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1/346. Compression neuropathy following brachial arterial puncture in anticoagulated patients.

    1) Seven patients were seen and treated over a 1-year span with forearm hematoma and median nerve neuropathy following brachial artery puncture. All seven were anticoagulated. 2) A careful examination established the diagnosis. Prompt operative intervention is recommended. 3) The brachial artery should be avoided as a source for arterial blood gas sampling in the anticoagulated patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy
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2/346. sural nerve entrapment after injury to the gastrocnemius: a case report.

    A 43-year-old man developed progressive calf pain and paresthesias after a strain of the right gastrocnemius muscle. physical examination revealed sensory loss in the distribution of the sural nerve with a positive Tinel's sign in the posterior calf in the region of his previous injury. Electrodiagnostic studies revealed prolongation of the sural distal latency with reduction of the sensory nerve action potential amplitude. magnetic resonance imaging of the lower right leg demonstrated abnormal signal in the right medial gastrocnemius consistent with a subacute hematoma. Surgical exploration revealed entrapment of the sural nerve in scar tissue beneath the deep fascia of the gastrocnemius. Surgical release of the nerve resulted in complete resolution of symptoms and full return of sensation by the 3-month follow-up point. A brief review of the literature is presented.
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ranking = 2.0599089281532E-5
keywords = deep
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3/346. femoral neuropathy during anticoagulant therapy.

    Ten cases of acute femoral neuropathy complicating anticoagulant therapy were followed over periods of 1 to 5 years. Most patients had either sensory or motor residual symptoms, but the two patients who had early surgical intervention made rapid recoveries. The danger of parenteral injections or minor trauma to the abdomen, buttocks, or thighs in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy is emphasized.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy
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4/346. Anterior interosseous nerve compression after supracondylar fracture of the humerus: a metaanalysis.

    OBJECT: The authors conducted a metaanalysis of reports of anterior interosseous nerve syndrome, a rare nerve compression neuropathy that affects only the motor branch of the median nerve. This syndrome is characterized by paralysis of the flexor pollicis longus, the flexor digitorum profundus to the index finger, and the pronator quadratus, with weakness on flexion of the interphalangeal joint of the thumb and the distal interphalangeal joint of the index finger without sensory loss. methods: The authors reviewed reports of 34 cases of anterior interosseous nerve syndrome combined with supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. They have added a new case identified in a 7-year-old boy in whom a diagnosis was made from the clinical findings and whose treatment and outcome are analyzed. The ages of patients reported in the literature ranged from 4 to 10 years. Ten patients (29%) were treated with closed reduction and application of a cast, whereas 25 patients (71%) were treated with open reduction and fixation of the fracture. CONCLUSIONS: All patients regained full flexion and strength after 4 to 17 weeks. The fractures that were surgically treated showed no entrapment of the anterior interosseous nerve.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neuropathy
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5/346. Suprascapular neuropathy related to a glenohumeral joint cyst.

    A man with shoulder pain and complaints of weakness had examination findings consistent with a suprascapular neuropathy with predominant involvement of the infraspinatus muscle. Electrodiagnostic studies confirmed an axon-loss suprascapular neuropathy with greater involvement of the infraspinatus muscle. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a large ganglion cyst originating from the glenohumeral joint. The clinical, electrodiagnostic, and radiologic evaluation of suprascapular neuropathy is discussed.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = neuropathy
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6/346. Tack entrapment of the ilioinguinal nerve during laparoscopic hernia repair.

    Nerve injury has a reported incidence of 2% during laparoscopic hernia repair. These injuries usually involve the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve and the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh. Recently, in an effort to decrease the size of the port sites, surgeons have been using 5-mm tacking devices. These devices penetrate tissue more deeply and in so doing may injure nerves not classically at risk, such as the ilioinguinal and the iliohypogastric. We report the first documented injury to the ilioinguinal nerve during laparoscopic hernia repair. In addition, we review the anatomy and technique in an effort to help avoid this complication in the future.
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ranking = 2.0599089281532E-5
keywords = deep
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7/346. Quadrangular space syndrome associated with superficial radial sensory neuropathy.

    Compression of the axillary nerve in the quadrangular space is an unusual cause of pain and paresthesia of the upper extremity. In this report, the authors present a patient with a 1-year history of an undiagnosed axillary nerve compression associated with radial sensory neuropathy who improved after surgical decompression of the quadrangular space.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy
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8/346. Paralabral cyst: an unusual cause of quadrilateral space syndrome.

    A paralabral cyst arising from a detached inferior glenoid labral tear was shown by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to dissect into the quadrilateral space, resulting in a compressive neuropathy of the axillary nerve. Three consecutive MRI examinations were performed over a 5-year period in a 47-year-old man with a long history of worsening shoulder pain. The MRI examinations revealed a slowly enlarging paralabral cyst extending into the quadrilateral space with progressive atrophy of the teres minor muscle.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neuropathy
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9/346. Sonographic detection of radial nerve entrapment within a humerus fracture.

    radial neuropathy is frequently associated with fracture of the middle third of the humerus owing to the course of the nerve adjacent to the humeral shaft. The prevalence varies from 2 to 18% of humeral fractures. The therapeutic management is still controversial. Some authors recommend initial surgical exploration, whereas others prefer observation and intervention only if the injured nerve failed to recover after a period of more than 4 months. According to the literature, verification of an entrapped radial nerve in a fracture gap requires surgical exploration, but diagnostic tools to verify the existence of a pathologic condition are limited. We describe the sonographic findings of an entrapped radial nerve and review the literature regarding diagnosis and treatment of entrapped radial nerve in cases of humeral fracture.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neuropathy
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10/346. femoral neuropathy following cardiac catheterization for balloon mitral valvotomy.

    femoral neuropathy is a very rare complication of cardiac catheterization. We report an adult female who developed femoral neuropathy after undergoing cardiac catheterization through femoral vein for balloon mitral valvotomy. Neuropathy was confirmed by electromyography and nerve conduction studies and the patient showed spontaneous recovery over a course of 6 months. Use of prolonged digital pressure for post-procedural hemostasis is implicated as possible etiology. Such complications can be prevented by minimising the procedural time, avoiding injury to the vessels and maintaining optimal posture of patient's thigh by limiting abduction and external rotation of hip.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = neuropathy
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