Cases reported "Oral Submucous Fibrosis"

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1/3. Bilateral small radial forearm flaps for the reconstruction of buccal mucosa after surgical release of submucosal fibrosis: a new, reliable approach.

    oral submucous fibrosis is a collagen disorder affecting the submucosal layer and often severely limiting mouth opening. Previous surgical treatments have been disappointing. This article introduces a new surgical approach: reconstructing the bilateral buccal mucosa with two small radial forearm flaps. The surgical method includes the complete surgical release of fibrotic buccal mucosa and, if necessary, a bilateral coronoidectomy and temporalis muscle myotomy. From 1997 to 1999, 15 patients with moderate-to-severe trismus received reconstructive surgery, for a total of 30 small radial forearm flaps after surgical release. The flap size was between 1.5 x 5 and 2.5 x 7 cm. All donor sites were directly closed, and all flaps survived completely, except for one with partial necrosis. Six flaps required minor revisions because of size redundancy. Two patients developed buccal cancer in the area of reconstruction. At an average of 12 months' follow-up, the inter-incisal distance averaged 33 mm, an increase of 17 mm compared with the preoperative value. The donor-site morbidity was minimal, except in one heavy smoker who developed dry gangrene of his fingertips. The use of two small free forearm flaps for buccal mucosa reconstruction allows more radical release of fibrotic tissue. Coronoidectomy and temporal muscle myotomy further contribute to the effect of trismus release. The combined effects of this approach have consistently given good results. An aggressive approach toward surgical treatment of this precancerous lesion also facilitates the detection of cancer at an early stage.
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keywords = precancerous
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2/3. oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy: a case report and review of literature.

    oral submucous fibrosis is commonly seen in the adult population of the ethnic minorities in the UK, although its presentation in a child is rare. Whilst the condition is considered multifactorial and irreversible, we present a case of oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy whose cessation of habitual betel nut chewing and forcible mouth chewing exercises led to an improvement in his mouth opening, although his ability to protrude his tongue remained unaltered. The clinical features, pathogenesis and management of submucous fibrosis are described. The widespread use of betel quid among Asians in the UK is summarized and the importance of its recognition as a precancerous condition is emphasized.
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keywords = precancerous
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3/3. oral submucous fibrosis in a 4-year-old girl.

    A rare case of oral submucous fibrosis in a 4-year-old Indian girl is presented. The condition is defined, and the clinical and laboratory features are discussed. Different treatment modalities and current theories of etiology are presented. Finally, the importance of regarding this condition as a precancerous lesion is supported.
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keywords = precancerous
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