1/1. neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a patient with neurosyphilis.neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a catatonic-like syndrome of uncertain etiology occurring in patients taking dopamine blocking medications. The paper describes how NMS presents and is treated and reports the case of a patient with undetected neurosyphilis who developed NMS. The case highlights the need for a thorough organic evaluation of all patients with initial-onset psychotic features and suggests the possibility of a CNS cofactor--neurosyphilis--initiating the NMS as proposed by other researchers.
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