Cases reported "Nose Diseases"

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1/572. Nasal reconstruction in children: a review of 29 patients.

    Acquired large nasal defects are much more common in adulthood than in childhood because of the frequency of skin tumors after a certain age. However, from their experience in treating a number of children with sequelae of noma and burns, the authors have collected a series of 17 total and 12 partial nasal reconstructions in children aged 1 to 15 years. After reviewing the various methods used for recreating the lining, the support, and the skin cover in the whole series, three cases are reported in detail. A 1-year-old patient received a tempororetroauricular flap after total amputation of the nose and was observed for 17 years. Another patient, who was burned as a baby, underwent reconstruction at age 10 with a deltopectoral flap and was observed for 7 years. The third patient underwent total nose reconstruction at age 12 with an Indian forehead flap. From their experience, the authors conclude that, for psychosocial reasons, nasal reconstruction should be started early, despite possible reoperation at a later age. The best results are certainly obtained at the end of growth or at least after the age of 12. Adjacent bone or soft tissue defects further enhance the difficult challenge of restoring a satisfactory aesthetic appearance in these children. ( info)

2/572. Nasal gliomas: main features, management and report of five cases.

    Nasal gliomas are neurologic malformations that should be considered in the presence of a congenital nasal mass. Appropriate pre-operative examination must be performed to identify a possible connection with CNS, which is present in 15-20% of the cases. This examination should determine whether initial craniotomy is necessary. Here, we report five cases and review the main characteristics and management of this pathology. ( info)

3/572. Midfacial complications of prolonged cocaine snorting.

    Acute and chronic ingestion of cocaine predisposes the abuser to a wide range of local and systemic complications. This article describes the case of a 38-year-old man whose chronic cocaine snorting resulted in the erosion of the midfacial anatomy and recurrent sinus infections. Previously published case reports specific to this problem are presented, as are the oral, systemic and behavioural effects of cocaine abuse. ( info)

4/572. A previously unreported surgical technique utilizing five different grafting materials to successfully achieve simultaneous alveolar regeneration and closure of a large oronasal defect.

    This case report describes the successful surgical and restorative management of an unusual cyst-granuloma combination that had expanded to perforate the labial and nasal parts of the maxillary bone. Enucleation and curettage of the lesions resulted in a large oronasal communication that presented a reconstructive challenge. Five different graft and/or barrier materials were used to close the oral and nasal openings and to regenerate the alveolus for implant placement and for aesthetic prosthetic restoration. ( info)

5/572. Chondroid hamartoma presenting as a neonatal nasal mass.

    We present a case of a 3-month-old female with a right nasal mass. Upon evaluation with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography, a large right intranasal mass extending through the cribiform plate, displacing the dura, was noted. The patient underwent a combined midfacial degloving and bifrontal craniotomy for complete resection of the tumor mass. Pathologic evaluation demonstrated a mesenchymal tumor with spindle and stellate cells from which islands of immature cartilage emerged. The spectrum of histologic features closely resembled a mesenchymal chondroid hamartoma typically located in the chest wall. It is the first reported case of a chondroid hamartoma of the head and neck in the literature to date. We examine the characteristics and treatment of this unusual tumor. ( info)

6/572. Huge hamartoma with inverted papilloma in the nasal cavity.

    We report clinical experience in managing a 46-year-old Japanese man with long-standing nasal obstruction resulting from a huge left nasal mass. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy were used to make a provisional diagnosis of inverted papilloma. The mass was resected via a frontal approach combined with rhinotomy. Histopathologic examination of the resected specimen was consistent with a hamartoma that included an inverted papilloma on a portion of its surface. In addition to being rare tumors in the nasal cavity, we believe that our patient's tumor the largest nasal hamartoma ever reported. ( info)

7/572. Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting as a pituitary tumour.

    A 45-year-old woman had pyrexia, headaches, collapse and hyponatraemia. Intracerebral abscess, bacterial meningitis and subarachnoid haemorrhage were excluded. She was given intravenous antibiotics and gradually recovered. One month later she was readmitted with diplopia, headache and vomiting. serum sodium was low (107 mmol/l) and a diagnosis of inappropriate ADH secretion was made. MRI scan showed a suprasellar tumour arising from the posterior pituitary gland. A skin rash gradually faded. serum cortisol, prolactin, gonadotrophins and thyroid hormone levels were low. A pituitary tumour was removed trans-sphenoidally, she had external pituitary radiotherapy, and replacement hydrocortisone and thyroxine. She was well for 12 months when she developed progressive weakness and numbness of both legs. Examination suggested spinal cord compression at the level of T2 where MRI scanning showed an intradural enhancing mass. This spinal tumour was removed and her neurological symptoms disappeared. Nine months after this she developed facial pain and nasal obstruction. CT scan showed tumour growth into the sphenoid sinus and nasal cavities. A right Cauldwell-Luc operation was done and residual tumour in the nasal passages was treated by fractionated external radiotherapy and prednisolone. Histological examination of the specimens from pituitary, spinal mass, and nasal sinuses showed Rosai-Dorfman disease, a rare entity characterized by histiocytic proliferation, emperipolesis (lymphophagocytosis) and lymphadenopathy. aged 48 she developed cranial diabetes insipidus. Although Rosai-Dorfman syndrome is rare, it is being reported with increasing frequency, and should be borne in mind as a possible cause of a pituitary tumour. ( info)

8/572. Verruciform xanthoma of the nose.

    We report a case of verruciform xanthoma of the nasal skin. The case is unique because the lesion both bled and has shown evidence of multicentricity. ( info)

9/572. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) presenting as a nasal septal perforation.

    patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (hiv) and those with AIDS may present with many head and neck manifestations. We report a case of an undiagnosed hiv positive male who presented with symptoms due to a nasal septal perforation, and rapidly developed AIDS. The histopathology of the perforation margins revealed active chronic inflammation with no evidence of neoplasia or granuloma. No viral or fungal infection was demonstrable on immunological testing and fungal stain. This is the first reported case of a patient developing AIDS presenting with a nasal septal perforation. ( info)

10/572. granuloma faciale in a child successfully treated with the pulsed dye laser.

    granuloma faciale, a rare, chronic, cutaneous disorder, is uncommon in children. Numerous treatment modalities have been used to treat granuloma faciale but none are consistently effective. In addition, many of the previously used therapies have unwanted side effects or are not well tolerated by children. We report a case of granuloma faciale in an 11-year-old child successfully treated with the pulsed dye laser. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this treatment modality for granuloma faciale. ( info)
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