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1/49. p53 and p16INK4A mutations during the progression of glomus tumor.

    Glomus tumors are significantly rare tumors of carotid body. The great majority of these tumors are benign in character. Here we present two brothers with hereditary glomus jugulare tumor who had consanguineous parents. radiotherapy was applied approximately 8 and 10 years ago for treatment in both cases. Eight years later, one of these cases came to our notice due to relapse. The mutation pattern of p53, p57KIP2, p16INK4A and p15NK4B genes which have roles in the cell cycle, was analyzed in tumor samples obtained from the two affected cases in the initial phase and from one of these cases at relapse. The dna sample obtained from the case in initial diagnosis phase revealed no p53, p57KIP2, p16INK4A or p15INK4B mutation. He is still in remission phase. Despite the lack of p53, p57KIP2, p16INK4A and p15INK4B mutation at initial diagnosis the tumor dna of the other case in relapse revealed p53 codon 243 (ATG-->ATC; met-->ile) and p16 codon 97 (GAC-->AAC; asp-->asn) missense point mutations. No loss of heterozygosity in p53 and p16INK4A was observed by microsatellite analysis of tumoral tissues in these cases. P53 and p16INK4A mutations observed in relapse phase were in conserved regions of both genes. No previous reports have been published with these mutations in glomus tumor during progression. The mutation observed in this case may due to radiotherapy. In spite of this possibility, the missense point mutations in conserved region of p53 and p16INK4A genes may indicate the role of p53 and p16INK4A in tumor progression of glomus tumors.
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keywords = glomus
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2/49. Treatment of multiple glomangioma with tuneable dye laser.

    BACKGROUND: Multiple glomangiomas are a rare clinical occurrence. In the past, various treatments have been proposed for eradication of these tumours. OBJECTIVE: An alternative and effective therapy for multiple glomangioma is proposed. Results: The effective clinical response of multiple, painful, bluish-black lesions on the soles of the feet and the hands, diagnosed as multiple glomangioma, to flashlamp tuneable dye laser is reported. CONCLUSION: The flashlamp tuneable dye laser is an effective modality in the treatment of multiple glomangioma.
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ranking = 9.7549542190684
keywords = glomangioma
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3/49. Localized multiple glomus tumors of the face and oral mucosa.

    We describe a 54-year-old patient with an unusual localization of localized multiple glomus tumors. She had several nodules on the left mandibular area, lower lip, and anterior part of the buccal mucosa. A biopsy taken from the left mandibular area showed cystically dilated vessels lined by endothelial cells and a few outer layers of glomus cells in the dermis to subcutis. Localized multiple glomus tumors are rare, and both their facial and oral mucocal localization are extremely rare.
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keywords = glomus
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4/49. Tracheobronchial glomus tumor.

    Glomus tumors are uncommon. A review of the literature for tracheobronchial glomus tumors revealed 13 tracheal glomus tumors. The diagnosis may be elusive and so the true incidence of tracheobronchial glomus tumors may be greater than that reported. Three of the 14 glomus tumors were initially believed to be carcinoid. Glomus tumors should be included in the differential diagnosis of tracheobronchial tumors.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = glomus
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5/49. Two cases of segmental multiple glomangiomas in a family: type 1 or type 2 segmental manifestation?

    Several autosomal dominant skin diseases may manifest cutaneous mosaicism. Two types of segmental arrangement can be distinguished: type 1 is characterized by segmental lesions with similar severity to that observed in the diffuse phenotype, the remaining skin being normal; type 2 is characterized by segmental lesions showing a major degree of severity and milder lesions diffusely arranged. Multiple glomus tumours have recently been included in the group of genodermatoses showing type 2 segmental involvement. A family with 2 cases of multiple glomangiomas arranged in a segmental fashion is reported. A 12-year-old girl presented multiple nodular glomangiomas on her right buttock and thigh, in a band-like distribution. A sister of her paternal grandfather showed plaque-like multiple glomangiomas on her left thigh and various glomangiomas on her right buttock and arm. No other family members were known to be affected. Two new cases of familial segmental multiple glomangiomas are reported, with the particularity that one of these exhibited type 2 segmental manifestation and the other type 1 from a clinical point of view.
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ranking = 11.971505896845
keywords = glomangioma, glomus tumour, glomus
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6/49. glomus tumor arising in a mature teratoma of the ovary: report of a case simulating a metastasis from cervical squamous carcinoma.

    Glomus tumors involving the female genital tract are rare. Herein we report the case of a glomus tumor constituting the major component of a mature teratoma of the ovary. This lesion represented an incidental finding in a 43-year-old woman who underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the time of detection of locally recurrent squamous carcinoma of the cervix. The glomus tumor was initially interpreted as a metastasis due to its superficial morphologic resemblance to the recurrent carcinoma in the vagina. It was, however, morphologically similar to glomus tumors that classically arise in the extremities. The diagnosis was supported by immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural examination. To our knowledge, no similar tumor has been described in the ovary or in teratomas at any other site.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
keywords = glomus
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7/49. Glomus faciale, glomus jugulare, glomus tympanicum, glomus vagale, carotid body tumors, and simulating lesions. role of MR imaging.

    In summary, MR imaging characteristics of a case of paraganglioma of the facial nerve are reported. The relationship of paragangliomas and the chromaffin system have been discussed. There are many reports of cases of synchronous paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas. These reports, along with simultaneous involvement in familial men syndromes, and the common embrylogic origin (neural crest) and similar histopathologic relationships between paragangliomas and pheochromocytoma, all support the fact that they are part of the chromaffin system.
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ranking = 1.7142857142857
keywords = glomus
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8/49. Complex tumors of the glomus jugulare: criteria, treatment, and outcome.

    OBJECT: Tumors of the glomus jugulare are benign, slow-growing paragangliomas. Their natural history, surgical treatment, and outcome have been well addressed in the recent literature; however, there remains a subgroup of complex tumors--multiple, giant, malignant, neuropeptide-secreting lesions, and those treated previously by an intervention with an adverse outcome--that is high risk, presents surgical challenges, and is associated with treatment controversy. In this article the authors report on a series of patients with complex glomus jugulare tumors and focus on treatment decisions, avoidance of complications, surgical refinements, and patient outcomes. methods: In this retrospective study, the patient population was composed of 11 male and 32 female patients (mean age 47 years) with complex tumors of the glomus jugulare who were treated by the senior author within the past 20 years. These include 38 patients with giant tumors, 11 with multiple paragangliomas (seven bilateral and four ipsilateral), two with tumors that hypersecreted catecholamine, and one with a malignant tumor. Six patients had associated lesions: one dural arteriovenous malformation, one carotid artery (CA) aneurysm, two adrenal tumors, and two other cranial tumors. All but one patient presented with neurological deficits. Cranial nerve deficits, particularly those associated with the lower cranial nerves, were the prominent feature. Twenty-eight patients underwent resection in an attempt at total removal, and gross-total resection was achieved in 24 patients. Particularly challenging were cases in which the patient had undergone prior embolization or CA occlusion, after which new feeding vessels from the internal CA and vertebrobasilar artery circulation developed. The surgical technique was tailored to each patient and each tumor. It was modified to preserve facial nerve function, particularly in patients with bilateral tumors. Intrabulbar dissection was performed to increase the likelihood that the lower cranial nerves would be preserved. Each tumor was isolated to improve its resectability and prevent blood loss. No operative mortality occurred. In one patient hemiplegia developed postoperatively due to CA thrombosis, but the patient recovered after an endovascular injection of urokinase. In four patients a cerebrospinal fluid leak was treated through spinal drainage, and in five patients infection developed in the external ear canal. Two of these infections progressed to osteomyelitis of the temporal bone. There were two recurrences, one in a patient with a malignant tumor who eventually died of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the challenges encountered in treating complex glomus jugulare tumors, resection is indicated and successful. Multiple tumors mandate a treatment plan that addresses the risk of bilateral cranial nerve deficits. The intrabulbar dissection technique can be used with any tumor, as long as the tumor itself has not penetrated the wall of the jugular bulb or infiltrated the cranial nerves. Tumors that hypersecrete catecholamine require perioperative management and malignant tumors carry a poor prognosis.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = glomus
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9/49. Multiple familial facial glomus: case report and review of the literature.

    Facial paraganglioma is an extremely rare tumor that originates from abnormal paraganglionic tissue situated in the intrapetrous facial canal. A review of the English-language literature shows that only 8 cases of facial nerve paraganglioma have been published. In each case the facial glomus presented itself sporadically, completely independent of any other form of paraganglioma. This study reports an intrapetrous facial glomus that occurred in a case of multiple paragangliomas with a hereditary pattern. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a combination.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = glomus
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10/49. Synchronous multiple glomus tumors of the esophagus and lung.

    A case of synchronous esophageal and multiple pulmonary tumors presenting complex diagnostic problems is described. In the course of routine pulmonary screening a pulmonary coin lesion of the right lung and three very small foci on the left side, under the pleura falling just within the range of diagnostic parameters was identified in a symptom-free patient. In addition to the multiple lung lesions a single sub-mucosal esophageal tumor was detected. Following minimally invasive surgical excision of the tumors the precise nature of the neoplasms was determined by means of comparative histological, light-and electro-microscopic as well as immunohistochemical studies. The earlier diagnosis of carcinoid was reviewed, rejected and glomus tumor was confirmed. Multiple glomus tumors of the above localizations have not been previously described in the literature.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = glomus
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