Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/447. Synchronous and metachronous gastric adenocarcinoma: case report and literature review.

    Whilst synchronous adenocarcinoma of the stomach is well documented, metachronous primary disease is exceedingly rare. We report a man with a family history of colonic and gastric cancer, who underwent a resection of a Duke's C adenocarcinoma of the rectum, aged 56 years, and a proximal partial gastrectomy for synchronous stage 1 gastric adenocarcinomas of the lesser curve, aged 61 years. Nine years later, a metachronous gastric primary was discovered in the gastric remnant, necessitating total gastrectomy. Total gastrectomy is the operation of choice for synchronous gastric primaries as it ensures clearance and prevents metachronous growth. However, it may not be appropriate for all gastric cancer as operative morbidity and mortality are increased, and because synchronicity and metachronicity of gastric cancer are uncommon. Moreover, there are no consistent data to demonstrate a survival advantage for total compared with partial gastrectomy for operable gastric cancer. If, after partial gastrectomy, synchronous disease is detected in the resected specimen (as in this reported case), endoscopic surveillance for metachronous disease is advised, since this may be amenable to surgical cure.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/447. Quadruple cancer including bilateral breasts, Vater's papilla, and urinary bladder: report of a case.

    We herein report a rare case of quadruple carcinoma with heterochronous bilateral breast cancer, cancer of Vater's papilla, and cancer of the urinary bladder, which were all curatively resected. A 62-year-old woman previously underwent right and left modified radical mastectomies heterochronously. Recently, a dilatation of the lower bile duct, diagnosed as cancer of Vater's papilla, was resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy. hematuria during surgery led to the discovery of a solid bladder tumor. The tumor was resected by a transurethral resection. The histopathologic findings differed for all four lesions. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and to date has shown no recurrence.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/447. A case of synchronous double primary lung cancer with neuroendocrine features.

    We report a case of unique double primary lung cancers with neuroendocrine features in a 63-year-old male smoker. The mass in the left lower lobe (LLL) was a small cell/large cell carcinoma with spindle cell sarcomatous areas and organoid structure. The mass in the left upper lobe (LUL) was a tubular adenocarcinoma with neuroendocrine features including organoid nests showing occasional rosette formation, nuclear palisading in the periphery of the nests and positive immunoreaction for CD56, chromogranin a and synaptophysin. The difference in histological structures between the two masses led us to diagnose double primary lung cancer. The combination of small cell lung carcinoma and spindle cell carcinoma is very uncommon. The relationship between LLL and LUL tumors remains unclear. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features have only rarely been reported in the literature. The patient in our case died of widespread cancer 2 years and 4 months after the surgery without adjuvant chemotherapy, a longer postoperative survival time than in cases of ordinary extensive small cell lung cancer. Multiple lung cancers with neuroendocrine features are extremely rare and similar cases have not been reported in the literature. Neuroendocrine differentiation has attracted widespread attention and, therefore, examining neuroendocrine features in lung cancers is important.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/447. Surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer.

    We report four surgically resected cases of a metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer. Two patients (Cases 1 and 2) were admitted for surgical treatment for pulmonary metastases from colon cancer, and the other two (Cases 3 and 4) were for pulmonary metastases from renal cell carcinoma. In only one patient (Case 3), one lesion among the multiple shadows on the preoperative computed tomography examination was rather strongly suspected to be primary lung cancer. In three patients (Cases 1, 2 and 3), one of the resected lesions in each individual case was diagnosed as lung adenocarcinoma by an intraoperative examination using frozen sections, and was later histologically confirmed. In Case 4, one of the resected lesions was postoperatively determined to be lung adenocarcinoma. All coexisting lung cancers, treated with partial resection of the lung, were well-differentiated small-sized adenocarcinoma (T1N0), while the other lesions resected in each case were metastases from the individual cancer. Problems in preoperative diagnosis and surgical treatment for metastatic lung tumors with incidentally coexisting lung cancer are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 4
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/447. Extra-adrenal phechromocytoma and renal cell carcinoma--an unusual case of tumour synchronism.

    We report an unusual case of tumour synchronism combining an extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma and a renal cell carcinoma in a 48-year-old male. The most usual forms of presentation are described in accordance with their clinical significance. We emphasize the diagnostic importance of specific biochemical studies and the accurate anatomical localization of extra-adrenal chromaffin tissue by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and scintigraphy with 131 iodine-methyliodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG). Surgical excision was the treatment of choice after the institution of adequate preoperative cardiovascular management. Pertinent features of the natural history of these tumours are described in accordance with their different embryological origin.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/447. Lymphoepithelioma-like esophageal carcinoma: report of a case.

    We herein report the rare case of a patient suffering from lymphoepithelioma-like poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. The patient was a 74-year-old woman in whom an esophageal tumor was found during an operation for thyroid cancer. After performing a subtotal thyroidectomy and cervical esophagectomy, esophageal reconstruction was performed using a free jejunal graft. Based on the results of the pathological examination, the esophageal tumor was diagnosed to be primary lymphoepithelioma-like esophageal cancer, not metastasis of either unknown nasopharyngeal cancer or thyroid cancer. Since surgery, she has survived postoperatively for more than 4 years with no evidence of recurrent disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/447. Triple pituitary adenoma in Cushing's disease: case report.

    A case of a triple pituitary adenoma identified in a surgically removed pituitary gland from a 52-year-old woman operated on for Cushing's disease is presented. The histology revealed 3 distinctly separate microadenomas, 1 corticotroph and 2 immunoreactive for prolactin (PRL). The latter were apparently silent, since the serum PRL levels were within normal range. The problems associated with the inability to identify multiple adenomas pre-operatively and the possible failure of selective transsphenoidal adenomectomy in case of multiple adenomas are emphasised.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/447. hyperthyroidism due to papillary carcinoma of the thyroid--a case report.

    A rare case of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid producing hyperthyroidism is presented. A young patients presented seven years after a thyroid operation with metastatic disease in the cervical lymph nodes and a history of deteriorating vision in the left eye. He also had a lesion in the base of the skull which could not be established to be metastasis from the thyroid cancer. There was clinical and biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism. Radionuclide scan revealed uptake in the residual thyroid tissue and patchy uptake by the cervical lymph nodes. The patient underwent a complete thyroidectomy and radical neck dissection of the left side and 'berry-picking' of the lymph nodes on the right side. Although the patient became euthyroid post-operatively, his general condition deteriorated and he rapidly lost vision in both eyes before any ablative therapy could be instituted for the tumour in the base of the skull. The patient was lost to follow-up.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/447. Mediastinal lymph node involvement as the initial manifestation of occult thyroid cancer in the surgical treatment of lung cancer: report of a case.

    A 63-year-old man was referred to our institute for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper lobe of his right lung. A right upper lobectomy of the lung was performed with a mediastinal lymph node dissection. The postoperative pathological examination of the dissected specimens revealed one of the superior mediastinal lymph nodes to be morbid with micrometastasis of occult thyroid cancer, while no node involvement was seen due to lung cancer. A right lobectomy of the thyroid gland with a modified radical neck dissection was done 4 years later after the confirmation of the absence of any recurrent sign of lung cancer. In the resected specimen, papillary thyroid microcarcinoma was observed with several intraglandular metastases and right regional lymph node involvement. Eight months later, a new primary lung cancer developed in the left lung, and a left upper lobectomy of the lung with a mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed. At that time, the absence of mediastinal lymph node metastasis from lung cancer or thyroid cancer was confirmed. Mediastinal lymph node involvement as the initial manifestation of occult thyroid cancer in surgical treatment for lung cancer is rare, but it is important to be aware of the possibility of incidentally detecting occult thyroid cancer in surgical dissections in this area for lung cancer. The appropriate surgical treatment should be determined while carefully considering the prognosis of the lung cancer as well as that of any coexisting malignancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/447. osteosarcoma arising in a solitary osteochondroma of the fibula.

    We present a case of osteosarcoma arising in an osteochondroma of the right fibula in a 30-year-old woman. The available radiographic studies of the lesion were not suggestive of malignant transformation. The lesion and underlying bone were excised. Histologic examination showed a conventional high-grade osteoblastic osteosarcoma that focally eroded the fibrocartilaginous cap. The patient received postoperative chemotherapy and shows no evidence of disease 27 months following operation. The occurrence of osteosarcoma in an osteochondroma is an extremely rare event, and only a few cases are on record in the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Neoplasms, Multiple Primary'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.