Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/365. A case report including EM and dna repair investigations in a dermatosis associated with multiple skin cancers: epidermodysplasia verruciformis.

    This report describes the clinical, histological and electron microscopic observations in a 51-year-old male with epidermodysplasia veruciformis (EV). Cells with early signs of malignant transformation were found closely connected with virus infected epidermal regions. skin cancers appeared initially on sun-exposed areas, such as the face and ear lobes. The UV-induced dna repair synthesis was therefore studied, utilizing peripheral leukocytes. The patient had 40% lower UV-induced dna repair synthesis than the mean of nine healthy subjects of the same age. These results suggest that a decrease in UV-induced dna repair synthesis in combination with a possibly oncogenic viral infection may enhance the disposition for somatic mutations and malignant transformation in patients with EV.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/365. Multiple basal cell carcinomas associated with hairy cell leukaemia.

    We report the case of a caucasian woman who, between the ages of 49 and 51 years, developed multiple (> 20) basal cell carcinomas (BCC). There was no family history of BCC. No abnormalities in the human homologue of the drosophila segment polarity gene patched (PTCH), glutathione S-transferases T1 and M1, or cytochrome P450 1A1 were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based molecular analysis. There was, however, actinic damage of the skin in sun-exposed areas. The patient was diagnosed as having hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) at the age of 51 years, based upon leucocyte morphology as assessed by light and electron microscopy, tartrate-resistant acid leucocyte phosphatase (TRAP) staining, fluorescence activated cell scanning of peripheral blood leucocytes and bone marrow histology. As the leukaemia slowly progressed over a 3-month period, the patient developed four further BCCs. Given that HCL is characterized by a profound defect in T-cell function, it is conceivable that T-cell immune dysregulation can contribute to the pathogenesis of BCC, possibly enhancing the aetiological effect of ultraviolet irradiation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.32019991670137
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/365. Synchronic signet ring carcinoma and adenocarcinoma complicating extensive and long-standing ulcerative colitis.

    We report the case of a 38 year-old woman with extensive ulcerative colitis (UC) for 9 years that had consistently been under close endoscopic surveillance. She had had two previous severe attacks requiring hospital admission, with good response to intravenous steroids. In the last relapse, a total colonoscopy demonstrated extensive lesions of UC throughout the entire colon. Multiple biopsies taken every 3 cm revealed only low-grade dysplasia and lesions characteristic of UC. Due to medical therapy failure, the patient was submitted for proctocolectomy. Pathological examination of the resected specimen showed a signet ring carcinoma and a synchronic adenocarcinoma in the sigmoid colon, both undetected by colonoscopy and biopsies. The issue of surveillance in patients with extensive and long-standing UC is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/365. osteosarcoma arising in a solitary osteochondroma of the fibula.

    We present a case of osteosarcoma arising in an osteochondroma of the right fibula in a 30-year-old woman. The available radiographic studies of the lesion were not suggestive of malignant transformation. The lesion and underlying bone were excised. Histologic examination showed a conventional high-grade osteoblastic osteosarcoma that focally eroded the fibrocartilaginous cap. The patient received postoperative chemotherapy and shows no evidence of disease 27 months following operation. The occurrence of osteosarcoma in an osteochondroma is an extremely rare event, and only a few cases are on record in the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.32019991670137
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/365. A case of Ollier's disease associated with two intracerebral low-grade gliomas.

    Ollier's disease, or multiple enchondromatosis, is a deforming dysplastic disease of cartilage, characterized by multiple, asymmetrically distributed intra-osseous cartilaginous masses in the metaphyses and diaphyses of bones. When associated with soft tissue hemangiomas it is referred to as Maffucci's syndrome, in which the enchondromatosis has no unilateral distribution. The emergence of malignant neoplasms, including gliomas, is a well-recognized complication in Maffucci's syndrome. We report a 28-year-old patient with a history of Ollier's disease, who developed two low-grade cerebral gliomas as well as an intracranial chondroma. This case history questions the distinction between the two forms of enchondromatosis and supports a continuum between these disease entities.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.32019991670137
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/365. Acute leukemia following prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy.

    1. Nine patients in whom acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) developed following prolonged alkylating agent therapy are described. Five of the patients received no radiotherapy. The conditions treated were: Hodgkin's disease (four patients), primary amyloidosis, primary macroglobulinemia, malignant lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and carcinoma of the tonsil. 2. Prior to the advent of chemotherapy, this complication was not observed in large series of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders and multiple myeloma. However, the medical literature now contains at least 125 other detailed reports of ANLL developing after prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy. 3. multiple myeloma and Hodgkin's disease, both of which commonly have good responses to chemotherapy, predominate as the underlying diseases. However, 35% of the case reports involve patients with other illnesses, including 12 patients who did not have neoplasms. 4. More than half of the patients developing ANLL have received chemotherapy alone without radiotherapy. 5. At least half of the patients developing ANLL experienced long periods of significant cytopenia during therapy, often with documentation of bone marrow dysplasia. 6. The wide variety of drugs associated with this complication suggests that any cytotoxic agent may be leukemogenic. However, alkylating agents overwhelmingly predominate as the class of compounds which are most often associated with terminal ANLL. 7. The vast majority of patients reported in the literature with ANLL complicating underlying malignancies have received cytotoxic drugs for prolonged periods (median 3 1/2 years) and leukemia developed most commonly 3 to 5 years after the diagnosis of the underlying disease. Most of these patients benefited from therapy and survived longer (median 5 years) than historical control of untreated patients. 8. The leukemogenic potential in man of prolonged cytotoxic agents therapy, especially with alkylating agents, seems to be well established. This evidence admonishes against the prolonged use of these drugs in non-fatal disorders. 9. More accurate assessment of risk: benefit ratios awaits the results of prospective controlled studies. The results of these studies could also lead to significant modifications in recommendations for long-term maintenance therapy with cytotoxic agents.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.52019991670137
keywords = bone, dysplasia
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/365. Synchronous Paget's sarcoma of tibiae in which Paget's disease was limited to these bones.

    A 51-year-old native of Rio de Janeiro presented with bilateral synchronous Paget's sarcomas in the tibiae, which developed in the upper right tibia and in the distal third of the left tibia. There were no other areas of Paget's disease. The largest tumor spread to the right inguinal nodes and also soft tissue. The tumor in the left tibia spread dramatically in the soft tissues up the leg and only involved the medullary cavity in its inferior portion. The patient died, but there was no autopsy. Comments are made about the prevalence of Paget's disease in Rio de Janeiro.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.2807996668055
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/365. High grade, synchronous colon cancers after renal transplantation: were immunosuppressive drugs to blame?

    Recipients of renal transplants are known to have an increased incidence of cancer, which is believed to be related to the use of immunosuppressive drugs used to prevent rejection. Although the risks of lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma are clearly increased in this setting, the association with colon cancer is controversial. We report a 44-yr-old woman, 20 yr post-renal transplant, and with no family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, who was found to have synchronous, poorly differentiated colon cancers associated with extensive abdominal lymph node, bone marrow, and bone (skull) metastasis. The long term immunosuppressive drugs that she had received may have been an important factor in her tumor development and/or progression. Our case and literature review suggest a possible mild, increased risk of colon cancer development in patients after renal transplantation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.64039983340275
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/365. Squamous odontogenic tumor. Report of six cases of a previously undescribed lesion.

    Six cases of a previously unnamed oral lesion are described and the name squamous odontogenic tumor is applied. The lesion causes radiolucent areas of bone destruction adjacent to the roots of teeth. In one case there were multiple separate lesions. light microscopy revealed numerous islands of benign squamous epithelium with focal areas of keratinization and calcification. Electron microscope examination in one case showed normal squamous epithelial cells with abundant glycogen granules, tonofilaments and myelin bodies. Complete surgical excision seems the best therapy, as only one lesion recurred following treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.32019991670137
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/365. Acute promyelocytic leukaemia complicating multiple myeloma: evidence of different cell lineages.

    The association of leukemia and multiple myeloma is well described usually as a complication of chemotherapy but also in the absence of chemotherapy or at diagnosis. Such leukemias are typically acute myeloid leukemia (AML), particularly myelomonocytic subtype, and cases of acute promyelocytic leuke (APL) are rarely reported. Controversy exists as to whether myeloma and AML originate from a single haematopoietic progenitor or arise from different cell lineages. We report a case of a 58 year old female who developed APL 10 months following diagnosis of nonsecretory light chain (kappa) myeloma which had been treated with local spinal irradiation and low dose oral melphalan and prednisone. Clonality had originally been demonstrated by light chain restriction (kappa) of her bone marrow plasma cells whilst immunoglobulin heavy chain and T cell receptor genes were germ line. At development of APL cytogenetics revealed t(15;17) and PML-RAR fusion gene was detected by RT-PCR. The patient was treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and received 2 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy with idarubicin. Following this therapy the t(15;17) and PML-RAR were both undetectable whilst the clonal population of kappa staining plasma cells persisted. This particular patient represents a rare case of APL complicating multiple myeloma with persistence of the myeloma clone but disappearance of PML-RAR alpha rna following therapy. This case study appears to support the argument that the APL and myeloma originated from distinct cell lineages.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.32019991670137
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Neoplasms, Multiple Primary'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.