Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/48. Synchronous oral leiomyosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

    An unusual case of synchronous squamous cell carcinoma and leiomyosarcoma of the oral cavity is reported in a patient without any identified environmental risk or predisposing factors. The invasive squamous cell carcinoma involved the tongue, whereas the leiomyosarcoma was located in the soft palate. No immunostaining was found for human papillomavirus or Epstein-Barr virus, and in situ hybridization showed negativity for human papillomavirus dna within the tumor cells. Alterations of bcl -2, c-erb -b2 and Rb oncoproteins were not found immunohistochemically. Overexpression of p53 was detected by immunohistochemistry in both tumors, but p53 gene mutations were not found by polymerase chain reaction. Neither loss of heterozygosity of p53 nor microsatellite instability was detected in this patient. The smooth muscle nature of the leiomyosarcoma was confirmed by immunohistochemical methods. To our knowledge, synchronous smooth muscle and epithelial oral tumors have not previously been reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/48. Multicentric glioma with unusual clinical presentation.

    Multiple glioma is a well-recognized but uncommon entity. They are grouped in two categories: multifocal and multicentric gliomas. Multifocal gliomas grow through dissemination along an established route, spreading through commissural pathways, CSF channels, or the blood or by local extension through satellite formation; at the opposite end of the spectrum, multicentric gliomas are widely separated lesions whose simultaneous presence cannot be attributed to any of the above pathways. Reports in the literature refer to single cases or small series of multicentric gliomas, almost always in adult patients, their occurrence in children being even less frequent. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with multicentric glioma, atypical acute clinical onset and fast growth of three other tumors in 8 months, and then discuss the problems of diagnosis and therapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/48. A malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumour in a patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1.

    loss of heterozygosity for polymorphic markers flanking the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) gene in parathyroid and pancreatic islet tumours from subjects with MEN-1 has been well documented and has led to the hypothesis that the MEN-1 gene functions as a recessive tumour suppressor gene. We report a case of MEN-1 with duodeno-pancreatic gastrinoma, parathyroid hyperplasia, pituitary adenoma, adrenal adenoma, and lipomas, whose rare association with a malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) represents an undescribed combination. MEN-1 mutation in this family was shown as a frameshift (1607delA) in exon 10. To assess the role of the MEN-1 gene in the pathogenesis of tumours less commonly associated with MEN-1, we studied GIST dna for loss of the unaffected MEN-1 gene allele. Stromal tumour and peripheral leucocyte DNAs from our patient were examined for loss of heterozygosity using the PYGM microsatellite polymorphism and an intragenic polymorphism (D418D in exon 9) in the MEN-1 gene. We showed no evidence for loss of the wild-type MEN-1 allele in GIST. The MEN-1 germline inactivating mutation 1607delA-ter558 in exon 10 was detected in the stromal tumour dna, but no somatic mutation in the wild-type MEN-1 allele in GIST dna was detected. Occurrence of GIST could be consistent with the possibility that this MEN-1-related uncommon neoplasm arose independently by a mechanism unrelated to the MEN-1 gene.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/48. Double cancers in the common bile duct: molecular genetic findings with an analysis of LOH.

    We report a 69-year-old man with double cancers in the common bile duct. One cancer was located between the superior and middle parts of the bile duct, while the other cancer was in the inferior part of the bile duct. pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy was performed. There was no communication between the two cancers in either the mucosal layer or the subepithelial layer. On pathological examination, the upper cancer was diagnosed as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, while the lower one was found to be moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma. We analyzed loss of heterozygosity (LOH), using microsatellite markers on five chromosomal arms, in both the upper and the lower cancers. Both cancers showed common regions of LOH at 5q, 6q, 9p, 17p, and 18q, whereas the upper cancer showed one additional region of LOH at 8p, thus suggesting progression, due to the acquisition of the additional LOH, in the upper cancer. No LOH was observed in the region between the two cancers. The presence of one additional LOH in the upper cancer suggests that the upper cancer was a metastasis of the lower one.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/48. Genetic alterations in poorly differentiated endocrine colon carcinomas developing in tubulo-villous adenomas: a report of two cases.

    The genetic study of two cases of tubulovillous adenoma associated with poorly differentiated endocrine carcinoma (PDEC) is reported. Aim of this work was to assess whether the exocrine and endocrine growths share a common genotype. The analysis entailed the search for allelic loss (LOH) or imbalances of polymorphic microsatellite markers at the corresponding chromosomal loci of the genes MEN-1 (11q13), p53 (17p13). Deleted in Colorectal Carcinoma (DCC) (18q21) and hMSH-2 (BAT26) (2p21-22). Additionally, the exons 5-8 of the p53 gene were sequenced in the two PDECs only. One of the two cases investigated showed LOH for 18q DCC markers in the tubulo-villous adenoma while a point mutation of the p53 gene was observed in the PDEC component. No genetic abnormality was observed in both adenoma and PDEC components of the other case. In the two cases p53 protein accumulation was observed in both PDEC and adenoma cells. These data indicate that only the p53 gene abnormality is shared by both colon cancer and PDEC in the two cases reported. The lack of other common genetic defect may suggest a different histogenesis for the two tumor types. The development of colon PDEC implies the defect of p53 gene.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/48. breast carcinoma metastasis within granulosa cell tumor of the ovary: morphologic, immunohistologic, and molecular analyses of the two different tumor cell populations.

    Gynecologic metastasis of breast carcinoma is not an infrequent event, but metastases within another tumor is very rare. We report a case of unilateral ovarian tumor arising in a 63-year-old woman receiving tamoxifen therapy with a past history of breast carcinoma. The microscopic appearance was principally that of a granulosa cell tumor, but the presence of atypical cells closely admixed within the classical areas was reminiscent of metastasis from breast carcinoma. The diagnosis of this first reported case of breast carcinoma metastasis within granulosa cell tumor was supported by immunohistologic analysis. The diagnosis of tumor-to-tumor metastasis was also confirmed by molecular study using microdissections of samples from the initial breast tumor and from the subsequent ovarian tumor. When compared with normal tissue, carcinomatous cells in the breast tissue exhibited genomic abnormality at the same locus as the metastatic cells in the ovary. In contrast, granulosa cell tumor areas did not show any loss of heterozygosity or instability for the microsatellites analyzed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/48. Synchronous triple cancers at middle and lower esophagus and stomach with different histological features and genetic alterations.

    Synchronous multiple primary malignancies are relatively unusual. We describe a case of synchronous triple cancers located at the middle and lower esophagus and the stomach in a 59-year-old Taiwanese man who presented with progressive dysphagia, epigastralgia, and bodyweight loss in 1 month. Endoscopic and histological features, microsatellite instability status of genomic dna, and immunohistochemical staining of p53, MUC2, Fhit, c-erbB-2 and E-cadherin of all three cancers were demonstrated. We noted that these three cancers arose from different clones and that p53 mutation, instead of microsatellite instability, may play a major role in the development of multiple primary malignancies in this patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/48. A tumour with a neuroendocrine and papillary serous component: two or a pair?

    AIMS: To examine the clonal origin of a tumour, made up of a neuroendocrine component and a papillary serous component by comparing the pattern of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and the immunohistochemical protein expression of both components. methods/RESULTS: A 70 year old woman, known to have a metastasised neuroendocrine carcinoma, underwent resection of the distal part of the ileum because of obstruction by a mesenterial mass. The macroscopically homogeneous mesenterial mass consisted histologically of an admixture of a neuroendocrine component and a papillary serous carcinoma. loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis of both components with a panel of 15 polymorphic microsatellite markers showed a distinctive pattern of LOH, and both components showed LOH on chromosome 4q and 17, but involving different alleles at the same locus. Moreover, both components showed different immunohistochemical staining patterns for neuroendocrine markers, cytokeratin 7, carcinoembryonic antigen, and CA125. CONCLUSION: Both LOH analysis of the neuroendocrine and papillary serous components of this tumour and the immunohistochemical profile of both components are consistent with a different clonal origin. The tumour is probably a collision tumour, in which the papillary serous carcinoma must have been of peritoneal origin because necropsy revealed a normal uterus and normal ovaries.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/48. association of chromium exposure with multiple primary cancers in the nasal cavity.

    A 56-year-old man who had worked at a chromate factory for 13 years developed squamous cell carcinoma of the left nasal cavity 11 years after retirement. He received intra-arterial chemotherapy, followed by surgery. Two years later, an adenocarcinoma was identified in the same nasal cavity just above the previous surgical region. He underwent medial maxillectomy in combination with postoperative irradiation. He has been disease free for 5 years after the second surgery. Microsatellite markers were examined in the second tumor specimen as a possible factor for carcinogenesis; however, replication errors were not observed in any of four loci (D2S123, D3S1067, TP53, D18S474) tested. The present case seems to have resulted from long-term exposure to chromium and, to our knowledge, is the first reported case with multiple primary cancers in the nasal cavity associated with chromium exposure.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/48. Immunocytochemistry versus molecular fingerprinting of metastases.

    Examination of cytological samples of cancer to suggest a possible primary site of origin is one of the commonest and most difficult tasks of diagnostic cytopathologists. Currently, both cytomorphology and immunocytochemistry are the main approaches to this diagnostic dilemma. We report the application of microsatellite analysis in cytological samples in a patient with a primary colonic tumour and two subsequent lung nodules, which were suspected on CT scans of the chest, and compared the findings with those obtained with conventional immunocytochemistry. The molecular results were in agreement with the radiological impression and conflicted with the immunocytochemistry. We conclude that immunocytochemical and molecular biology approaches to the diagnosis of tumours may give rise to contradictory results.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = satellite
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Neoplasms, Multiple Primary'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.