Cases reported "Neurilemmoma"

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1/405. Plexiform schwannoma of the neck extending deeply to the mediastinum.

    We describe a 42-year-old man who had tumors occupying the right deep neck through the upper part of the mediastinum. The right vocal cord was fixed and bulgings of the pharyngeal and tracheal wall were observed. At surgery, the masses were subtotally removed as much as possible. Histological examination revealed that they were schwannomas. The postoperative course was uneventful, except for the presence of hoarseness.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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2/405. Case report and discussion of hearing preservation after translabyrinthine excision of small acoustic tumors.

    OBJECTIVE: Since 1991, three separate reports have shown how hearing may be salvaged after translabyrinthine excision of small acoustic tumors. The authors submit yet another report of a complete translabyrinthine excision of a 1.4-cm intracanalicular acoustic tumor with modest hearing preservation. An attempt is made to retrace the steps of the operation and recognize and discuss what particular events may have safeguarded the viability of the cochlea. With the availability of cochlear implantation, there should be added incentive to preserve the cochlear neurones if hair cells cannot be saved. STUDY DESIGN: The study design was a retrospective case review. SETTING: The study was conducted at a primary care hospital. INTERVENTION: Therapeutic and rehabilitative measures were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hearing preservation was measured. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman presented with a left-sided hearing loss and a 1.4-cm left acoustic tumor completely filling the internal auditory canal (speech reception threshold [SRT] 30 dB, discrimination [Pb] 28%). A successful translabyrinthine excision of the tumor was performed in November 1995. A 1-year postoperative audiogram showed a mixed hearing loss in the left ear with SRT 85 dB and Pb 0%. Average pure-tone threshold for 500 Hz, 1 kHz, and 3 kHz was 50 dB and aided SRT 40 dB with Pb 64%. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging confirmed complete excision of the tumor. CONCLUSION: An exceptional case of hearing preservation after translabyrinthine excision of a small acoustic tumor illustrates how it may be possible to preserve cochlear hair cells and neurones simultaneously in certain selected cases. A review of the surgical events shows the value of sealing the cochlear duct with bone wax, selectively removing the vestibular nerves with the tumor by sharp dissection, and safeguarding the meatal segment of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery by a limited dural incision.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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3/405. Primary lymphoma of Meckel's cave mimicking trigeminal schwannoma: case report.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We report the first case of primary lymphoma of Meckel's cave. The ability of a lymphoma to mimic a trigeminal schwannoma, both clinically and radiographically, resulted in misdiagnosis and flawed surgical strategy. We discuss the characteristics of a Meckel's cave lymphoma on magnetic resonance images, the predisposing medical conditions that should cause the neurosurgeon to add lymphoma to the normal differential diagnosis, and appropriate management strategies. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old African-American woman presented with a 5-month history of progressive facial numbness and pain in all three divisions of the left trigeminal nerve. magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass in the left side of Meckel's cave, with extension into the lateral compartment of the cavernous sinus, without encasement of the internal carotid artery, through the foramen rotundum into the posterior aspect of the maxillary sinus, and through the foramen ovale into the pterygopalatine fossa. The diagnosis, based on clinical history and radiographic imaging, was schwannoma of Meckel's cave. The patient had a history of systemic lupus erythematosus that had been treated with intermittent steroid therapy. INTERVENTION: The surgical approach selected was a frontotemporal craniotomy with orbitozygomatic osteotomy and anterior petrosectomy. The lesion was totally excised, although the gross intraoperative appearance of the lesion was inconsistent with the preoperative diagnosis, and the pathological examination was unable to establish a histological diagnosis on the basis of frozen sections. Histological diagnosis was confirmed on permanent section after surgery as B-cell lymphoma. Evaluation for other primary sites produced negative results. The patient was then treated with cyclophosphamide (Cytotoxan; Bristol-Myers Oncology, Princeton, NJ), doxorubicin (Adriamycin; Pharmacia & Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI), vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy every 3 weeks for six cycles and then by radiation therapy to the affected area. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of lymphoma should be considered for lesions affecting Meckel's cave in high-risk immunocompromised patients. The presence of an apparent dural tail in an otherwise typical schwannoma is the distinguishing characteristic of a lymphoma. The absence of hyperostosis helps differentiate it from a meningioma. At this point, the preferred surgical strategy is biopsy for diagnosis and then radiotherapy and chemotherapy rather than major cranial base surgery for total resection.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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4/405. High-resolution ultrasonography in detection and follow-up of a tumour of the forearm. Case report.

    A 39-year-old man had a mass in his right flexor medial mid-forearm of unknown aetiology for two years. Preoperative high-resolution ultrasonography showed a well-defined solid mass with reduced echogenicity. The mass was excised and histopathological examination showed neurilemmoma. There had been no recurrence of the tumour six months after operation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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5/405. Combined posterior and posterolateral one-stage removal of a giant cervical dumbbell schwannoma.

    OBJECTIVE: Huge dumbbell schwannomas in the cervical region are not a rare clinical entity in neurosurgical practice. Despite the benign nature, the adhesions between tumor capsule and spinal cord, vertebral artery, cervical plexus, and carotid sheath can complicate surgery, leading to a fatal outcome. We performed one-stage combined surgery through the posterior midline and an unusual posterolateral cervical route in the same position and describe its advantages. METHOD: We removed the intraspinal component totally through a posterior midline approach and freed spinal cord and vertebral artery. After removal of the posterolateral extraspinal component using the same incision, a posterolateral cervical approach along the posterior margin of sternocleidomastoid muscle was performed, and the anterolateral extraspinal tumor was excised totally through the dissection plane between anterior and middle scalene muscles. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The operative time was less than 3 h, and the patient was discharged on the 3rd postoperative day without any neurological sequel. The combination of posterior midline and posterolateral approach in large dumbbell schwannomas is easier to perform and a more safe technique than the combination with anterolateral accesses in the cervical region and also less invasive than the transuncodiscal technique in selected cases. This approach reduces the risk of neurovascular injury, since it does not require retraction and repositioning of the patient and, therefore, facilitates total excision and reduces the operative time.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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6/405. Diffuse schwannoma involving the entire large bowel with huge extramural development: report of a case.

    Schwannoma of the large bowel is a rare clinical entity, which has reportedly been recognized to arise from one place with a submucosal tumor morphology. We present herein the unique case of a 25-year-old woman who suffered from a schwannoma diffusely involving the entire large intestine. The patient complained of abdominal distension and imaging studies revealed a giant tumor occupying the whole abdomen, but no confirmed preoperative diagnosis could be made. A laparotomy proved the huge tumor detected preoperatively to be the markedly wall-thickened entire large bowel itself due to the diffuse extramural development of a neoplasm, but no other organs were involved. biopsy specimens from the tumor were histologically diagnosed as benign schwannoma. However, because of the possibility of malignancy, we later performed a total proctocolectomy followed by an ileal J-pouch-anal canal anastomosis. The final pathological diagnosis was also that of a benign schwannoma originating from the large intestine. The patient remains well without recurrence 15 months after surgery. To the best of our knowledge, no such case of a schwannoma in the entire large bowel has yet been reported in the literature, and the pathogenesis of its occurrence remains unknown.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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7/405. Schwannoma of the oculomotor nerve: a case report with consideration of the surgical treatment.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Oculomotor schwannoma is extremely rare. We report a case of oculomotor schwannoma with consideration of its surgical management. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old woman with a history of chronic headache underwent a computed tomographic scan, which revealed a mass lesion in the right prepontine cistern. She had no neurological deficits at admission. INTERVENTION: The tumor originated from the right oculomotor nerve. It was subtotally removed, leaving a tiny part attached to the nerve. The nerve trunk was preserved. A pathological examination revealed a schwannoma. Transient right oculomotor nerve palsy occurred postoperatively, but it improved almost completely. CONCLUSION: The tumor in the present case was resected, preserving serviceable oculomotor function. However, among 16 patients reported in the literature, all but one developed or maintained severe postsurgical oculomotor nerve palsy. We conclude that surgical resection generally is not indicated for oculomotor schwannomas, excluding large tumors that cause intractable symptoms.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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8/405. Plexiform schwannoma of the foot.

    The present report describes a plexiform schwannoma involving the subcutis of the foot in an 8-year-old boy. Gross findings revealed thin fibrous septa in a multilobulated tumor that was partly separated into free body-like nodules in the subcutis. Preoperative CT and MRI failed to delineate this multinodular architecture or free bodies. This is a case presentation including the CT and MR findings associated with plexiform schwannoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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9/405. Giant cervico-thoracic schwannoma with long clinical history. Case report.

    An unusual case of a giant intraspinal schwannoma in a 45-year-old woman with 14-year history of preoperative symptoms was presented. MRI of the spine revealed an intradural, extramedullary tumor extending from the intervertebral space C4/C5 to T4 vertebral body level (2 x 1.2 x 12 cm) and filling almost the entire spinal canal. Microscopical examination showed a typical neurinoma pattern with two distinct zones of Antoni A and Antoni B tissue. Some areas exhibited nuclear atypia and hyperchromasia reflecting the degenerative changes in this slowly growing nerve sheath tumor. A rich pericellular reticulin network was seen in the areas composed of Antoni A tissue. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were strongly positive for S-100 protein. The diagnostic difficulties in the presented case of longstanding schwannoma resulted in the late surgical treatment. The importance of the early diagnosis of spinal nerve sheath tumors for the patient's quick recovery is stressed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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10/405. Planning and simulation of neurosurgery in a virtual reality environment.

    OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with preoperative neurosurgical planning in our stereoscopic virtual reality environment for 21 patients with intra- and extra-axial brain tumors and vascular malformations. methods: A neurosurgical planning system called VIVIAN (Virtual Intracranial Visualization and Navigation) was developed for the Dextroscope, a virtual reality environment in which the operator reaches with both hands behind a mirror into a computer-generated stereoscopic three-dimensional (3-D) object and moves and manipulates the object in real time with natural 3-D hand movements. Patient-specific data sets from multiple imaging techniques (magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance angiography, magnetic resonance venography, and computed tomography) were coregistered, fused, and displayed as a stereoscopic 3-D object. A suite of 3-D tools accessible inside the VIVIAN workspace enabled users to coregister data, perform segmentation, obtain measurements, and simulate intraoperative viewpoints and the removal of bone and soft tissue. RESULTS: VIVIAN was used to plan neurosurgical procedures primarily in difficult-to-access areas, such as the cranial base and the deep brain. The intraoperative and virtual reality 3-D scenarios correlated well. The VIVIAN system substantially contributed to surgical planning by 1) providing a quick and better understanding of intracranial anatomic and abnormal spatial relationships, 2) simulating the craniotomy and the required cranial base bone work, and 3) simulating intraoperative views. CONCLUSION: The VIVIAN system allows users to work with complex imaging data in a fast, comprehensive, and intuitive manner. The 3-D interaction of this virtual reality environment is essential to the efficient assembly of surgically relevant spatial information from the data derived from multiple imaging techniques. The usefulness of the system is highly dependent on the accurate coregistration of the data and the real-time speed of the interaction.
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ranking = 4
keywords = operative
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