Cases reported "Nut Hypersensitivity"

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1/8. Anaphylactic reaction to lychee in a 12-year-old girl: cross-reactivity to latex?

    There are very few case reports on allergic reactions to lychee in the literature - so far only in adults. We report on a 12-year-old girl who developed swelling of lips, pruritus, generalized urticaria and dyspnea 30 min after eating a raw lychee. A second event occurred after eating a piece of cake covered with a fruit cocktail. All other foods were well tolerated. In infancy the girl had suffered from atopic dermatitis, which disappeared in childhood; for the previous 2 yr she had presented with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. Upon oral provocation, she developed restlessness, flush, generalized urticaria and inspiratory stridor 50 min after eating half a lychee. The diagnostic work up showed a clear positive skin prick test to raw lychee and specific immunoglobulin e (IgE) in serum to latex but not to lychee. In the cellular antigen stimulation test (CAST) carried out with lychee extracts in several concentrations, the same positive results could be found confirming an allergic reaction. Cross-reactivity of lychee to latex was shown by inhibition experiments using the UniCAP 100-system. In conclusion, it seems worthwhile considering the rare allergy to lychee in the case of unclear food-allergic reactions and lychee should be added to the list of foods cross-reacting with latex. ( info)

2/8. Passive transfer of nut allergy after liver transplantation.

    An anaphylactic reaction to cashew nut developed in a nonatopic 60-year-old man 25 days after receiving a liver allograft from a 15-year-old atopic boy who died of anaphylaxis after peanut ingestion. The liver recipient had no history of nut allergy. Posttransplantation skin prick test results were positive for peanut, cashew nut, and sesame seed, and the donor had allergen-specific IgE antibodies to the same 3 allergens. contact tracing of the recipients of other solid organs from the same donor disclosed no other development of allergic symptoms after ingestion of peanut or cashew nut. Results of molecular HLA typing did not detect any donor-origin leukocytes in the recipient after transplantation, which excluded peripheral microchimerism. The patient inadvertently ingested peanut-contaminated food and suffered a second anaphylactic reaction 32 weeks after the transplantation. This case illustrates that transfer of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity can occur after liver transplantation and have potentially serious consequences. We therefore recommend that organ donors undergo screening for allergies, and that recipients be advised regarding allergen avoidance. ( info)

3/8. food allergy masquerading as foreign body obstruction.

    BACKGROUND: Allergic reactions to peanut and tree nuts can present as upper airway obstruction. OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness that food allergy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of upper airway obstruction in children. methods: We report an allergic reaction to cashew that was initially misdiagnosed as foreign body aspiration. RESULTS: When the presenting signs and symptoms of food allergy are limited to upper airway obstruction, they can be confused with foreign body aspiration. CONCLUSIONS: As peanuts and tree nuts are common causes of both food allergy and foreign body aspiration in children, both of these diagnoses should be considered in the differential diagnosis of airway obstruction. ( info)

4/8. anaphylaxis induced by pine nuts in two young girls.

    Pine nuts are the seeds of pinus pinea. There are few reported cases of allergy to pine nut. We describe two young girls with anaphylaxis caused by small amounts of pine nuts. Specific IgE to pine nut was demonstrated by skin prick tests and RAST but no IgE to other nuts and pine pollen was detected. The patients had IgE against a pine nut protein band with apparent molecular weights of approximately 17 kDa that could be considered as the main allergen. Our patients were monosensitized to pine nut and the 17-kDa protein could be correlated with the severe clinical symptoms. ( info)

5/8. Sudden death associated with food and exercise.

    Exercised-induced anaphylaxis occurs in conjunction with significant physical exertion. anaphylaxis occurring when an individual exercise within a few hours of ingesting a particular food is an unusual variant. Cardiovascular symptoms can be the sole manifestation of exercise-induced food allergies, in which case death may mimic sudden cardiac death during physical exertion due to other pathologic causes. We report the sudden and unexpected death of an individual following the ingestion of hazelnuts and almonds, to which the individual was not previously known to be allergic. The decedent collapsed during vigorous dancing. The death was not associated with cutaneous or laryngeal manifestations of anaphylaxis. awareness of the variable manifestations of food-precipitated anaphylaxis is necessary to correctly establish the diagnosis. An elevated serum tryptase level may be indicative of an allergic reaction, and allergen-specific IgE levels may be used to confirm the particular antigen. ( info)

6/8. anaphylaxis due to brazil nut skin testing in a walnut-allergic subject.

    The diagnosis and management of nut allergy can be difficult because of the possible severity of the clinical manifestations and the cross reactivity between different species. We report a case of anaphylaxis due to skin testing in a young adult with clinically ascertained walnut allergy. After an episode of anaphylaxis due to walnut ingestion, a routine diagnostic workup was carried out, involving skin prick test with commercial extracts, prick by prick with fresh food and CAP-RAST assay for different nuts. Immediately after pricking with fresh brazil nut, a severe episode of anaphylaxis occurred, that required epinephrine and intravenous steroids. The subject had never eaten brazil nut before. Therefore we hypothesize a cross reactivity effect, since this phenomenon is well known for tree nuts. Our case suggests that in vivo diagnosis, especially if fresh nuts are used, should be performed only if adequate equipment to treat anaphylaxis is available. ( info)

7/8. Late diagnosis of tree nut and sesame allergy in patients previously sensitized but tolerant to peanut.

    BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that tolerance to peanut can occur in patients with a history of peanut allergy. Tree nut and sesame allergies have been reported to occur at increased incidence in patients with peanut allergy. Although the coexistence may be simply due to a predisposition to food allergy in these individuals, cross-reactivity has been demonstrated between peanut and tree nuts and between peanut and sesame seed. OBJECTIVE: To describe 3 patients previously sensitized but tolerant to peanut who were subsequently diagnosed as having either tree nut or sesame allergy. methods: All the patients had a clinical history of peanut sensitivity and underwent follow-up peanut skin testing to commercial extracts using a bifurcated needle followed by a graded peanut challenge. One patient had a previous positive radioallergosorbent test reaction to sesame and underwent a graded sesame challenge. RESULTS: All the patients had negative peanut challenge results. Two patients subsequently had exposure to tree nuts at home and had systemic reactions and positive skin test reactions to the incriminated tree nut. One patient had a positive challenge reaction to sesame. CONCLUSION: Demonstration of tolerance to peanut may falsely reassure patients and physicians that patients no longer need to avoid tree nuts or sesame. Tree nut and sesame allergies can exist or develop in patients despite the development of tolerance to peanut. ( info)

8/8. Pectin anaphylaxis and possible association with cashew allergy.

    BACKGROUND: inhalation of pectin has been identified as a cause of occupational asthma. However, allergic reactions to orally ingested pectin have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe a child with pectin-induced food anaphylaxis and to discuss its possible relationship to cashew allergy. methods: A 3 1/2-year-old boy developed anaphylaxis once after eating cashews and later after eating a pectin-containing fruit "smoothie." He also has a history of generalized pruritus after eating grapefruit. skin tests or radioallergosorbent tests (RASTs) were performed to pectin and other suspected food allergens. RESULTS: The child had a positive skin prick test reaction to pectin and a high RAST reaction to cashew and pistachio. He had a low-level positive RAST reaction to grapefruit. Results of allergy tests for the other potential food allergens were negative. The pectin in the smoothie was confirmed to be of citrus origin. review of previous case reports of pectin-induced occupational asthma revealed several patients with allergies to and cross-reactivity with cashew. CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion, not only inhalation, of pectin can cause hypersensitivity reactions. Cashew, and possibly pistachio, allergy may be associated with pectin allergy, and the possibility of pectin allergy should be considered in cashew- or pistachio-allergic patients who have unexplained allergic reactions. ( info)

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