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11/89. Concurrent cystic mediastinal lymphangioma and paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma.

    The current report describes a 23-month-old boy with paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma who was incidentally diagnosed as also having an isolated mediastinal cystic lymphangioma. The association of childhood rhabdomyosarcoma with various congenital anomalies and genetic alterations such as p53 mutations have been well known. However, mediastinal cystic lymphangioma has not been reported among the congenital anomalies diagnosed in rhabdomyosarcoma. Both rhabdomyosarcoma and lymphangioma originate from mesenchymal cells. This association may be coincidental or may point to a common genetic and/or developmental disorder of the mesencymal tissue.
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keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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12/89. Case of combined adrenal cortical adenoma and myelolipoma.

    We report a case of myelolipoma 10 mm in size within a functional cortical adenoma that was 33 x 22 x 17 mm in size. A 29-year-old woman was referred to hospital for transient hypertension. A right adrenal tumor was detected by computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Her cortisol levels indicated a loss of the normal diurnal pattern, and urinary 17-hydroxycorticosteroids was elevated. She underwent a right adrenalectomy under the diagnosis of adrenal adenoma with Cushing's syndrome. The tumor was fairly well encapsulated by a thin layer of connective tissue. The major tumor portion was composed of two distinct cell types, clear cells and eosinophilic cells, arranged in an alveolar structure. These findings were representative of cortical adenoma. The adrenal cortical adenoma centrally included well-demarcated adipose tissue admixed with scattered islands of myelopoietic elements: erythroblasts, myeloid cell series and lymphocytic cells, which was eventually recognized as myelolipoma. Recently, adrenal myelolipoma has commonly been found because of the ease of detecting it as an incidentaloma by CT scan or MRI. However, the present adrenal myelolipoma case is uncommon because it is combined with a functioning cortical adenoma. Only six similar cases have previously been reported in English and Japanese publications. Furthermore, in the present case, the myelolipoma formed a tumor nodule, and to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a radiographically recognizable tumor nodule. We discuss the etiology of myelolipoma and suggest that myelolipoma can develop in the course of endocrine hyperfunction.
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ranking = 0.00022005590730432
keywords = alveolar
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13/89. rhabdomyosarcoma coexistent with ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma: a case report.

    This report describes a case of ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma associated with rhabdomyosarcoma. Several cases of sarcoma-like mural nodules in ovarian mucinous tumor have been described previously, but only three well-documented cases of true sarcoma have been reported. The first case was a fibrosarcoma associated with a mucinous cystadenoma; the second was an undifferentiated sarcoma in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma; and the third was a fibrosarcoma occurring in a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. The occurrence of rhabdomyosarcoma in mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, as reported here, is to our knowledge the first case reported of this unusual combination of tumors.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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14/89. osteosarcoma with rhabdomyosarcomatous component or so-called malignant mesenchymoma of bone.

    BACKGROUND: Primary malignant mesenchymoma of the bone is a rare neoplasm consisting of two or more unrelated malignant mesenchymal components. The literature reports fewer than 20 cases, most of which were composed of osteosarcoma and liposarcoma. observation: We report an exceedingly rare case of primary malignant mesenchymoma of bone composed of rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, and a minor chondrosarcoma component, arising in the right proximal humerus of a 15-year-old girl. The rhabdomyosarcomatous component was present in the initial biopsy and persisted in surgical specimen following chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: Effect of chemotherapy is enigmatic since rhabdomyosarcomatous component could appear, persist or disappear after chemotherapy according to literature.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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15/89. ciliary body adenoma in a 10-year-old girl who had a rhabdomyosarcoma.

    A retrolenticular fibrovascular membrane occurred in the setting of a ciliary body mass in a 10-year-old black girl who had been successfully treated for a rhabdomyosarcoma of the lung. The results of a transscleral biopsy of the mass demonstrated it to be a pigmented adenoma of the ciliary body. A lensectomy and membranectomy were performed to aid in the follow-up and rehabilitation of the eye. At 9 months after surgery, the patient had 20/25 vision with no evidence of tumor growth. This case demonstrates an unusual cause of cyclitic membrane formation and suggests that transscleral biopsy may be a useful adjunct in the management of selected ciliary body masses.
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ranking = 0.625
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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16/89. Germline p53 mutation presenting as synchronous tumors.

    li-fraumeni syndrome and the LF-like syndrome, rare heritable conditions that predispose to the development of malignancy, are associated with germline mutations of the tumor suppressor gene p53. The authors describe a 14-month-old boy who presented with synchronous rhabdomyosarcoma and adrenal cortical carcinoma and a novel mutation of the p53 gene. Analysis of exons 2 through 11 of the p53 gene using the polymerase chain reaction and dna sequencing revealed a mutation of codon 273. Although codon 273 is a known hotspot region for p53 mutation, the patient's mutation, R273H, has not been associated with development of adrenal cortical carcinoma.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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17/89. Primary cutaneous carcinosarcoma arising in a patient with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCC) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by developmental abnormalities and neoplasms including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and sarcomas (i.e. leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma). Primary cutaneous carcinosarcoma (PCC), a rare tumor composed of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components, has never been previously described in association with this syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old Hispanic man with a history of NBCC presented with a 4 cm nodule on the right proximal medial thigh. PATHOLOGIC FINDINGS: Areas of typical BCC merged with intersecting fascicles of large atypical spindle cells that stained for vimentin and were negative for actin, desmin, CD-34, and S-100 protein. Scattered bizarre solitary cytokeratin-positive epithelioid cells were embedded within the fibrocytic proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: Several carcinosarcomas have been reported to contain BCC as the malignant epithelial component, but to our knowledge, this is the first report of PCC associated with NBCC. mutation in patched tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 9q occurs in BCCs of NBCC, and aberrancies on chromosome 9q are also reported in some carcinosarcomas. It is possible that the known genetic defect on chromosome 9 in this patient contributed to the development of carcinosarcoma. Bhattacharjee P, Leffell D, McNiff JM. Primary cutaneous carcinosarcoma arising in a patient with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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18/89. CGH evaluation of two de novo synchronous tumors in a child with a germline p53 mutation.

    We report the case of a child who developed two de novo synchronous tumors: an osteosarcoma and an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient was determined to be a de novo carrier of a P53 germline mutation. comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis revealed that each of the neoplasms was characterized by a specific set of chromosomal imbalances and high-level amplification (HLA) regions. Our CGH findings provide evidence that cancer development is a cellular/organ specific event.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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19/89. Second and third malignant solid tumor in a girl with ovarian Sertoli-Leydig tumor.

    We report a Sertoli-Leydig cell (SLC) tumor of the right ovary in a 10-year-old girl, which was dealt with surgical removal. Three months after resection, she presented with a new episode of acute abdomen because of an abdominal mass, which histologically was compatible with an undifferentiated embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Chemotherapy, according to SIOP-??? 89 protocol, was administered additionally to radiotherapy (3,960 cGy). Three years after completing treatment, the patient developed a painful swelling at her left upper arm. The diagnosis was Ewing sarcoma of the humerus, which was confirmed by identification of the typical 11; 22 translocation on cytogenetic and molecular analysis of the tumor tissue. The patient died 14 months from Ewing diagnosis due to progressive disease.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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20/89. rhabdomyosarcoma associated with familial adenomatous polyposis.

    We report a case of a 16 year old girl with orbital rhabdomyosarcoma who during chemotherapy developed bloody diarrhoea. On investigation she was found to have multiple colonic polyps. cytogenetic analysis has shown a pattern typical of familial adenomatous polyposis. We present a review of the literature concerning the associations of familial adenomatous polyposis. The association of familial adenomatous polyposis with rhabdomyosarcoma has not been previously reported.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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