Cases reported "Nose Diseases"

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1/8. A previously unreported surgical technique utilizing five different grafting materials to successfully achieve simultaneous alveolar regeneration and closure of a large oronasal defect.

    This case report describes the successful surgical and restorative management of an unusual cyst-granuloma combination that had expanded to perforate the labial and nasal parts of the maxillary bone. Enucleation and curettage of the lesions resulted in a large oronasal communication that presented a reconstructive challenge. Five different graft and/or barrier materials were used to close the oral and nasal openings and to regenerate the alveolus for implant placement and for aesthetic prosthetic restoration.
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ranking = 1
keywords = communication
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2/8. A rare case of upper airway obstruction in an infant caused by basal encephalocele complicating facial midline deformity.

    A four-month-old male infant with basal encephalocele of the transsphenoidal type presented with upper airway obstruction and facial midline deformity, including cleft lip, cleft palate, hypertelorism and exophthalmos. Basal encephalocele is a rare disease, and usually not detectable from the outside. In this case, initially the cause of an upper airway obstruction was considered to be posterior rhinostenosis, and posterior rhinoplasty with inferior nasal conchectomy was scheduled. However, in preoperative examination, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a bony defect in the sphenoidal bone and a cystic mass in communication with cerebrospinal fluid, herniating into the nasal cavity through the bony defect. The mass was diagnosed as a transsphenoidal encephalocele, the scheduled operation cancelled, and tracheostomy performed for airway management. The possibility of basal encephalocele should be considered in the case of upper airway obstruction with facial midline deformity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = communication
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3/8. Pseudotumor of the nasal fossa secondary to mucoid impaction in choanal atresia.

    An intranasal mass was discovered during evaluation of unilateral choanal atresia. Radiologic investigation of the lobulated cystic mass showed no communication with the central nervous system or any other bony abnormalities. During surgery for the choanal atresia, the mass proved to be a mucous impaction. The case illustrates the need to utilize decongestants and aspiration prior to instillation of contrast agent.
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ranking = 1
keywords = communication
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4/8. Oronasal communication caused by a denture with suction cup: a case report.

    suction cups, which provide high retention, are not being recommended anymore because of the destructive effect of the negative pressure on the palatal tissues. It is known that dentures with suction cups can cause perforations in the palate. In this case report, an oronasal communication caused by a denture with suction cup in a patient who had previously undergone pleomorphic adenoma excision of the palate is presented. Disadvantages of suction cups are emphasized.
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ranking = 5
keywords = communication
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5/8. nasal obstruction and human communication.

    nasal obstruction may cause a variety of communication disorders, particularly in children. The effects of nasal obstruction on hearing, speech, language, and voice are examined. methods for assessing the effects of nasal obstruction are delineated, and recommendations for therapeutic interventions are described.
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ranking = 5
keywords = communication
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6/8. Post-traumatic prandial rhinorrhea.

    A patient with a LeFort III fracture developed clear prandial rhinorrhea as a late complication. A parotid-antral communication was discovered and surgically corrected. Only one previous case of parotid-antral rhinorrhea has been reported in the literature. Although it is a rare complication, salivary origin for post-traumatic rhinorrhea must be considered in the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = communication
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7/8. Treatment of oro-antral-nasal fistula after anterior maxillary osteotomy.

    A case of a patient with an open bite deformity was presented that, because of improper preoperative treatment planning, resulted in an oro-antral-nasal communication. The subsequent re-evaluation of the patient and the corrective surgical procedure are discussed, with a retrospective evaluation of the total treatment sequence.
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ranking = 1
keywords = communication
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8/8. Nasal glioma: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study.

    A case of a 14 month old Japanese female infant presenting with nasal glioma is reported. The tumor had been noticed at the nasal radix since birth and had slowly and progressively enlarged. There was no communication between the tumor and the cranial cavity on radiological examination. The tumor was macroscopically anchored to the nasal septum by a fibrous stalk, and histologically consisted of nests or trabeculae of either polygonal or spindle cells with plump eosinophilic cytoplasm and oval nuclei, separated by vascular-rich connective tissue intermingled with multinucleated giant cells. These tumor cells were immunohistochemically positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein as well as for S-100 protein and vimentin. An electron microscopic examination revealed collagen fibers and basal lamina between the tumor cells and the fibroblasts. Tumor cells possessed abundant intermediate filaments, which showed occasional Rosenthal fiber-like structures, in their cytoplasm and processes. A few oligodendrocytes and cilia of 9 microtubule doublets either with or without 2 central microtubules were also noted. These clinicopathological findings suggested that this tumor was once an encephalo(meningo)cele, which probably degenerated as a result of the loss of intracranial communication and then appeared to be isolated from the intracranial tissue.
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ranking = 2
keywords = communication
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