Cases reported "Nose Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/74. Modified retrograde intubation in a patient with difficult airway.

    We report a modified technique of retrograde endotracheal intubation in a patient with limited motility at the atlanto-occipital joint, temporomandibular joint, and cervical spine, presenting for closure of a large oronasal fistula. Despite more recent advances in intubation techniques and technology, retrograde intubation still deserves a place in the anesthetist's armamentarium for the management of the difficult airway.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/74. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the nasal cavity: a case report and review of the literature.

    Our aim is to describe clinicopathological, histochemical, and immunohistochemical findings of one case of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the nasal cavity. A 10-year-old female presented with a short history of nasal obstruction, epistaxis, nasal discharge and headache. Computerized tomography (CT) scans showed a space-occupying lesion in the right nasal cavity. Histological examination of initial biopsy showed fascicles of spindle cells in a mixed inflammatory background with a predominance of plasma cells, typical of inflammatory pseudotumor. The spindle cells were positive for vimentin and actin. The mass was completely excised without any difficulty under generalized anesthesia. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the nasal cavity is a localized and completely benign lesion. Simple complete excision is curative.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/74. Lobular capillary haemangioma of the nasal cavity: observation of three specific cases.

    Lobular Capillary Haemangioma of the nasal cavity: observation of three specific cases. Lobular Capillary Haemangioma, unproperly called "Pyogenic granuloma", is a benign vascular tumour pedunculated on the skin and on mucous membranes of the oral and nasal cavities. Microtrauma and pregnancy are the most often evocated aetiologic factors. epistaxis and nasal obstruction are the most marked symptoms of this irregular and friable mass. We report three cases (two adult and one paediatric) of this pathology. Two have as trigger factor a nasal microtrauma, the third an oestro-progestative impregnation. A clinical, radiological and histological description allows us to expose the characteristics of this lesion that remains obscure to many rhinologists. Lobular Capillary Haemangioma has to be evocated in the differential diagnosis of each haemorrhagic endonasal mass.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/74. Complications of intranasal prescription narcotic abuse.

    The abuse of drugs via an intranasal route is an increasingly prevalent pattern of behavior. In the past year, a number of patients received care at our institution for complications resulting from the previously unreported phenomenon of intranasal prescription narcotic abuse. This report describes the clinical manifestations of this form of drug abuse in 5 patients. Their symptoms consisted of nasal and/or facial pain, nasal obstruction, and chronic foul-smelling drainage. Common physical findings were nasal septal perforation; erosion of the lateral nasal walls, nasopharynx, and soft palate; and mucopurulent exudate on affected nasal surfaces. In addition, 2 of the 5 patients had invasive fungal rhinosinusitis, which appears to be a complication unique to intranasal narcotic abuse.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/74. Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis of the sinonasal tract: report on the clinicopathologic features of a case and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is a rare fibroinflammatory lesion of the sinonasal tract that occurs mainly in young to middle-aged female patients. Only two previous cases affecting male patients have been reported, and its etiopathogenesis remains unknown. The authors report on the third case of the entity in a male patient and review the 12 previously reported cases. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old male patient was initially seen with a 15 years history of allergic rhinitis, progressive nasal obstruction, and left-sided hearing loss. All laboratory tests were unremarkable, except the nasal discharge eosinophil count that showed a conspicuous eosinophilia. The video-assisted-nasofibroscopic examination and CT scans disclosed a thickened deviated nasal septum with a subjacent infiltrative lesion. The histologic analysis of the nasal septum showed a variable mixed inflammatory cellular infiltration mainly composed of eosinophils, plasma cells, and histiocytes with a perivascular distribution; in other areas, an angiocentric fibrosing lesion with a peculiar perivascular onion-skin pattern was observed. The patient had a partial resection of the lesion with symptomatic control. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of rhinitis and nasal eosinophilia in our case associated with the clinical aspects of the previously reported cases further support an allergic cause for EAF.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/74. Nasal sarcoidosis.

    Nasal sarcoidosis may affect nasal skin, mucosa, or bone separately or simulataneously. Its incidence in patients with systemic sarcoid was once thought to be low, but this may be due to lack of proper intranasal examination and awareness of its existence by physicians who are more preoccupied with lung and other visceral involvement. The otolaryngologist should be aware of nasal sarcoidosis because nasal obstruction or drainage secondary to nasal sarcoidosis may be the first and only manifestation of systemic sarcoidosis. The otolaryngologist can diagnose this disease earlier in its course by being aware of its existence.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/74. Nasal granuloma gravidarum presenting with recurrent massive epistaxis.

    Nasal granuloma gravidarum is a rare condition associated with pregnancy and minor trauma. This condition presents with a nasal mass with varying degree of bleeding and obstruction. We report a patient with nasal granuloma gravidarum in the third trimester of pregnancy. Surgical excision is the definite treatment for this condition in order to stop the vicious cycle of recurrent massive bleeding. Possible etiology, clinical features and management are discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/74. Rosai Dorfman disease presenting as synchronous nasal and intracranial masses.

    A 56-year-old woman with vertex headaches, new-onset seizure disorder, nasal obstruction, and hyposmia was found to have a dural-based intracranial mass as well as bilateral masses arising from the inferior turbinates and extending into the nasopharynx. The patient underwent endoscopic resection of the involved portions of the inferior turbinates, including the sizable nasopharyngeal component. craniotomy was performed at a later date. Both pathologic specimens were consistent with extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease. The patient showed resolution of all symptoms after surgery. Rosai-Dorfman disease, or sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a rare entity usually presenting as cervical nodal disease. When extranodal disease of the head and neck is present, prompt recognition and conservative surgical management is the treatment of choice for this benign pseudolymphomatous entity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/74. An unusual cause of neonatal respiratory distress.

    Nasal cysts representing cystic extension of the nasolacrimal duct are a rare cause of nasal obstruction and respiratory distress in neonates. A medial canthal mass, epiphora, dacryocystitis or preseptal/orbital cellulitis are the usual presenting symptoms; however, this case shows that patients may present with eye findings so minimal as to be overlooked.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.96730397269911
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/74. mucous membrane pemphigoid: nasal and laryngeal manifestations.

    mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a sub-epithelial blistering disease that primarily involves mucosal surfaces but may also involve the skin. Clinically, it appears as vesiculobullous lesions of the oral cavity and eyes, but other tissues such as the nasopharyngeal and laryngeal mucosa can also be affected. Ultimately, scarring and airway stenosis may occur. The condition should be managed by a multidisciplinary team led by a dermatologist. Immunosuppressive therapy forms the mainstay of treatment, with surgery having both a diagnostic role and a use in the treatment of complications such as airway obstruction. There must be a low threshold of suspicion for laryngeal involvement in this group of patients, so that prompt action can be taken. Once laryngeal stenosis has occurred repeated endoscopic laser excision of scar tissue can be used to maintain an adequate airway. Adjuvant use of mitomycin-C can be used beneficially in the treatment of laryngeal complications of MMP.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3.3097351085686
keywords = airway obstruction, obstruction, airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Nose Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.