid profile.

    The pre- and postoperative endocrine profile in a patient with an ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules resembles a granulosa cell tumor despite morphologic features of a sertoli-leydig cell tumor. Gonadotropin and prolactin levels were compatible with estrogen-progesterone synergy on hypothalamic pituitary function.
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ranking = 5
keywords = tubule
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5/5. Epithelial-myoepithelial tumor of the bronchus.

    A primary bronchial tumor with a histological pattern similar to that of epithelial-myoepithelial tumor of the salivary gland is reported in a 55-year-old woman. The tumor was well delimited, although not encapsulated, and showed a polypoid growth. The tumor was composed of two types of neoplastic cells: epithelial cells displaying tubules and myoepithelial cells that either formed compact masses or surrounded the tubular formations. Immunohistochemical study confirmed positive immunoreaction to both high- and low-molecular-weight cytokeratins in the epithelial cells and positive immunoreaction to vimentin, S-100 protein, and myosin in the myoepithelial cells.
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keywords = tubule
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