Cases reported "Neoplasms"

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1/1327. Pericardial heart disease: a study of its causes, consequences, and morphologic features.

    This report reviews morphologic aspects of pericardial heart disease. A morphologic classification for this condition is presented. An ideal classification of pericardial heart disease obviously would take into account clinical, etiologic and morphologic features of this condition but a single classification combining these three components is lacking. Pericardial heart disease is relatively uncommon clinically, and when present at necropsy it usually had not been recognized during life. The term "pericarditis" is inaccurate because most pericardial diseases are noninflammatory in nature. Morphologically chronic pericardial heart disease may present clinically as an acute illness. Even when clinical symptoms are present, however, few patients develop evidence of cardiac dysfunction (constriction). When pericardial constriction occurs, it is the result of increased pericardial fluid or increased pericardial tissue or both. Increased fluid is treated by drainage; increased tissue is treated by excision. In most patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis the etiology is not apparent even after histologic examination of pericardia. ( info)

2/1327. Clinical value of protein-bound fucose in patients with carcinoma and other diseases.

    Protein-bound fucose content in sera from normal persons and patients with various malignant and non-malignant diseases was measured and statistically analyzed. Normal serum gave a mean value of 6.84 /- 0.13 mg/100 ml, and rarely exceeded 9 mg/100 ml. Although no significant difference was found between sexes, there was a tendency of fucose content to decrease in older persons. It was noted that more than 90% of cancer-bearing patients have significantly higher level than critical value (9 mg/100 ml), while only 8.7% of patients with benign tumor showed positive result. These results were not limited to special organs but in common to all cases studied. The elevation of serum fucose content in malignant tumor was well correlated with its stages of progression, though the levels were less significant in early and in rather locally restricted breast and thyroid cancer. Serial postoperative follow-up study showed that the levels in serum fucose content was a useful parameter for judging the effectiveness of therapy and the prognosis of the patient. The fucose content in malignant tumor tissue and metastasized lymph node appeared to be significantly elevated than that in normal tissue. The practical usage and limitation of the fucose value in various diseases, together with a possible source of serum fucose were discussed. ( info)

3/1327. Combined simultaneous radiotherapy and chemotherapy for treatment of unresectable and/or metastatic cancer.

    The present program was started in 1971 and is being conducted as a probing study. We believe that the only conclusion that can be drawn thus far is that, by utilizing the conventional cobalt therapy and chemotherapy together, there has been no increase in morbidity or mortality. The patients appear to have tolerated this therapy well on an out-patient basis with hospitalization only being needed occasionally. By the time the radiotherapist and/or chemotherapist sees the patient, the cancer is usually systemic. Therefore, a combined approach should be seriously considered since we have found that the patients tolerate this program well. The authors also feel that there has been an improvement, thus far, in terms of completion and duration of response. Further studies are currently being carried out in order to arrive at a more satisfactory statistical conclusion. ( info)

4/1327. Experiences with high dose radiopeptide therapy: the health physics perspective.

    One of the new, promising areas of nuclear medicine involves radiolabeled low-molecular-weight peptides for the diagnosis and management of cancer. somatostatin analogous peptides bind to membrane receptors on tumors with high specificity. These analogues, when radiolabeled with 123I, 131I, 99mTc, or (111)In, allow for external scintigraphic imaging or radioguided surgical resection of tumors. somatostatin analogues with high tumor binding affinity have also been used for high-dose radiotherapy at the Medical Center of louisiana since 1994. Although we had extensive prior experience with relatively high-dose 131I administration for thyroid ablation, our personnel protection, contamination control, and other safety techniques required significant modification to ensure effective contamination and radiation exposure control. As therapy with radiolabeled peptides becomes more widely utilized, the controls developed at our institution may be implemented by others to maintain exposures ALARA. ( info)

5/1327. Osteopenia in the patient with cancer.

    Osteopenia is defined as a reduction in bone mass. It is commonly known to occur in elderly people or women who are postmenopausal due to hormonal imbalances. This condition, however, can result because of many other factors, such as poor nutrition, prolonged pharmacological intervention, disease, and decreased mobility. Because patients with cancer experience many of these factors, they are often predisposed to osteopenia. Currently, patients with cancer are living longer and leading more fulfilling lives after treatment. Therefore, it is imperative that therapists who are responsible for these patients understand the risk factors for osteopenia and their relevance to a patient with cancer. ( info)

6/1327. Invasive infections due to Clavispora lusitaniae.

    Three cases of Clavispora lusitaniae invasive fungal infections are reported. All three infections appeared in cancer patients presented with fungaemia, one additionally with meningitis. Two of them were breakthrough -- they developed during therapy with conventional amphotericin b with a dose of 0.5 mg kg(-1) day(-1) . All three were cured: two with intravenous fluconazol and one with an increasing dose (1 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) of amphotericin b. In one of two breakthrough cases the sensitivity of the strain to antifungals was tested against antifungal agents and showed in vitro resistance to amphotericin b (MIC 2 eta g ml(-1)). ( info)

7/1327. candida dubliniensis candidemia in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia and bone marrow transplantation.

    The recently described species candida dubliniensis has been recovered primarily from superficial oral candidiasis in hiv-infected patients. No clinically documented invasive infections were reported until now in this patient group or in other immunocompromised patients. We report three cases of candidemia due to this newly emerging candida species in hiv-negative patients with chemotherapy-induced immunosuppression and bone marrow transplantation. ( info)

8/1327. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed. ( info)

9/1327. Therapeutic use of storytelling for older children who are critically ill.

    Like play, a story can be functional and therapeutic in the care of children dealing with chronic illnesses such as cancer, even when patients' courses prove terminal. Examples include both oral telling and reading of stories, picturebooks, novels and accounts of natural phenomena, as well as children;s recounting of desires and fantasies. The field of therapeutic stories offers unlimited opportunities for both practitioner and parent to learn better ways to support children's own inner processes of imagination and motivation, to strengthen and to provide comfort. ( info)

10/1327. Working with children of cancer patients.

    Through the use of verbal and nonverbal techniques, a social worker and music therapist have combined their fields into an integral therapeutic modality to provide patients with cancer and their children opportunities to experience intimacy in a time of crisis. Skilled verbal interventions and the sensitive application of the expressive and less threatening medium of music create a relaxed environment where families and patients may explore deeply and express freely. ( info)
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