Cases reported "Nose Neoplasms"

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1/119. Pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal septum.

    Pleomorphic adenoma is the commonest benign tumour of the major salivary glands. It can also occur in minor salivary glands, mainly in the oral cavity, but also in other sites in the head and neck both within and outwith the upper aerodigestive tract. We present a rare case of pleomorphic adenoma of the nasal septum with consideration of the clinical management and a review of the literature.
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2/119. Unusual presentation of a Merkel cell carcinoma.

    Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon, potentially lethal, cutaneous tumor that mainly occurs in sun-exposed skin of the head and neck area of the elderly. We report a case of MCC presenting as a 2-mm crusted erosion on the nose of an elderly patient, the smallest MCC reported thus far in the literature. The optimal management of MCC has not been clearly established. In view of its high local recurrence rate, predilection to metastasis, and significant mortality, aggressive treatment has been advocated. Identification of this tumor at such a small size posed a management dilemma because of lack of prospective treatment data involving biologic markers of prognostic significance for MCC.
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3/119. chondroma of the anterior nasal spine.

    Chondromas in the head and neck, and particularly in the nasal region, are uncommon. A unique case of a chondroma within the anterior nasal spine has been reported. The asymptomatic lesion was discovered radiographically and mimicked a mesiodens. The tumor consisted of benign-appearing cartilaginous tissue; enucleation has resulted in a apparent cure. A hamartomatous origin has been postulated for this unusual lesion.
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4/119. Common head and neck manifestations of AIDS.

    Head and neck manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) can involve the skin, ear, upper aerodigestive tract, and neck. Several head and neck manifestations of AIDS may be the only initial sign of this disease process and therefore primary-care physicians and otolaryngologists must be able to recognize and understand the management of these lesions. Cystic enlargement of the parotid gland and Kaposi's sarcoma are increasingly being encountered in the head and neck exam of hiv-infected patients. An example of each of these disease processes is presented with full discussion about the various treatment methods.
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ranking = 8
keywords = neck
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5/119. Effects of cancer therapy on dental and maxillofacial development in children: report of case.

    Malignant lymphoma is one of the most common hematological diseases of children. The prognosis is fairly good with multimodal cancer therapy. We reported a boy with Burkitt's lymphoma in the nasal cavity who received chemotherapy and irradiation of the head and neck area at four years of age. During seven years of follow-up, we studied the developmental effects of cancer therapy, including general growth, maxillofacial bones, and dentition. Compared with boys of matching age, the development of his entire body and maxillofacial bones was delayed. In the irradiated areas, the roots of teeth were short or poorly developed and the root apices showed premature closure. After the patient was in remission from the tumor in his early childhood, the long-term effects of cancer therapy on dental and maxillofacial development are worth our further evaluation and follow-up.
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6/119. Mature teratoma of the nasal vestibule: a case report.

    Teratomas are rare congenital neoplasms that arise from pluripotent cells. They consist of tissue from all three embryonic germ layers. According to most studies, teratomas of the head and neck account for only 2 to 9% of all cases. In this article, we report the first case of a teratoma of the nasal vestibule in a newborn. We also discuss methods of diagnosis and treatment of upper airway teratomas, and we include a brief review of the literature.
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7/119. Radial forearm free tissue transfer for head and neck reconstruction: versatility and reliability of a single donor site.

    Since its description as a free flap, the radial forearm flap has undergone numerous modifications for reconstruction of various defects in the head and neck region. Fasciocutaneous, adipofascial, osteocutaneous, tendinofasciocutaneous, or osteotendinofasciocutaneous flaps may be designed and transferred from the radial forearm. This article illustrates the versatility and reliability of this donor site in 15 patients with a variety of head and neck oncologic defects who underwent immediate (12 patients) and delayed (3 patients) reconstruction using different free flaps from the radial forearm. skin flaps were used in 11 patients (73.3%) with floor of mouth (4 cases), hemiglossectomy (2 cases) and partial maxillectomy (2 cases) defects, and for scalp (1 case), lower lip (1 case) and a central face (anterior maxilla/upper lip/nasal) (1 case) defect. Osteocutaneous flaps were used in four patients (26.6%) for reconstruction of bilateral subtotal maxillectomy defects (2 cases), a complex forehead and nasal defect (1 case), and for mandible reconstruction (1 case). In addition, the palmaris longus tendon was included with the flap in the two patients that required oral sphincter reconstruction. One patient required reexploration due to vein thrombosis, and no flap failures were detected in this series. The donor site healed uneventfully in all patients, except one, who had partial skin graft failure. Because of their multiple advantages, free flaps from the radial forearm have a definite role for reconstruction of head and neck defects. New applications of composite flaps from this donor site may continue to emerge, as illustrated in some of our patients.
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keywords = neck
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8/119. Angiosarcoma arising on rhinophyma.

    We report an 82-year-old man who presented with a tumor which had developed over the previous year on the right nasal ala of a rhinophyma. Histopathological, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic study confirmed the diagnosis of angiosarcoma on the head and neck. He was treated with radiotherapy of the tumor and cervical adenopathy, which developed later. The possible etiological and pathogenetic role of lymphedema due to inflammatory flares of rosacea on the nose is discussed, together with the histological and immunohistochemical data leading to the diagnosis of this tumor.
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9/119. Neonatal mature teratoma of the sphenoidal sinus: a case report.

    teratoma in the head and neck region is very rare. We treated a child with a mature congenital teratoma that arose from the right sphenoidal sinus. He is doing well after early surgical treatment with endoscopic endonasal resection of the tumor.
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10/119. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

    Malignant fibrous histiocytomas are uncommon in the head and neck, the sinonasal tract being the most common location. This report describes 5 cases in this area: two in the nasal cavity, two in the maxillary sinus, and one in the frontal sinus. Four were primary cases and one was secondary to previous irradiation. All patients received surgical treatment, one of them with postoperative irradiation. All five patients experienced local recurrences and three also experienced distant metastases. Only one of these recurrences was successfully salvaged and the patient is alive and free of disease 3 years after resection. A summary of knowledge about the entity is reviewed.
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