Cases reported "Nervous System Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/300. Long-chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency neuropathy: response to cod liver oil.

    Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) deficiency has recently been documented in several children with long-chain L-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme a dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHADD). We studied a 13-year-old boy with LCHADD who had limb girdle myopathy, recurrent myoglobinuria, and progressive sensorimotor axonopathy with demyelination. At 11 years of age, he was started on cod liver oil extract, high in DHA content. Over 12 months, he demonstrated a marked clinical recovery. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) demonstrated reappearance of previously absent posterior tibial and peroneal nerve responses and the amplitudes on motor ulnar and median NCS markedly increased from 7- to 14-fold, respectively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/300. Acute inflammatory neuropathy in charcot-marie-tooth disease.

    The authors report an association between acute inflammatory neuropathy and previously undiagnosed Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A disease in a 15-year-old girl. sural nerve biopsy study showed hypertrophic neuropathy with endoneurial infiltrates of macrophages and lymphocytes. This association may be coincidental, but a particular susceptibility to damage of these peripheral nerves cannot be excluded. This report confirms the importance of pes cavus as a sign of long-standing sensorimotor neuropathy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.75
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/300. charcot-marie-tooth disease type I diagnosed in a 5-year-old boy after vincristine neurotoxicity, resulting in maternal diagnosis.

    charcot-marie-tooth disease type 1, also known as hereditary motor sensory neuropathy type 1, is an uncommon autosomal dominant disease that causes destruction of peripheral nerves with a varied clinical course, but often leads to muscle weakness. If the peroneal muscle is involved, the patient may develop a characteristic slapping gait. The dose-limiting side effect of the chemotherapeutic agent vincristine is usually its neurotoxicity. We report the case of a 5-year-old patient with leukemia who developed an acute polyneuropathy after treatment with vincristine. charcot-marie-tooth disease type 1 was diagnosed in the patient and, subsequently, in his mother only after vincristine toxicity was observed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/300. Can immunoadsorption plasmapheresis be used as the first choice therapy for neuroimmunological disorders?

    The subjects were 31 patients in whom immunoadsorption plasmapheresis (IAPP) was performed as the first choice therapy for primary or recurrent neuroimmunological disorders. The clinical manifestations before and after IAPP and the use of corticosteroids were investigated in the present study. IAPP was clinically effective in all patients. The corticosteroids (CSs) administration was begun or CSs were increased after completion of IAPP in 11 patients. IAPP was performed as the first choice therapy, and favorable results were obtained in patients with guillain-barre syndrome and Miller-Fisher syndrome. IAPP alone was also effective in a patient with lupoid sclerosis. When IAPP was used alone in 2 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, it completely eliminated the clinical manifestations, but the symptoms recurred about 2 months later. Therefore, although IAPP could be performed as the first choice therapy for many neuroimmunological disorders, subsequent therapies should be carefully investigated.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/300. Liver disease in Navajo neuropathy.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and histologic features of liver disease in infants and children with Navajo neuropathy (NN). methods: physicians at Navajo Area Indian health Service facilities and neurologists and gastroenterologists at regional referral hospitals were surveyed for identification of patients born between 1980 and 1994 with known or suspected NN. Clinical records and liver histologic findings were reviewed. RESULTS: Liver disease was present in all children with NN. Three clinical phenotypes of NN were observed, based on age at presentation and course: infantile NN presented in 5 infants before 6 months of age with jaundice and failure to thrive and progressed to liver failure before 2 years of age; childhood NN presented in 6 children between 1 and 5 years of age with liver dysfunction, which progressed to liver failure and death within 6 months; and classical NN presented in 9 children with variable onset of liver disease but progressive neurologic deterioration. Liver histologic findings were characterized by multinucleate giant cells, macrovesicular and microvesicular steatosis, pseudo-acini, inflammation, cholestasis, and bridging fibrosis and cirrhosis. Cases of all 3 phenotypes occurred within the same kindred. CONCLUSIONS: Liver disease is an important component of NN and may be the predominant feature in infants and young children. We propose changing the name of this disease to Navajo neurohepatopathy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.25
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/300. Methyl-prednisolone in neurologic complications of Mycoplasma pneumonia.

    In patients with Mycoplasma pneumonia extrapulmonary manifestations such as encephalitis, meningitis, cerebellar and brain stem involvement, cranial nerve lesions, peripheral neuropathy, polymyositis have been observed. We report a 16-year-old girl with M. pneumonia infection, acute behavioral changes and coma. Treatment with high dose methyl-prednisolone and clarithromycin led to rapid clinical improvement.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/300. Neurological accidents caused by repetitive breath-hold dives: two case reports.

    We report two Japanese male professional breath-hold divers (33 and 39 years of age) who experienced neurological disorders during repetitive dives to over 20 m of seawater. One patient had right homonymous hemianopsia, and the other presented with right hemiparesis with facial involvement and sensory deficit. In addition, they each had a history of neurological problems following such dives. Magnetic resonance images of their brains disclosed multiple T2-weighted hyperintensities corresponding to their neurological symptoms. Their brain lesions suggest a multiple cerebral infarction caused by occlusion of the cerebral arteries. We conclude that the repetitive deep breath-hold dives induced the brain involvement.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.1990438332278E-6
keywords = deep
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/300. Neurological symptoms in patients whose cerebrospinal fluid is culture- and/or polymerase chain reaction-positive for mycoplasma pneumoniae.

    We describe 13 patients with neurological signs and symptoms associated with mycoplasma pneumoniae infection. M. pneumoniae was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 9 patients: 5 with meningoencephalitis, 2 with meningitis, and 1 with cerebrovascular infarction. One patient had headache and difficulties with concentration and thinking for 1 month after the acute infection. M. pneumoniae was detected, by means of PCR, in the CSF of 4 patients with negative culture results. Two had epileptic seizures, 1 had blurred vision as a consequence of edema of the optic disk, and 1 had peripheral nerve neuropathy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/300. Fatal infantile X-linked neuropathy.

    We report a pedigree with severe X-linked neuropathy that occurs in male infants and results in death, typically by 2 years of age. The proband of our report was weak with preserved mentation. He underwent extensive evaluation, which revealed abnormal nerve conduction studies, neurogenic changes on muscle biopsy, a decreased number of large myelinated fibers and rare onion bulb formations on nerve biopsy, negative gene testing for spinal muscular atrophy, CMT1a, and CMTX1 and a normal brain magnetic resonance image. The proband's mother, an obligate carrier, had normal nerve conduction studies. male infants with a spinal muscular atrophy phenotype but normal genetic studies should be evaluated for this fatal X-linked neuropathy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/300. mtDNA analysis of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy associated with spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia.

    A patient was diagnosed in 1974 with the unique combination of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) and spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia. The entire mitochondrial dna (mtDNA) sequence from this patient was determined in order to identify candidate pathogenic mutations. The patient's mtDNA carried the LHON mutation at nucleotide 14484, thus elucidating the etiology of his optic neuropathy. We also identified another ND6 mutation at nucleotide 14420. This latter mutation is probably a clinically benign private polymorphism, although a pathogenic role in his skeletal abnormalities or in his optic neuropathy cannot yet be ruled out.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.75
keywords = neuropathy
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Nervous System Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.