Cases reported "Night Terrors"

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1/2. night terrors associated with thalamic lesion.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case with night terrors (NT) symptomatic of a thalamic lesion. methods: Videopolysomnography and brain MRI were used to study a 48 year old woman with a recent onset of brief episodes, occurring exclusively during nocturnal sleep, where she suddenly sat up in bed, screamed and appeared to be very frightened. RESULTS: Videopolysomnography recorded an episode suggestive of NT. sleep fragmentation with frequent brief arousals or microarousals was also evident mainly during slow wave sleep. The brain MRI showed increased T2 signal from the right thalamus suggestive of a low-grade tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Our case suggests that NT starting in adulthood can, rarely, be symptomatic of neurological disease, and warrant further investigation with MRI. SIGNIFICANCE: A thalamic dysfunction, disrupting at this level the arousal system, may play a role in provoking NT.
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keywords = wave
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2/2. EEG synchronisation during sleep-related epileptic seizures as a new tool to discriminate confusional arousals from paroxysmal arousals: preliminary findings.

    Confusional arousals, paroxysmal arousals (as part of the nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy) and normal arousals and awakenings from NREM sleep are frequently a challenge for differential diagnosis. In this article we describe the course of synchronisation between different EEG channels during nocturnal seizures in 3 patients with sleep-related epileptic seizures and in 1 patient with sleep terrors. The functional interactions between the different EEG channels during the nocturnal seizures were analysed by means of the so-called synchronisation likelihood (SL). SL is a measure of the dynamical (linear and nonlinear) interdependencies between a time series (EEG channel) and one or more other time series. The main results of our study are the confirmation of a significant increase in EEG synchronisation during sleep-related seizures and the indication that clinically similar ictal motor patterns might be generated by different neurophysiological mechanisms, characterised by different patterns of synchronisation involving multiple or single frequency bands. This new approach might be useful to differentiate motor seizures, emerging from NREM sleep, from parasomnias (arousal disorders) when both ictal and interictal EEGs are uninformative.
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keywords = frequency
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