Cases reported "Opioid-Related Disorders"

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1/3. Narcotic withdrawal syndrome following gastric bypass--a difficult diagnosis.

    BACKGROUND: It is common for bariatric patients to experience postoperative nausea, depression and remorse for several months following surgery. Difficulty exists for the surgeon in delineating the physical from the psychological in treating these patients. Preoperative education, evaluation and preparation, although essential, will not identify nor eliminate all potential problems. methods: We report the case history of a patient who ultimately underwent reversal of her gastric bypass. Her symptoms required multiple procedures and hospital admissions for what appeared to be anatomical problems. All procedures were done laparoscopically. RESULTS: The patient's main complaints of persistent nausea and abdominal pain combined with radiographic evidence of sub-optimal anatomic construct led to multiple operative procedures. Psychological intervention relative to the persistent nausea and abdominal pain was ineffectual, although the supportive and consistent nature of the psychotherapy relationship was useful in overall patient stability and emotional well being. Complete reversal of the bypass did not effect improvement. Ultimately, the diagnosis of narcotic withdrawal prompted the institution of methadone treatment with complete cessation of the symptoms of nausea and pain. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of narcotic withdrawal syndrome can be difficult in the postoperative bariatric patient. Psychological evaluation and support are essential elements of the program throughout the entire course of a patient's treatment experience. Laparoscopic techniques simplified the surgical care of this patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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2/3. Treatment of dual diagnosis patients: a relapse prevention group approach.

    The authors describe the successful use of an adjunctive group psychotherapy for substance-abusing patients with major psychiatric disorders (bipolar, schizophrenia, schizoaffective, psychotic depression, and atypical psychosis). The group utilizes a psychoeducational approach that focuses on substance abuse causes and consequences, principles of recovery, and relapse prevention strategies. Eight patients with prolonged histories of abuse of cocaine, alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs were enrolled in this weekly group treatment at a community mental health center drug treatment program, while continuing in treatment with their current case manager or primary therapist. Six of the eight patients achieved periods of stable abstinence, documented by self-report, urine toxicology screens, continued group attendance, and improved social functioning. Case examples are utilized to illustrate the group process.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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3/3. Group psychotherapy with methadone-maintained pregnant women.

    This article describes a group model of treatment for methadone-maintained pregnant women. Its purpose is to help health care providers alter their own stereotypical attitude toward this population by highlighting the beneficial aspects of group psychotherapy. Special emphasis is placed on developing a comprehensive care program with a biopsychosocial orientation.
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ranking = 5
keywords = psychotherapy
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