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1/92. Bowel obstruction caused by dislocation of a suprapubic catheter.

    In patients with a suprapubic catheter, the differential diagnosis of acute lower abdominal pain must include a possible dislocation of this device. We report a case that illustrates such a complication, leading to bowel obstruction in our patient.
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keywords = obstruction
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2/92. intussusception in infants: an emergency in diagnosis and treatment.

    intussusception is an important cause of intestinal obstruction and bowel necrosis in infants under 2 years. Most frequently the ileocaecal junction is involved. Various aetiologic factors, such as Meckel's diverticulum and lymphoid hyperplasia have been identified. Hydrostatic reduction of the intussusception should be attempted, but delay in diagnosis frequently leads to surgical intervention, because of failing reduction. We report a case of a 4-month-old boy whose ileocaecal junction was intussuscepted into the rectum, and therefore could be palpated by rectal examination. Unsuccessful hydrostatic reduction and bowel necrosis because of delay in diagnosis, made surgical intervention necessary. A terminal ileostomy was performed. A second case report considers a 10-month-old boy whose ileocaecal junction was intussuscepted into the colon sigmoideum. Because there was no delay in diagnosis, this intussusception could be reduced hydrostatically. The procedure however was difficult because of a dolichosigmoideum. Recent literature is also reviewed.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = obstruction
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3/92. Abdominal distention and shock in an infant.

    Acute abdominal distention in the pediatric patient may be attributable to extraperitoneal fluid, masses, organomegaly, air, an ileus, a functional or mechanical bowel obstruction, or injury and blood secondary to trauma. An infant who presents to the emergency department with acute abdominal distention and shock is a true emergency for which the differential diagnosis is extensive. An unusual case of abdominal distention, ascites, hematochezia, and shock in an infant, subsequently found to have spontaneous perforation of the common bile duct is reported. This uncommon cause of abdominal distention and shock in an infant is many times left out of the differential diagnosis of an acute abdomen. The presentation may be as an uncommon acute form or a classis subacute type. This patient had hematochezia, which had not been previously reported in association with this entity. Failure to recognize and treat an acute abdomen can result in high mortality.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = obstruction
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4/92. Perforated jejunal diverticulitis as a rare cause of acute abdomen.

    Jejunal diverticula is rare and in most cases without any symptoms. They become clinically relevant when complications, such as diverticulitis, malabsorption caused by bacterial overgrowth, intestinal hemorrhage, or obstruction, occur. In this case report a case of perforated jejunal diverticulitis is presented and the problems in finding the correct diagnosis are discussed.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = obstruction
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5/92. Case report: portal vein thrombosis associated with hereditary protein c deficiency: a report of two cases.

    protein c deficiency is one of the causes of curable or preventable portal vein thrombosis. We report two patients of portal vein thrombosis associated with hereditary protein c deficiency. The first patient presented with continuous right upper quadrant pain and high fever. The abdominal sonography revealed normal liver parenchyma but portal vein and superior mesenteric vein thrombosis. Based on a 55% (normal 70-140%) plasma protein C level, he was diagnosed as having protein c deficiency. A trace of his family history showed that his elder brother also had protein c deficiency with a 50% plasma C level. Both patients received anticoagulant therapy. The younger brother showed good response. Unfortunately, the elder one suffered from recurrent episodes of variceal bleeding and received a life-saving splenectomy and devascularization. We herein remind clinicians that early screening and therapy are helpful in preventing late complications of protein c deficiency with portal vein thrombosis.
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ranking = 3.5860770555635
keywords = superior, thrombosis
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6/92. Acute abdominal complications of coeliac disease.

    Two rare complications of coeliac disease are described in patients who presented as acute abdominal emergencies. One of the patients had both oesophageal and small intestinal obstruction produced by an ulcerative process involving these portions of the gastro-intestinal tract. The other, a patient with long standing dermatitis herpetiformis, perforated his small intestine at a site involved by both a lymphoma and partial villous atrophy.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = obstruction
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7/92. intestinal obstruction caused by an ectopic fallopian tube in a child: case report and literature review.

    The authors present the case of a prepubertal 14-year-old girl who was admitted for an acute abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting. She was in a poor general state, having recently suffered a weight loss of 5 kg. A plain abdominal x-ray disclosed signs of mechanical ileus. An abdominal ultrasound scan showed a normal uterus, a normal right-sided ovary, but no left ovary. An emergency laparoscopy found a normal uterus with complete absence of the left ovary and salpinx, the upper left dome of the uterus being smooth with no visible horn. The right ovary and salpinx were normal. intestinal obstruction was caused by a strangulating cordlike structure of unclear origin. After converting to a laparotomy, we found an abnormal fallopian tube inserted in the left parieto-colic groove. The tube extended next on the lateral sigmoid mesentery and wrapped itself around the ileum, provoking a local strangulation and an ischemic covered bowel perforation. The bowel perforation was treated by a segmental bowel resection. Careful dissection of the cordlike structure disclosed a true rudimentary fallopian tube with hypotrophic fimbriae and a small distal round structure containing ovarian tissue. These structures were removed entirely. A review of the literature on this rare situation is presented and discussed.
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8/92. Jejunal obstruction and perforation resulting from herniation through broad ligament.

    Internal herniation of small bowel through broad ligament causing obstruction is rare. A case of jejunal herniation through broad ligament defect with resultant obstruction and perforation is presented.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = obstruction
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9/92. Ruptured aneurysm of the visceral artery: report of two cases.

    We present herein two cases of a ruptured aneurysm of the visceral artery. The first case involved a 74-year-old man with abdominal pain who was admitted to our hospital with a tentative diagnosis of intra-abdominal bleeding of unknown origin. Computed tomography revealed a hematoma in the greater curvature of the stomach. At surgery, a hematoma along the right gastroepiploic artery was found and totally removed. Histological examination showed a pseudo-aneurysm of unknown etiology. The second case involved a 68-year-old man with progressive anemia who presented with spontaneous intra-abdominal bleeding. A ruptured aneurysm of the accessory middle colic artery was diagnosed by superior mesenteric angiography. The ruptured aneurysm was ligated and totally resected without a colectomy. Histological examination showed a pseudoaneurysm of unknown etiology. The postoperative courses were uneventful, and both patients were doing well at the time of writing.
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ranking = 0.81510438225485
keywords = superior
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10/92. Acute abdomen caused by salmonella typhimurium infection in children.

    Salmonella spp. infections can be particularly challenging when they manifest as acute abdominal problems and lead to emergency surgery. Examples of such serious conditions are Salmonella-related intestinal perforation, gallbladder involvement, salpingitis, and peritonitis. mesenteric lymphadenitis associated with salmonella typhimurium mimics acute appendicitis and can make it difficult to establish a timely and definitive diagnosis in young patients who present with right lower abdominal pain. Paralytic ileus is a fairly common manifestation of Salmonella infection at all ages, but complete intestinal obstruction requiring surgical intervention is very rare. Because of the nature of the diagnostic process, a significant number of patients with Salmonella infection present with acute abdomen and undergo needless operations. This report describes the cases of 2 pediatric patients who underwent surgery to address persistent pain in the right lower abdominal quadrant and complete intestinal obstruction, respectively. The first patient had inflamed mesenteric lymph nodes that caused appendicitislike symptoms, and the second had dense adhesions between the mesentery and the terminal segments of the ileum that led to intestinal blockage. serology results showed that both patients' titers for BO ("B and O agglutinating [BO]") antibodies rose to 1:640 in the week after their admission to hospital, a pattern and level that is indicative of S typhimurium infection. J Pediatr Surg 36:1849-1852.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = obstruction
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