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1/1024. Double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes: report of a case.

    A case of double cancers of the lung and esophagus associated with a sarcoid-like reaction in their regional lymph nodes is reported. A 73-year-old man with hemosputum was found to have a mass in his right lower lung field on a chest X-ray. Based on a diagnosis of lung cancer, a right middle and lower lobectomy with a dissection of the lymph nodes was performed. Microscopically, a well developed granulomatous reaction was seen in the dissected mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Three years after the pulmonary resection, he was admitted to our hospital because of dysphagia. A diagnosis of lower esophageal cancer was made. A lower esophagectomy with a total gastrectomy was performed. A sarcoid-like reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells was seen in the regional lymph nodes. No clinical findings indicative of systemic sarcoidosis were observed. This rare condition may therefore help to improve our overall understanding of the relationship between malignant neoplasms and sarcoid-like reactions in the regional lymph nodes.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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2/1024. A case of multiple sebaceous epithelioma: analysis of microsatellite instability.

    Sebaceous gland tumor is a rare disease that is a sign of muir-torre syndrome, an autosomal, dominantly inherited genodermatosis characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous gland tumor and a minimum of one internal malignancy. Recent studies have indicated that defective dna mismatch repair occurs in muir-torre syndrome. Cutaneous lesions may occur before diagnosis of the internal cancer. We describe a 64-year-old male patient with multiple sebaceous epitheliomas with no evident internal malignancy. microsatellite instability, determined by examining dinucleotide CA repeats at the microsatellite loci, was observed in DNA from one sebaceous epithelioma but not from the other two sebaceous epitheliomas or from one basal cell epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation, suggesting that this condition is unlikely to be due to germ-line mutation of mismatch repair genes.
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ranking = 0.071458387886232
keywords = malignancy
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3/1024. Combined yolk sac tumor and adenocarcinoma in a gastric stump: molecular evidence of clonality.

    BACKGROUND: Extragonadal yolk sac tumors of the gastrointestinal tract are extremely rare neoplasms. Their greater rarity compared with other extragonadal yolk sac tumors suggests that different pathogenetic mechanisms could be involved according to the site of origin. This report describes a case of a combined yolk sac tumor and adenocarcinoma that arose in a gastric stump in a man age 61 years 43 years after he underwent distal gastric resection and gastrojejunostomy (Billroth II operation) for a benign duodenal ulcer. The coexistence of an adenocarcinomatous component with the yolk sac component suggests that the two histologic patterns may represent distinct phenotypes arising from a common mucosal epithelial cell. methods: Immunohistochemical and molecular techniques were used to define the mutation pattern of p53 in both components of the tumor. RESULTS: Single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing analyses demonstrated the same pattern of p53 mutation in the adenocarcinomatous and yolk sac tumor components. CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests that the two tumors could have been derived from the same cellular clone and supports the hypothesis that the two components represented a heterogeneous differentiation of the same tumor.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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4/1024. Primary liver carcinoma complicating membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava.

    A rare autopsy case of primary liver carcinoma complicating a pre-existing, incomplete membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava (MOVC) is reported. The patient, a 67-year-old Japanese male, was admitted to hospital following a 2 year illness of a left chest wall tumor and a 3 month illness with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography scans of the abdomen displayed space-occupying lesions in the third and seventh hepatic segments, respectively. One month later, the patient developed edema of the lower extremities and marked venous dilatation of the abdominal trunk. At that time, Doppler examination revealed the presence of intrahepatic large venovenous collaterals. The patient subsequently succumbed 82 days after hospitalization. At subsequent autopsy, the inferior vena cava was completely obstructed by tumor thrombus, which was formed caudally and cranially to a thin membrane and mimicked the valve, with calcification and elastic lamina, at the phrenic portion. Intrahepatic large collateral pathways were found between submembranous and supramembranous hepatic veins. Anomalous absence of the ostia of the middle hepatic vein was found. In addition, the portal venous trunk was occluded by tumor thrombus. histology of hepatic tumors revealed a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocellular carcinoma in the non-cirrhotic liver with severe acute centrilobular congestion. In MOVC patients such as the case presented, malignancy-induced thrombosis was deemed to be an important factor in prognosis.
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ranking = 0.035729193943116
keywords = malignancy
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5/1024. Esophageal mucoepidermoid carcinoma containing signet-ring cells: three case reports and a literature review.

    We report 3 cases of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma which were found in a set of 505 resected esophageal tumors. The incidence of esophageal signet-ring cell carcinoma was 0.6%. All of the signet-ring cell carcinomas were histologically mixed with squamous cell carcinoma (mucoepidermoid carcinoma). The signet-ring cells had intracellular mucin, which was positive for both periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and alcian blue at pH 2.5. At the time of presentation, extensive extraesophageal tumor spread and local extension were found in all cases. All of the patients died within 2 years after the esophagectomy irrespective of whether they received chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Our results, and those previously reported, suggest that most esophageal carcinomas containing signet-ring cell carcinoma are aggressive neoplasms associated with a poor prognosis after esophagectomy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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6/1024. Synchronous unilateral parotid neoplasms of different histological types.

    The occurrence of multiple tumours in the salivary glands is an unusual phenomenon and the simultaneous development of tumours different types is extremely rare. Two cases are presented with synchronous tumours of the parotid gland of different histological types. The first was a Warthin tumour in combination with a metastatic lung carcinoma and the second was a pleomorphic adenoma in combination with non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphoma.
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ranking = 4
keywords = neoplasm
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7/1024. Well-differentiated mucinous carcinoma of the ovary and a coexisting brenner tumor both exhibit amplification of 12q14-21 by comparative genomic hybridization.

    Although the coexistence of mucinous ovarian neoplasms and Brenner tumors is well established, the histogenesis and developmental relationship between the two remain unknown. We used comparative genomic hybridization to analyze two such tumors occurring simultaneously, one in each ovary, in a patient. Amplification of 12q14-21 sequences was found in both tumors; in addition, both tumors also had other, different changes, four identified in the brenner tumor and six in the mucinous carcinoma. The occurrence of the same genetic alteration in both tumors in this woman suggests that the mucinous carcinoma and brenner tumor may be clonally related, i.e., one arose from the other by means of metastatic spreading of transformed cells from one ovary to the other. An alternative explanation is that some unknown, putative tumorigenic agent induced similar and synchronous pathogenetic changes in the epithelium of both ovaries. The phenotypic differences between the tumors are presumably attributable to the other unique genetic abnormalities identified in both tumor types.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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8/1024. Spiradenocylindromas of the skin: tumors with morphological features of spiradenoma and cylindroma in the same lesion: report of 12 cases.

    Twelve cases of spiradenocylindromas, which revealed features of both spiradenoma and cylindroma in the same tumor mass, are presented. Nine female patients had multiple neoplasms occurring mostly on the scalp, and two female and one male patient had a solitary cutaneous lesion. Three of the female patients with multiple cutaneous tumors had a familial history of similar cutaneous neoplasms. In one of the patient's family, the multiple cutaneous tumors were known to occur in multiple family members in four consecutive generations. One patient with multiple cutaneous lesions was known to have associated multiple kidney cysts as confirmed by computed tomography. Histologically, spiradenocylindromas are composed of intermixed areas that are either of typical spiradenoma in appearance or of typical cylindroma appearance. Apocrine and trichoepitheliomatous differentiation seen in two cases in the present series points to spiradenomas, as well as cylindromas, having complex hair follicle (folliculo-sebaceous apocrine) rather than eccrine differentiation. The presence of lymphoid tissue was a histological feature in the present series, which was prominent in all the spiradenomatous parts of the tumors and which was scanty or practically absent in all the cylindromatous parts. The selective presence of lymphocytes in spiradenoma and an absence in cylindroma suggest that spiradenomas have the unique property of attracting lymphocytes. The malignant tumors arising in three patients in the present series had the morphology of a poorly differentiated epithelioid neoplasm. Three patients died of the disease and the other patients were either free of disease or alive with disease 1-30 years on follow up.
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ranking = 3
keywords = neoplasm
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9/1024. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a Warthin's tumor.

    Warthin's tumor is a well-defined salivary gland neoplasm consisting of epithelial and lymphoid components. However, malignant transformation is extremely rare. Such a patient who developed squamous cell carcinoma within a Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland is described and possible pathogenesis is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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10/1024. Hybrid carcinomas of salivary glands. Report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: To report 4 cases of hybrid carcinoma and to review the literature on these rare neoplasms of the salivary gland. methods: hematoxylin-eosin-stained, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 3 parotid tumors and 1 palate tumor were examined. RESULTS: The cases were classified as adenoid cystic and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial and salivary duct carcinoma, and adenoid cystic and salivary duct carcinoma. All patients were men, 28 to 71 years old; 3 patients presented with parotid mass, and 1 patient presented with palatal mass. One patient presented with facial nerve paralysis and pain. The soft palatal tumor was a slowly growing mass with maxillary sinus involvement at the time of the diagnosis. All patients were treated with surgery and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Correct identification of 2 or more neoplastic entities will help assess the aggressiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor and influence the clinical course and treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
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