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11/1500. Resection of triple synchronous cancers: a case report.

    We herein present a case of synchronous triple cancer, which was successfully resected in a curative manner. These cancers consisted of primary duodenal, pancreatic and lung cancers, which were diagnosed in an asymptomatic 74 year-old male, who was referred to our department on December 14, 1996. On admission, his laboratory data showed no abnormality, including tumor markers (CEA 1.0, CA 19-9 1.0, AFP 8.1 U/ml), but he did show an impaired pulmonary function (FEV1.0: 57%). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a smooth surfaced duodenal tumor measuring 4 cm in size. The second tumor was found at the head of the pancreas by computed tomography (CT), showing a hypervascular mass measuring 3.0 cm, along with neighboring multiple cysts. In endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), marked mucous secretion was observed through the papilla, while a filling defect was found in the dilated pancreatic duct. In a routine chest X-ray, a third tumor, which measured 1.5 cm in diameter, was recognized in the right upper lobe of the lung, and a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was also detected by a percutaneous CT guided biopsy. The pancreatic and duodenal tumors were surgically resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy (Stage I) in January 1997 and, 5 months later, a lung tumor underwent partial resection (Stage I). This patient tolerated these surgical procedures well and presently leads a normal, healthy life after discharge. In summary, a successful resection of synchronous triple cancers, which has never been previously reported in this specific combination, is described.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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12/1500. A rare combination consisting of primary hyperaldosteronism and glucagonoma.

    A 59-yr-old man with multiple pancreatic tumors is presented. Previously, he had undergone left adrenalectomy for primary hyperaldosteronism and left nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma at the ages of 39 and 55 yr, respectively. This time, 3 yr after removal of renal cancer, two solid lesions in the pancreas associated with hyperglucagonemia were detected. Under a diagnosis of pancreatic metastasis from renal cell carcinoma or islet cell tumor of the pancreas, distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy and enucleation of the tumor in the pancreas head were performed. Microscopically, a glucagonoma, measuring 2.3 mm in diameter, was detected among five pancreatic metastases from renal cell carcinoma. Four years after surgery, the patient remains well, without signs of recurrence despite multiple pancreatic metastases. This is the first report of such a rare combination consisting of aldosterone-secreting adrenal adenoma and glucagonoma.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = cancer
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13/1500. Paget's disease of the male breast associated with intraductal carcinoma.

    Paget's disease of the breast is a rare condition with an incidence of 3% to 5% of all mammary malignancies. Of all malignant breast cancer, 1% occurs in male patients, and thus, Paget's disease of the male breast is extremely rare. We present a case of intraductal carcinoma of the male breast presenting as Paget's disease.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = cancer
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14/1500. Primary cancer of the larynx associated with primary lung cancer. Report of 21 cases, 14 with autopsy findings and 7 biopsies.

    The present paper reports 21 cases (14 autopsies and 7 biopsies) of associated primary cancers of the larynx and the lung. This association is by no means uncommon, the laryngeal lesion being usually the first to appear. Mulitple primary cancers--of the same or of a different histologic type--tend to occur in the same organ or organ system, either simultaneously or after a time interval. In case of synchronous primary malignant tumour of the larynx and lung the most lethal cancer (the lung cancer) must be managed first. Cancer patients are more likely than other individuals to develop a second primary malignant tumour. Laryngectomized patients should be followed-up possibly by means of cytologic examinations of bronchial secretions and chest x-rays at short intervals for early detection of a possible second primary malignant pulmonary lesion.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = cancer
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15/1500. A case of synchronous double primary lung cancer with neuroendocrine features.

    We report a case of unique double primary lung cancers with neuroendocrine features in a 63-year-old male smoker. The mass in the left lower lobe (LLL) was a small cell/large cell carcinoma with spindle cell sarcomatous areas and organoid structure. The mass in the left upper lobe (LUL) was a tubular adenocarcinoma with neuroendocrine features including organoid nests showing occasional rosette formation, nuclear palisading in the periphery of the nests and positive immunoreaction for CD56, chromogranin a and synaptophysin. The difference in histological structures between the two masses led us to diagnose double primary lung cancer. The combination of small cell lung carcinoma and spindle cell carcinoma is very uncommon. The relationship between LLL and LUL tumors remains unclear. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features have only rarely been reported in the literature. The patient in our case died of widespread cancer 2 years and 4 months after the surgery without adjuvant chemotherapy, a longer postoperative survival time than in cases of ordinary extensive small cell lung cancer. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features are extremely rare and similar cases have not been reported in the literature. Neuroendocrine differentiation has attracted widespread attention and, therefore, examining neuroendocrine features in lung cancers is important.
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ranking = 1.375
keywords = cancer
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16/1500. Surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer.

    We report four surgically resected cases of a metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer. Two patients (Cases 1 and 2) were admitted for surgical treatment for pulmonary metastases from colon cancer, and the other two (Cases 3 and 4) were for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma. In only one patient (Case 3), one lesion among the multiple shadows on the preoperative computed tomography examination was rather strongly suspected to be primary lung cancer. In three patients (Cases 1, 2 and 3), one of the resected lesions in each individual case was diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma by an intraoperative examination using frozen sections, and was later histologically confirmed. In Case 4, one of the resected lesions was postoperatively determined to be lung adenocarcinoma. All coexisting lung cancers, treated with partial resection of the lung, were well-differentiated small-sized adenocarcinoma (T1N0), while the other lesions resected in each case were metastases from the individual cancer. Problems in preoperative diagnosis and surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer are discussed.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = cancer
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17/1500. Esophageal mucoepidermoid carcinoma containing signet-ring cells: three case reports and a literature review.

    We report 3 cases of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma which were found in a set of 505 resected esophageal tumors. The incidence of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma was 0.6%. All of the signet-ring cell carcinomas were histologically mixed with squamous cell carcinoma (mucoepidermoid carcinoma). The signet-ring cells had intracellular mucin, which was positive for both periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and alcian blue at pH 2.5. At the time of presentation, extensive extraesophageal tumor spread and local extension were found in all cases. All of the patients died within 2 years after the esophagectomy irrespective of whether they received chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Our results, and those previously reported, suggest that most esophageal carcinomas containing signet-ring cell carcinoma are aggressive neoplasms associated with a poor prognosis after esophagectomy.
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ranking = 0.50584471185148
keywords = neoplasm
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18/1500. Multiple primary cancers and HPV infection: are they related?

    Multiple primary cancers have been reported with increasing frequency in recent years, but the presence of foreign dna sequences of infectious agents in tumours arising in the same patient has so far not been investigated. We report a case of a patient with Hodgkin's lymphoma, an "in situ" cervix carcinoma and an adenocarcinoma of the right and left mammary gland. In all the tumour samples we detected the presence of dna genomic sequences of Papillomavirus type 16. Our results suggest that HPV infection may be an exogenous risk factor even in second primary tumours of non-epithelial origin.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = cancer
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19/1500. Synchronous unilateral parotid neoplasms of different histological types.

    The occurrence of multiple tumours in the salivary glands is an unusual phenomenon and the simultaneous development of tumours different types is extremely rare. Two cases are presented with synchronous tumours of the parotid gland of different histological types. The first was a Warthin tumour in combination with a metastatic lung carcinoma and the second was a pleomorphic adenoma in combination with non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma.
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ranking = 2.0233788474059
keywords = neoplasm
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20/1500. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery for T1 rectal cancer in patients with synchronous colorectal cancer.

    We treated T1 rectal cancer in three patients with synchronous colorectal cancer by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) before performing a radical operation for the second lesion. On pathological examination, all rectal specimens resected by TEM showed cancer invasion within the submucosal layer, while the margins of the specimen were completely free of cancerous tissue. Few complications were encountered with either the TEM for the rectal lesions or the succeeding radical operation for the second lesions. When patients present with synchronous colorectal cancer, including T1 rectal cancer, local excision of the rectal lesion via TEM can help to improve the patient's quality of life without affecting the curability of the disease.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = cancer
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