Cases reported "Neoplasms"

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11/1327. Old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle. A report of seven cases.

    Seven cases of old total rupture of the adductor longus muscle are described. Five patients were referred with the suspicion of a soft tissue tumour. Six patients reported an adequate trauma when thoroughly questioned; four of them had sustained the injury while playing soccer; the seventh patient could not recall any trauma. The diagnosis of this lesion is discussed. ( info)

12/1327. Extracorporeal granulocytapheresis for cancer and rheumatoid arthritis.

    In cancer and rheumatoid arthritis, granulocytosis is often observed and indicates the progress of disease. We developed a granulocytapheresis system to permit granulocyte reduction. cellulose acetate was found to be a selective and effective adsorbent. In an in vivo study using an acetate bead column, 9.2 x 10(8) leukocytes were collected. Initially, granulocytapheresis was applied to terminal patients or those with stage IV cancer. pain, cough and bloody sputum were reduced in spite of no decrease in tumor size. Granulocytapheresis appears to prevent inflammatory damage in or around the tumor site. This granulocyte reduction technique was also applied to patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The Lansbury index markedly improved after treatment. As cytokines and adhesion molecules might contribute to symptoms, granulocytapheresis may be useful in improving the "quality of life" in these diseases. ( info)

13/1327. A unique case of vibroacoustic disease: a tribute to an extraordinary patient.

    This paper describes the case of a patient, Mr. A, who died in 1987. The information provided by Mr. A in life, and his insistence on making a will demanding an autopsy on his death, has given us invaluable data on Vibroacoustic Disease (VAD). Mr. A was an intellectually curious man who researched the medical literature related to his condition, and compared it to his own experience. He would describe all his sensations during his many epileptic seizures. Solely because of the results of Mr. A's autopsy, new avenues of research were initiated. These have led to new concepts and exciting new perspectives on noise-induced extraaural pathology. VAD is today a well-established and easily diagnosed entity. This paper is a tribute to Mr. A, in whose honor we have an on-going commitment to establish VAD as an occupational disease, reimbursable by Worker's Compensation. ( info)

14/1327. Onychomatricoma.

    We report a case of onychomatricoma, which is a rare benign tumour originating in the germinal matrix of the nail. The diagnosis can be made on the typical clinical findings and confirmed by histology. Complete excision is the treatment of choice. ( info)

15/1327. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in hawaii cancer patients.

    This research investigated complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by Hawai'i cancer patients. Thirty-six percent of patients used CAM, most commonly religious/spiritual therapy and herbal treatments. CAM use was linked with younger age, female gender, Catholic religion, and more education. More research is needed to inform decision-making. ( info)

16/1327. Malignancies in pediatric patients with ataxia telangiectasia.

    BACKGROUND: patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), known to have an inherent increased susceptibility to the development of cancer, may present with malignancies that are unusual for the patient's age, are often difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically and respond poorly to conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND methods: We reviewed the clinical presentation and imaging studies of 12 AT patients who developed malignancies. RESULTS: Eight of the twelve patients developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (CNS, thorax, bone), two developed Hodgkin's disease, and two were diagnosed with gastrointestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: The lymphomas were commonly extra nodal, and infiltrative rather than mass-like. The recognition of the tumors was often delayed due to confusion with the known infectious complications in AT patients. ( info)

17/1327. Low-dose ketamine in the management of opioid nonresponsive terminal cancer pain.

    Two patients with far-advanced cancer, near death, who were experiencing excruciating and intractable pain that was poorly responsive to rapidly escalating doses of morphine and hydromorphone were treated with low-dose intravenous ketamine (0.1-0.2 mg/kg). This intervention eliminated the need for any further opioid use, providing profound analgesia and a sense of calm during the last hours and days of these patients' lives. These case reports add to the small but growing body of clinical literature suggesting that ketamine may have a significant place in the care of patients with pain that is poorly responsive to opioids, or who experience dose-limiting adverse effects, near the end of life. This is an important matter to disseminate in order to reassure the public that we do have the tools necessary to keep the promise that no one need die with uncontrolled pain. This therapeutic approach may also serve to reassure concerned physicians that their efforts to assure pain relief may not be misconstrued as hastening death. ( info)

18/1327. Potential uses of topical opioids in palliative care--report of 6 cases.

    Opioids used topically may exercise several useful clinical effects. Opioids may cause immediate local analgesia and also may work indirectly through decreasing the inflammation process. In this article we describe six patients treated with topical opioids because of cutaneous pain due to tumor infiltration. skin ulcers of malignant and non-malignant origin, severe oral mucositis, pain due to knee arthrosis and severe tenesmoid pain. In all but one case, topical morphine provided rapid relief which lasted usually for 7-8 h. The side effects of topical opioids were none or minimal. Possible mechanisms of topical analgesia are discussed. ( info)

19/1327. Beneficial treatment of patients with advanced cancer using a newcastle disease virus vaccine (MTH-68/H).

    newcastle disease virus Vaccine (MTH-68/H) was administered to patients suffering from advanced neoplastic diseases after non-efficient tumor-destructive treatment. case reports of selected patients suggest promising effects of this treatment. A prospectively-randomized clinical study (phase III; in accordance with Good Clinical Practice, GCP) was proposed to confirm these results and is currently under consideration. ( info)

20/1327. Pericardial tamponade: an oncologic emergency.

    Malignant disease is the most common cause of pericardial tamponade. Cardiovascular collapse and death are realistic endpoints of this condition. Early detection and proper management are critical for favorable patient outcomes. nurses have the ability to observe the clinical signs and symptoms of pericardial tamponade. Astute observation of these clues and prompt attention to patient management can save the lives of many patients. ( info)
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