Cases reported "Odontogenic Cysts"

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11/244. Glandular odontogenic cyst. A rare entity with aggressive biological behaviour. A case report.

    Glandular Odontogenic cyst is an apparently rare jaw cyst characterised by typical histopathological features, propensity to reach large size and high rate of local recurrence, if not adequately treated. Identification of this cyst as a separate entity is important because of the difference in biological behaviour. We report a case of Glandular Odontogenic cyst occurring in maxilla. ( info)

12/244. An assessment of root cementum in cleidocranial dysplasia.

    The purpose of this prospective study was to determine if there is a difference between the amount of cellular and acellular cementum on the roots of 2 teeth extracted from a subject with cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) compared to 10 teeth extracted from 10 subjects unaffected by CCD. The cementum of 2 permanent teeth, which had been extracted from the CCD subject, was examined and histomorphometrically analyzed for comparison to the cementum of 10 anterior teeth that had been extracted from individuals who were unaffected by CCD. The percentage of the root covered by cellular or acellular cementum was quantified to determine if patients affected by CCD typically lack cellular cementum. In the roots of the 2 permanent teeth of the subject with CCD, a mean of 18.05 /- 10.67% was covered by cellular cementum and 76.90 /- 3.53% was covered by acellular cementum. In the 10 permanent teeth from subjects without CCD, a mean of 19.12 /- 15.60% of the root was covered by cellular cementum and 80.34 /- 15.71% was covered by acellular cementum. The findings indicate that there is no statistically significant difference between the amount of either cellular or acellular cementum covering the roots of the study subject with CCD and the roots of the 10 control teeth. The presumption that a lack of cellular cementum causes the increased number of unerupted teeth in patients with CCD is not supported by the findings of this study. ( info)

13/244. Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis in association with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    This study reports on the clinical and light microscopic features of a nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome with the complication of eosinophilic pustular folliculitis. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of such an association, which is possibly due to immune dysregulation. Moreover, the patient experienced remission of eosinophilic pustular folliculitis after removal of the jaw cyst. One possible explanation for the remission is that a long-lasting TH, type inflammatory response as a result of the bone defect produces effective cytokines such as interferon-gamma. ( info)

14/244. Odontogenic keratocyst with mural cartilaginous metaplasia: a case report and a review of the literature.

    Odontogenic keratocyst displaying foci of cartilaginous metaplasia in the connective tissue wall has been previously reported but is considered rare. We report a case of a 66-year-old man with an odontogenic keratocyst of the mandible. Benign-appearing metaplastic cartilage was observed in the wall of this cyst, as well as in the recurrence. A benign clinical course is documented, and a review of the literature detailing 6 previously reported cases is presented. ( info)

15/244. Odontogenic keratocyst of the maxilla presenting as periodontal abscess.

    This is a case report of an odontogenic keratocyst of the maxilla initially diagnosed and treated as a periodontal abscess. The occurrence of odontogenic keratocyst in the maxilla with involvement of the antrum is relatively rare. The radiological appearance of this lesion on both conventional and panoramic radiography can be misinterpreted and emphasizes the usefulness of the computed tomography in this region. ( info)

16/244. Unusual CT appearance in an odontogenic keratocyst of the mandible: case report.

    An expansile lesion in the body of the left mandible had high attenuation (225 HU) on nonenhanced CT scans. Histologic examination revealed an odontogenic keratocyst with no evidence of mineralization or calcification within the lesion. The high attenuation was considered to be due to highly concentrated protein of thick, viscous keratin in the lumen of the keratocyst. ( info)

17/244. Supernumerary premolars. Report of 10 cases.

    Supernumerary premolars are "extra" teeth morphologically belonging to the premolar group. Hyperdontia affecting premolars can be single (when only one supernumerary tooth is found), multiple (if several teeth are involved) or related to a syndrome such as cleidocranial dysplasia. Supernumerary premolars are the third most frequent group of supernumerary teeth, following mesiodens and fourth molars; the prevalence among the general population ranges from 0.09-0.64%. The present study describes 10 cases of supernumerary premolars treated in our Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Dental Clinic of the University of Barcelona. A late onset was demonstrated in one case, contrasting the present pantomograph with another obtained 5 years before. In only one case did the presence of a supernumerary premolar alter normal tooth eruption. Two supernumerary premolars were affected by follicular cysts. ( info)

18/244. Primary intraosseous verrucous carcinoma developing from a maxillary odontogenic cyst: case report.

    Primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) is an extremely rare lesion, almost always occurring in cranial bones. The origin of this tumor, specific to the maxillae, is associated with the cells of the epithelial rests of Malassez. Among the histotypes which can be included in these neoplasms, verrucous carcinoma is of particular interest due to its rarity: only a single case has been reported to date. After a short survey of the literature, the authors describe a directly observed case of verrucous carcinoma arising from a maxillary odontogenic cyst. ( info)

19/244. Traumatic bone cyst: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Traumatic bone cysts usually are found in young individuals and most frequently have the radiographic appearance of well-circumscribed radiolucent lesions with a tendency to scallop between the roots of the teeth. Two well-documented cases of traumatic bone cysts are presented in which some differences related to their radiographic features were observed. The possible explanations for these differences are discussed and a brief review of the literature regarding the main characteristics of traumatic bone cyst lesions also is provided. ( info)

20/244. Primary intraosseous carcinoma arising from an odontogenic cyst: a case report and review of the Japanese cases.

    A rare case of primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) arising from an odontogenic cyst in a 58-year-old man is reported. Clinical and radiological examinations revealed an odontogenic cyst of the maxilla. Histopathologically, the lesion was composed of a cyst with a parakeratotic epithelial lining and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, showing continuity between them without a connection to the oral mucosa. Twenty-eight well-documented Japanese cases of Type-1 PIOC, including the present case, were reviewed. The mean age of the 28 patients was 56.1 years, and the male to female ratio was 1.8:1.0. Compared with currently reported Japanese reviews of Type-3, foreign Type-1 and Type-3, there were no significant differences in mean patient age and sexual predominance, and no racial difference. The pathogenesis of Type-1 PIOC is also discussed. ( info)
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