Cases reported "Obesity"

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1/3. Ilizarov ring fixator for a difficult case of ankle syndesmosis disruption.

    Syndesmotic stabilization is recommended for tibiofibular diastasis, a Maisonneuve fracture, or syndesmotic instability after fixation of distal tibia-fibula fractures. In the case presented, a syndesmotic stabilization was performed with a screw inserted 2 cm above the tibiotalar joint Subsequent failure occurred due to the weight of the patient and a lack of compliance with the necessary nonweight bearing protocol. The Ilizarov frame was used to reduce and maintain a stable syndesmosis with a simple two-ring construct which allowed the patient to bear weight on the injured limb while his syndesmosis healed. This is not recommend as a routine method of treatment, but is presented as an extended indication of the Ilizarov frame for difficult cases.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tibia
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2/3. The evolution and histopathology of adolescent tibia vara.

    This clinical, radiographic, and histologic study clarifies the evolution of the distinct clinical and radiographic disorder known as adolescent tibia vara (Blount's disease). Although previous reports have suggested that the disorder occurs in a limb that has been normally aligned until adolescence, we have found that most children with adolescent tibia vara maintain a mild degree of infantile physiologic genu varum. Then, concurrent with the adolescent growth spurt, certain children with predisposing factors, such as obesity, extreme activity, or rapid growth, injure the posteromedial physis as a result of repetitive trauma due to normal use of a limb already in mild varus. The result is growth suppression, further varus, and a classic radiographic presentation. Histologic examination in two cases suggests injury to the growth plate as demonstrated by fissuring and clefts in the physis as well as fibrovascular and cartilaginous repair tissue at the physeal-metaphyseal junction. Transverse trabeculae, resembling growth arrest lines, were noted in the adjacent metaphysis; however, true bony bridging of the growth plate was not seen. Recommended treatment is corrective osteotomy below the growth plate.
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ranking = 6
keywords = tibia
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3/3. Spontaneous tibial compartment syndrome: case report.

    We report the case of an obese 34-year-old woman who spontaneously developed compartment syndrome in her right calf. The patient was treated with four-compartment fasciotomy and debridement of necrotic tissue. Four months after treatment she was ambulating without the use of aids and had full range of motion and muscle strength.
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ranking = 4
keywords = tibia
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