Cases reported "Nevus, Blue"

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1/126. Metastatic melanoma to the skin simulating blue nevus.

    Cutaneous metastases from melanoma can mimic primary melanoma and melanocytic nevi. Recognition of a metastatic lesion is of great importance for proper staging and treatment decisions. In this study, a potential diagnostic pitfall is described and discussed: dermal metastases from cutaneous melanoma simulating blue nevus, a phenomenon that has received little attention. Ten blue nevus-like lesions from three patients are presented. All contained pigmented melanocytes and melanophages in variable proportions arranged in a blue nevus-like growth pattern. The blue nevus-like metastases occurred in the same anatomic region as the primary tumor or, as in one patient, near the skin scar of a dissected lymph node metastasis. Histologic clues of metastatic melanoma included the presence of atypical epithelioid melanocytes, mitotic figures, and an associated inflammatory cell infiltrate at the periphery of the lesion. Although such histologic features facilitate the recognition of a metastasis, clinical correlation is essential for a definitive diagnosis. ( info)

2/126. endosonography in the diagnosis of "blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome": an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal tract bleeding.

    Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the presence of multiple angiomatic lesions of the skin. These are associated with similar lesions in other organs, namely in the gastrointestinal tract, causing anemia through chronic bleeding. We describe the case of a 72-year-old woman with microcytic anemia. A barium study revealed irregular lacunae in the distal esophagus. A subsequent endoscopy showed blue nodular lesions similar to angiomas of the esophagus and stomach fundus. endosonography confirmed its angiomatic nature. Exploration of other organs, using magnetic resonance and cranial computed tomography, did not reveal the presence of this type of lesion. In physical examination, two angiomatic lesions were observed on the face and lips, respectively. These were blue in color and compressible, leaving an empty wrinkled sac that rapidly refilled, typical of angiomas. ( info)

3/126. Balloon cell change in cellular blue nevus.

    Balloon cells are altered melanocytes with clear vacuolated cytoplasm caused by a defect in the process of melanogenesis. Although rare, balloon cell change has been observed in a variety of melanocytic proliferations, particularly intradermal melanocytic nevi and melanoma. When present, such features may lead to difficulties in diagnosis, particularly with other clear cell neoplasms. We report an unusual case of the development of balloon cell change in a cellular blue nevus, a phenomenon that has not been extensively addressed in the literature. The importance of recognizing this change in cellular blue nevus to avoid misinterpreting the lesion as malignant is discussed. ( info)

4/126. Blue rubber bleb naevus: case report and literature review.

    Blue rubber bleb naevus syndrome is a rare cutaneous-digestive angiomatosis, described first by William Bean in 1958. Today, there are more than 200 cases published. The dangers of this syndrome include angiomata in the brain, kidneys or lungs (due to vasculature obliteration by in situ thrombosis). patients are scanned with technetium-labelled red blood cells in order to identify the affected organs. Multiple techniques are used to treat the lesions by gastrointestinal endoscopy. ( info)

5/126. Conjunctival melanocytic nevi of childhood.

    Two young patients with conjunctival compound nevi are presented to illustrate two types of abnormalities that lead to difficulty in distinction of these nevi from invasive melanomas. In Case 1, inflammation is associated with disruption of the nevus cell architecture and cytologic atypia. In Case 2, the occurrence of a combined nevus (compound and blue nevus types) in the conjunctiva leads to diagnostic problems. Circumscription of the lesions, lack of mitoses in the substantia propria, and lack of pagetoid spread of atypical cells in the adjacent conjunctival epithelium support benign diagnoses in both cases. ( info)

6/126. carney complex: in a patient with multiple blue naevi and lentigines, suspect cardiac myxoma.

    carney complex is characterized by spotty pigmentation (blue naevi and lentigines), myxomas (cardiac, cutaneous, mammary), endocrine over-activity (Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly), testicular tumours, and schwannomas. We report a male with multiple blue naevi, lentigines, testicular large cell calcifying Sertoli-cell tumour and four cardiac myxomas. The myxomas caused two cerebrovascular accidents and a myocardial infarction. All patients with multiple blue naevi or lentigines should be investigated for the life-threatening association of cardiac myxomas. ( info)

7/126. Combined nevi of the conjunctiva.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and histologic features of combined nevi of the conjunctiva, a type of nevus that is not uncommon in the skin but rarely has been reported in the conjunctiva. methods: Conjunctival nevi and melanomas in the files of the University of california at san francisco eye pathology Laboratory from 1984 to 1999 were reviewed for the presence of features of both standard nevocytic nevi and blue nevi. Clinical histories and, when available, clinical photographs were obtained. RESULTS: Thirty combined nevi were discovered between 1984 and 1999. One case before 1984 had been incorrectly diagnosed as a junctional nevus. The dendritic and spindle-shaped blue nevus cells had been overlooked because they were not recognized as distinct from the standard nevocytic nevus cells. The recognition of blue as well as a brown color, a deep as well as a superficial component in the lesion, or a history of pigmentation since birth may help to establish the correct clinical diagnosis and prevent an unnecessarily deep surgical resection. Although growth of the lesion or "satellites" in some may favor a clinical diagnosis of melanoma, no lesions in this series were malignant. CONCLUSION: Despite a paucity of reports of combined nevi of the conjunctiva in the medical literature, this type of nevus, a combination of a nevocytic and a blue nevus, is common and has been overlooked in the past. ( info)

8/126. Epithelioid blue nevus occurring in children with no evidence of carney complex.

    We report two pediatric patients who had biopsies of solitary lesions diagnosed as epithelioid blue nevi. Histologically these lesions had wedge-shaped, heavily pigmented infiltrates extending to the subcutaneous fat. The infiltrate was composed of spindled and polyhedral cells that were nevomelanocytic cells with nuclear pleomorphism. Also noted were pigmented globular cells interpreted as melanophages. These lesions have the same characteristics as those blue nevi occurring in patients with carney complex. More recently, adult patients have been identified with similar nevi, but without evidence of carney complex. To our knowledge, pediatric patients with epithelioid blue nevi, but no evidence of carney complex have not been described previously. ( info)

9/126. A case report: pregnancy complicated by blue rubber-bleb nevus syndrome.

    Blue rubber-bleb nevus (BRBN) syndrome, first reported in 1958 by Bean, manifests with multiple hemangiomas located in the skin and gastarointestinal tract. Characteristic laboratory data include chronic anemia with iron deficiency and consumption coagulopathy. We describe herein a pregnancy complicated by BRBN syndrome resulting in the delivery of a male infant by cesarean section. ( info)

10/126. Blue nevi and basal cell carcinoma within a speckled lentiginous nevus.

    We describe an unusual case of blue nevi and basal cell carcinoma arising within a speckled lentiginous nevus and discuss the relationship between epithelial tumors and nevoid growth of melanocytes. ( info)
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