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1/230. Multifocal choroidal malignant melanoma: at least 3 melanomas in one eye.

    OBJECTIVES: To describe a case of an enucleated eye harboring multiple choroidal malignant melanomas. methods: Clinical, ultrasonographic, and histopathological evaluations. RESULTS: Meticulous sectioning of the globe did not disclose any structural continuity between the 3 choroidal melanomas. Fourth and fifth masses were connected to one of the tumors by fibrous tissue and therefore were not considered as additional distinct lesions. CONCLUSION: Although very rare, a single eye can harbor multiple distinct choroidal melanomas.
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ranking = 1
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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2/230. Neurocutaneous melanosis presenting with intracranial amelanotic melanoma.

    We describe imaging findings in a 2-year-old girl with neurocutaneous melanosis and malignant cerebral melanoma. Because the cerebral melanoma in this child was of the amelanotic type, high-signal intensity on unenhanced T1-weighted images was not present. The cutaneous lesions played a crucial role in establishing a correct (presumed) histopathologic diagnosis on the basis of the imaging findings. To our knowledge this is the first report describing an intracranial amelanotic malignant melanoma in association with neurocutaneous melanosis.
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ranking = 0.48900267495801
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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3/230. Malignant melanoma of the choroid in neurofibromatosis.

    A 60-year-old white woman with generalized neurofibromatosis and multiple melanocytic hamartomas of the iris developed an unusual choroidal mass, with secondary sensory retinal separation in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopically the tumor had a peculiar donut configuration that was caused by a large focus of central necrosis within a spindle B melanoma.
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ranking = 0.30104445308126
keywords = melanoma
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4/230. FDG PET-negative liver metastases of a malignant melanoma and FDG PET-positive hurthle cell tumor of the thyroid.

    A Hurthle cell tumor (oncocytoma) of the thyroid presented as a hypermetabolic focus in a fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) study which was performed as staging procedure in a patient with malignant melanoma. This finding led to the initial diagnosis of a metastasis. In contrast, multiple liver metastases, seen on MRI and sonography, did not show any increased FDG uptake. Cytology results of one liver mass confirmed a melanoma metastasis, and of the neck mass, a Hurthle cell tumor. The Hurthle cell tumor was, based on clinical evidence, thought to be benign. This is the first description of a FDG PET-positive benign Hurthle cell tumor, with FDG PET-negative liver metastases of a malignant melanoma, in the same patient.
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ranking = 0.82670487817924
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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5/230. xeroderma pigmentosum variant associated with multiple cancers.

    A 62-year-old Japanese man with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) variant is reported. The patient had developed at least 6 basal cell carcinomas, a squamous cell carcinoma, and a malignant melanoma on sun-exposed areas, and an atypical carcinoid on the right lung. In vivo phototesting showed a normal response. The minimal erythema dose of ultraviolet B (UVB) was not lowered and no delayed peaking of the erythema reaction was observed. His skin fibroblasts exhibited higher sensitivity to UV irradiation, but a normal level of unscheduled dna and rna synthesis. Cell fusions with XP group A, C, D, E, F, and G cells after UV irradiation were all complemented. Previous reports together with this case suggest that older XP variant patients have a high frequency of not only skin cancers, but also internal malignancies.
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ranking = 0.1277493312605
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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6/230. Multifocal intraocular malignant melanoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: To describe two eyes from two patients with multifocal primary intraocular melanoma. DESIGN: Two case reports. methods: The history and histologic findings in the enucleated eyes of two patients with multifocal intraocular melanoma are described in comparison to previously reported cases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pathologic examination of enucleated eyes. RESULTS: One of the two eyes contained mixed cell type melanomas, and one eye contained spindle cell type melanomas. Examination of serial sections showed no continuity between the intraocular melanomas. There were no associated ocular or systemic conditions with the multifocal intraocular melanomas. CONCLUSIONS: Multifocal primary intraocular melanoma is rare. There is no known predisposing factor to this condition.
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ranking = 0.93245955935575
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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7/230. Choroidal melanoma with oculodermal melanocytosis in Hispanic patients.

    PURPOSE: To describe three Hispanic patients with oculodermal melanocytosis and uveal melanoma. METHOD: Case series. RESULTS: Three Hispanic patients with oculodermal melanocytosis and uveal melanoma underwent enucleation. The diagnosis of choroidal melanoma was confirmed by histopathologic examination. CONCLUSION: In the Hispanic population, uveal melanoma can occur in the presence of oculodermal melanocytosis.
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ranking = 0.48167112493001
keywords = melanoma
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8/230. Multiple primary melanoma.

    BACKGROUND: incidence rates of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) have been increasing for decades among Caucasian populations worldwide. Multiple factors identify persons at increased risk of CMM, including those with a family history of melanoma and those with atypical moles. Approximately 6-12% of melanomas are familial and approximately 12% of patients with familial melanoma have multiple primary melanomas. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a patient with atypical moles and with 17 multiple primary melanomas. To review the literature on multiple primary melanomas as well as to review the genetics and treatment of melanoma. CONCLUSION: patients with numerous atypical moles and a family or personal history of melanoma are at greatest risk for developing CMM. patients from this population tend to develop CMM approximately 10 years earlier than the general population and have an increased risk for developing multiple primary melanomas. Since genetic tests capable of detecting individuals with an inherited susceptibility to CMM are not available, it is important to identify those patients with an increased risk and monitor them closely with regular total-body examinations.
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ranking = 0.91046490927176
keywords = malignant melanoma, melanoma
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9/230. Combined nevi of the conjunctiva.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and histologic features of combined nevi of the conjunctiva, a type of nevus that is not uncommon in the skin but rarely has been reported in the conjunctiva. methods: Conjunctival nevi and melanomas in the files of the University of california at san francisco eye pathology Laboratory from 1984 to 1999 were reviewed for the presence of features of both standard nevocytic nevi and blue nevi. Clinical histories and, when available, clinical photographs were obtained. RESULTS: Thirty combined nevi were discovered between 1984 and 1999. One case before 1984 had been incorrectly diagnosed as a junctional nevus. The dendritic and spindle-shaped blue nevus cells had been overlooked because they were not recognized as distinct from the standard nevocytic nevus cells. The recognition of blue as well as a brown color, a deep as well as a superficial component in the lesion, or a history of pigmentation since birth may help to establish the correct clinical diagnosis and prevent an unnecessarily deep surgical resection. Although growth of the lesion or "satellites" in some may favor a clinical diagnosis of melanoma, no lesions in this series were malignant. CONCLUSION: Despite a paucity of reports of combined nevi of the conjunctiva in the medical literature, this type of nevus, a combination of a nevocytic and a blue nevus, is common and has been overlooked in the past.
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ranking = 0.1204177812325
keywords = melanoma
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10/230. Simultaneous occurrence of multiple melanoma in situ on sun-damaged skin (lentigo maligna), solar lentigo and labial melanosis: the value of dermoscopy in diagnosis.

    We report on a patient developing simultaneous occurrence of lentigo maligna lesions, solar lentigines and an extensive melanosis of the oral mucosa. Diagnostically, epiluminescence microscopy had a relevant role in the preoperative assessment and selection of suspicious pigmented lesions, as the lesions histologically labelled as lentigo maligna and solar lentigo were clinically indistinguishable. We review the clinical, dermoscopic and histopathologic differential diagnosis of solar lentigo, malignant lentigo and mucosal melanosis with other melanocytic and keratinocytic lesions and discuss the possible relationship between these entities.
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ranking = 0.240835562465
keywords = melanoma
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