Cases reported "Nose Neoplasms"

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1/201. Treatment of complicated cutaneous malignant neoplasms by modern radiotherapy: principles, practice, and results.

    The indispensability of modern radiotherapy for certain complicated cases of cutaneous malignant neoplasms is demonstrated by a review of its principles and demonstration of results achieved by its practice in five representative cases.
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keywords = neoplasm
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2/201. Mixed-type liposarcoma of the oral cavity: a case with unusual features and a long survival.

    A case of mixed-type liposarcoma, which showed unusual dedifferentiation in the recurrence, is reported. The rapidly growing mass in the palate of a 60-year-old Japanese woman first revealed a combination of myxoid liposarcoma with features resembling storiform malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The recurrent neoplasm, showing an abrupt transition between myxoid and non-lipogenic parts, partially reverted to sclerosing well-differentiated liposarcoma. The patient died 10.1 years after the first operation.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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3/201. Metastatic testicular teratoma of the nasal cavity: a rare cause of severe intractable epistaxis.

    Malignant neoplasms of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are uncommon. choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant germ cell tumour occurring in the reproductive organs. Metastasis may be principally by the lymphatic route as in other germ cell tumours but choriocarcinoma is also known to spread haematogenously. We present a rare case of metastatic choriocarcinoma to the nasal cavity from testicular teratoma presenting with intractable epistaxis in a 32-year-old Caucasian male, who ultimately succumbed to this disease.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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4/201. Nasal and nasal-type T/NK-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement.

    Natural killer (NK) cells are a third lymphocyte lineage, in addition to B- and T-cells, that mediate cytotoxicity without prior sensitization. NK cells also have phenotypic and genotypic characteristics; they express the NK-related antigen CD56 and T-cell markers such as CD2 and CD3 epsilon, but their T-cell receptor (TCR) locus is not rearranged. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas are divided into B- and T-cell neoplasms and NK-cell lymphomas. We describe 2 Japanese patients with nasal and nasal-type T/NK-cell lymphoma in which the skin, nasal/nasopharyngeal region, bone marrow, and lymph node were the sites of involvement. The clinical and histopathologic findings were recorded. In addition, immunophenotyping, TCR gene rearrangement, and the existence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) dna by polymerase chain reaction amplification were determined. Clinically, the cutaneous eruptions were purplish, hard, multiple nodules. Histologically, angiocentric proliferation of small-to medium-sized, pleomorphic, lymphoid cells were observed. They revealed hand-mirror-shaped lymphocytes with azurophilic granules with the use of Giemsa staining by touch smear. These lymphocytes were found to be positive to immunophenotyping for CD2 (Leu5b), CD3 epsilon (DAKO), CD4 (Leu3a), and CD56 (Leu 19). No clonal rearrangement of TCR-beta, -gamma, and -delta genes and immunoglobulin gene markers were found, and no positive results of identification of EBV dna were shown. The patients underwent cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy with complete remission; however, both had recurrence of disease. Because NK-cell lymphomas express some T-cell markers, they may be mistakenly diagnosed as peripheral T-cell lymphomas if they are not investigated for the NK-cell-specific marker, CD56. Therefore the importance of immunophenotypic investigations of CD56 should be stressed. Also, the importance of clinical investigation of nasal/nasopharyngeal lymphomas should be stressed when NK-cell lymphoma is diagnosed involving the skin, because NK-cell lymphomas are often associated with the nasal and nasopharyngeal region.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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5/201. Endoscopically assisted anterior cranial skull base resection of sinonasal tumors.

    The traditional approach to sinonasal tumors involving the base of skull has been the anterior craniofacial resection. Endoscopic techniques have created the potential to approach the intranasal aspect of skull base lesions without external incisions and still develop an en bloc resection when removed. We report our initial experience with skull base neoplasms in which the otolaryngic portion of the standard resection was accomplished instead through an endoscopic approach. The nature of lesions favorable for this approach and associated technical issues are discussed. Although we do not consider this approach a replacement for the traditional anterior craniofacial resection, it is an important adjunct in the skull base surgeon's armamentarium.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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6/201. Carcinoma of the nasopharynx and nasa fossa: report of case.

    A brief history of a case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is described. A general discussion of the problems of diagnosis, treatment, and classification of the more frequent histologic type is presented. Currently, the most favorable prognosis is in patients in whom the condition is detected early. This serious disease sometimes occurs near or adjacent to the area of the dentist's primary responsibility. The dentist should always assume his professional responsibility by promptly referring any patient with suspected cancer to an appropriate specialist.
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ranking = 0.001866121301185
keywords = cancer
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7/201. Blastomatous tumor with teratoid features of nasal cavity: report of a case and review of the literature.

    A case of blastomatous tumor with teratoid features is presented. The polypoid mass was observed in the left nasal cavity of a 72-year-old man. Histologically, the lesion was composed of neuroepithelial cells with blastomatous appearance, cystic squamous nests filled with keratin materials, many mucous glands, complex tubular and glandular structures with edematous fibroblastic stroma. Sinonasal neoplasms including teratoid components and immature neuroepithelium are exceedingly rare. We suggest that the term 'immature teratoma' is more suitable than blastoma or blastomatous tumor when there is no carcinomatous or sarcomatous component besides the immature neuroepithelium and teratoid elements.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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8/201. Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma ("mixed olfactory neuroblastoma-craniopharyngioma") presenting with syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.

    Sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma (SNTC) is a rare, aggressive, histologically heterogeneous neoplasm of the paranasal sinuses and nasopharnyx of adults that is composed of variably benign or malignant neuroepithelial, epithelial, and mesenchymal elements. Occasional cases show intracranial extension and may be operated on by neurosurgeons and encountered by neuropathologists who may not be familiar with the entity. STNCs have not previously been associated with functional hypersecretory status. We report a 59-year-old male who presented with headache and syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) and was subsequently found to have a bulky tumor of the frontal and ethmoid sinuses with focal dural invasion. The tumor was predominantly composed of olfactory neuroblastoma areas (90% of tumor) admixed with unusually well-developed craniopharyngioma-like mature squamous epithelium and ghost cells ( 10% of tumor). Scattered neuroblastoma tumor cells showed strong immunoreactivity with antibodies to arginine vasopressin, supporting ectopic hormone secretion by the tumor. While the coexistence of neuroectodermal and oral ectodermal-like differentiation in SNTCs is characteristic, in our case it was developed to an extreme functional and morphologic degree and was unassociated with other mesenchymal or epithelial elements often found in these complex tumors. SNTCs with limited differentiation have prompted controversy in classification.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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9/201. A case report of sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma.

    A sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma (SNTCS) is a rare and aggressive malignant neoplasm histologically characterized by the combination of one or more epithelial elements and mesenchymal components. We report a case of a 78-year-old man with SNTCS involving the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. He complained of epiphora and exophthalmos with weight loss. Physical and diagnostic images resulted T4N0M0. The tumor was completely and widely resected via a trans-facial approach to perform total maxillectomy with orbital exenteration. The clinical presentation, pathologic features, and clinical course are described with a review of the literature.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = neoplasm
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10/201. Effects of cancer therapy on dental and maxillofacial development in children: report of case.

    Malignant lymphoma is one of the most common hematological diseases of children. The prognosis is fairly good with multimodal cancer therapy. We reported a boy with Burkitt's lymphoma in the nasal cavity who received chemotherapy and irradiation of the head and neck area at four years of age. During seven years of follow-up, we studied the developmental effects of cancer therapy, including general growth, maxillofacial bones, and dentition. Compared with boys of matching age, the development of his entire body and maxillofacial bones was delayed. In the irradiated areas, the roots of teeth were short or poorly developed and the root apices showed premature closure. After the patient was in remission from the tumor in his early childhood, the long-term effects of cancer therapy on dental and maxillofacial development are worth our further evaluation and follow-up.
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ranking = 0.013062849108295
keywords = cancer
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