Cases reported "Odontodysplasia"

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1/19. Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia: a case report and review of the literature.

    Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia (SOD) is a rare, unilateral developmental disorder of the maxilla involving abnormal growth and maturation of the bone, lack of one or both premolars, altered primary molar structure, delayed tooth eruption, and fibrous hyperplasia of the gingiva. In this, the twenty-third reported case of SOD, the literature is reviewed, and the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic data are described. Computed tomographic scans of this case showed that the involved segment of the maxilla extends mesiodistally from the permanent cuspid to the mesial portion of the first permanent molar, largely limited to the area of the missing premolars. However, the affected bone extends superiorly in the lateral wall of the maxilla to the zygoma and base of the orbit. This article is intended to serve as baseline data for a future article, describing the natural history and possible treatment of SOD, which remain undocumented.
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2/19. Simultaneous occurrence of unusual odontodysplasia and oligodontia in the permanent dentition: report of a case.

    odontodysplasia is an uncommon clinicopathological condition with a variety of expressions. Although it is generally recognized as a localized disorder of dental tissue, its aetiology has not yet been well explained. In the present case, odontodysplasia with oligodontia in the permanent dentition is reported. The patient was in good health with normal stature and no other physical abnormalities. His parents and siblings were dentally and medically normal. The primary teeth appeared to be normal except for the primary second molars, where the enamel was malformed. However, the permanent incisors that had erupted into the oral cavity showed rough and hypoplastic enamel. An orthopantomogram showed 17 congenitally missing permanent teeth and malformation of the other 11 permanent teeth and tooth-germs. Because these findings were caused by developmental disturbances of both the mesodermal and ectodermal dental components, we diagnosed the present case as odontodysplasia accompanied by oligodontia in the permanent dentition.
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3/19. Regional odontodysplasia (Ghost teeth). A case report.

    Regional odontodysplasia is a rare development anomaly affecting the teeth with an unknown etiology. This dental abnormality involves the hard tissues of the teeth that are derived from both epithelial (enamel) and mesenchymal (dentine & cementum) components of the tooth forming apparatus. Teeth in a region or quadrant of maxilla or mandible are affected to the extent that they exhibit short roots, wide open apical foramen and large pulp chamber, the thinness and poor mineralisation qualities of th enamel and dentine layers have given rise to a faint radiolucent image, hence the term "Ghost teeth". Both the permanent teeth and the deciduous teeth are affected. Females are more commonly affected than males. There is a maxillary predominance (2.5:1) with a predilection for the anterior teeth. Eruption of the affected teeth is delayed or does not occur. Because of the poor quality of the affected teeth, they cannot be rehabilitated for functional use therefore the treatment of choice is extraction with prosthetic replacement. However, necrosis and facial cellulitis appear to be a complication if these teeth are retained. A unique case of regional odontodysplasia affecting the entire right quadrant of mandible is reported here.
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4/19. Case report: restorative options in regional odontodysplasia.

    A case of regional odontodysplasia in a 13 year old female is reported. The restorative options in this case are considered along with the rational for providing a dentine bonded all-porcelain bridge. This approach restored both function and aesthetics with minimum destruction to the hypoplastic tooth tissue of the abutment.
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5/19. Regional odontodysplasia: a review of the literature and report of four cases.

    Regional odontodysplasia (RO) is a rare dental anomaly involving both dentitions, mostly teeth of one quadrant. The characteristic findings are discolored soft teeth accompanied by gingivitis, swelling or abscess. Enamel and dentin are hypomineralised and hypoplastic, so that the 'ghost teeth' appear shadowy in radiographs with wide pulp chambers. The etiology is unknown. Epidemiological data is rare; 138 cases of RO have been published to date and reports on ultrastructure are few. An analysis of published cases of RO in the international literature is presented. The sex ratio of females to males was 1.7:1. The age at the time of diagnosis ranged between 4 and 23 years. The maxilla was more often affected (maxilla to mandible ratio 1.6:1). In 67 patients the deciduous and permanent dentitions were affected (47.1%). In 129 cases, affected teeth lay side by side. Missing tooth development was observed in 10.7%. Failure of tooth eruption of RO teeth occurred in 39.7%. In addition, four cases with RO which were collected over a period of more than 25 years are presented. Ultrastructural findings of one specimen are demonstrated.
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6/19. Bilateral mandibular regional odontodysplasia with vascular nevus.

    odontodysplasia is a rare clinicopathologic condition that has a variety of expressions, including a range of tooth coloration, formation of hypoplastic enamel affecting one or multiple teeth, bizarre radiographic appearance, and delayed eruption of teeth. An unusual case is presented of bilateral regional odontodysplasia associated with a vascular nevus of the face and neck. A review of the etiology with emphasis on the "local circulatory disease" theory is presented.
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7/19. Abnormal tooth tissue in human odontodysplasia.

    The affected teeth in this case of odontodysplasia exhibited abnormal hypoplastic enamel, abnormal dentin containing extensive interglobular regions and completely lacking a peritubular matrix, and an abnormal irregular tissue consisting of highly calcified and partially fused granules located within the dentin of the tooth tips. Electron micrographs of the irregular tissue showed that the granules consisted of crystallites densely and radically packed in a noncollagenous amorphous matrix. Granules were surrounded by a slightly calcified, irregularly arranged, collagenous matrix. The irregular tissue formed in the pulp of the tooth tip befofe and independently of the dentin. It was at least partially formed by pulpal calcification. Abnormal dentin matrix was formed by odontoblasts which were less differentiated than normal. Odontodysplastic teeth showed abnormal differentiation of odontoblasts and ameloblasts resulting in defective enamel and dentin and, in extreme cases, in extensive pulpal calcification.
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8/19. Regional odontodysplasia: new histopathological data.

    light microscopy, microradiography, SEM and TEM of 4 tooth follicles in a 12-year-old caucasian girl presenting regional odontodysplasia showed widespread globular dentin, calcifications located in the enlarged pulp chambers, hypoplastic and hypomineralized enamel. Hypomineralized strands were sandwiched between two normal enamel layers, which indicates that amelogenesis, interrupted for a while, has once more become established. The enamel surface was covered with calcoglobules. Numerous rounded calcifications were scattered within the dental follicles. Some of these occurred in microfibrils (possibly oxytalan fibers), distinct from collagen fibers. Calcification of the sheath surrounding epithelial rests was a conspicuous feature. The fibroblasts in contact with calcifications developed numerous cytoplasmic extensions, which suggests that they may have assumed a phagocytosis behaviour.
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9/19. Abnormal odontogenesis: report of case.

    All that can be concluded from the available information is that the lesion was a variation on the spectrum of developmental anomalies without a known etiology or a conclusive diagnosis. This lesion is most probably related to an aborted formation of a maxillary first premolar or immature complex odontoma. More information could have been obtained, if the surgery had been delayed until further development of the lesion and of the patient's dentition had occurred; but this was not feasible, since definitive treatment was required. Further radiographic and clinical follow-up may assist in confirming the suspicion of a displaced maxillary left first premolar, when the patient's dentition is further developed. Since the position of the impacted primary tooth had not changed by the first follow-up examination, it is anticipated that it will not erupt on its own and will require further treatment, possibly in the form of surgical exposure and orthodontic manipulation or surgical removal and space management.
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10/19. Regional odontodysplasia.

    A case of regional odontodysplasia is reported. An unusual feature, only twice previously described in the world literature of fifty-four cases, was the presence of an apparently normal tooth within the group of affectd teeth. The implications of such a finding for the various theories relating to aetiology and pathogenesis are discussed.
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