Cases reported "Oral Submucous Fibrosis"

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1/15. Submucous fibrosis.

    The first recorded case of submucous fibrosis in a Chinese woman in papua new guinea is described. The essential clinical and pathological characteristics of the condition are presented and a scheme of management suggested. The pre-cancerous nature of the disease and the need for early diagnosis and regular review of affected patients are stressed. ( info)

2/15. Bilateral small radial forearm flaps for the reconstruction of buccal mucosa after surgical release of submucosal fibrosis: a new, reliable approach.

    oral submucous fibrosis is a collagen disorder affecting the submucosal layer and often severely limiting mouth opening. Previous surgical treatments have been disappointing. This article introduces a new surgical approach: reconstructing the bilateral buccal mucosa with two small radial forearm flaps. The surgical method includes the complete surgical release of fibrotic buccal mucosa and, if necessary, a bilateral coronoidectomy and temporalis muscle myotomy. From 1997 to 1999, 15 patients with moderate-to-severe trismus received reconstructive surgery, for a total of 30 small radial forearm flaps after surgical release. The flap size was between 1.5 x 5 and 2.5 x 7 cm. All donor sites were directly closed, and all flaps survived completely, except for one with partial necrosis. Six flaps required minor revisions because of size redundancy. Two patients developed buccal cancer in the area of reconstruction. At an average of 12 months' follow-up, the inter-incisal distance averaged 33 mm, an increase of 17 mm compared with the preoperative value. The donor-site morbidity was minimal, except in one heavy smoker who developed dry gangrene of his fingertips. The use of two small free forearm flaps for buccal mucosa reconstruction allows more radical release of fibrotic tissue. Coronoidectomy and temporal muscle myotomy further contribute to the effect of trismus release. The combined effects of this approach have consistently given good results. An aggressive approach toward surgical treatment of this precancerous lesion also facilitates the detection of cancer at an early stage. ( info)

3/15. oral submucous fibrosis in a 11-year-old Bangladeshi girl living in the United Kingdom.

    A case of oral submucous fibrosis occurring in a 11-year-old Bangladeshi girl is presented. This paper reviews the aetiology, clinical presentation and treatment modalities of oral submucous fibrosis. This case highlights the link between oral submucous fibrosis and the regular use of areca-nut (paan) and the newer transcultural oral tobacco products. This association has been reported among children resident in the Indian sub-continent but is unrecorded for United Kingdom residents. The case report underlines the danger that children face with products which are clearly targeted at them by the tobacco industry. ( info)

4/15. Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral mucosa after release of submucous fibrosis and bilateral small radial forearm flap reconstruction.

    oral submucous fibrosis is a collagen disorder that affects the submucosal layer of the upper digestive tract. The major cause is the habit of betel quid chewing, which is common in central, southern, and southeast asia. The progressive and irreversible course of disease results with trismus, dysphagia, xerostomia, and rhinolalia. The most serious complication of this disorder is the development of oral carcinoma, and the incidence in different series varies from 1.9 to 10 percent. A sufficient mouth opening can be achieved by complete release of fibrotic tissue, and coronoidectomy and temporal muscle myotomy when needed, and reconstruction of the resultant defect can be best achieved by microsurgical free-tissue transfer because of the discouraging results with skin grafting or local flaps. From April of 1997 to May of 2001, a total of 26 patients received reconstructive surgery with small radial forearm flaps after release of submucous fibrosis with or without temporalis muscle myotomy and coronoidectomy. All patients were men, with a mean age of 40.1 years (range, 18 to 62 years) and all had a history of betel nut chewing ranging from 8 to 40 years. The interincisal distance ranged from 5 to 29 mm, with a mean of 15 mm, before operation. After the release procedure, the interincisal distance increased to 40 mm (range, 35 to 50 mm). At a follow-up period of 3 to 48 months, the interincisal distance was a mean of 35 mm (range, 18 to 57 mm), with an average increase of 20 mm compared with the preoperative distance. During follow-up, three patients developed squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity 24 to 36 months after submucous fibrosis release. Two of them occurred in the release site and the other one occurred at the soft palate. Oral cancer occurred in three of 13 patients who had received release of submucous fibrosis and who were followed for longer than 2 years (range, 24 to 48 months), which means that 23 percent of these patients developed squamous cell carcinoma of the intraoral mucosa. High risk of cancer occurrence strongly indicates the importance of an earlier and more aggressive surgical approach toward submucous fibrosis, and long-term follow-up on a regular basis. The purpose of an early and aggressive approach to submucous fibrosis is to provide a good quality of life to the patient by improving oral hygiene and oral intake quality and at the same time to obtain a sufficient mouth opening, which is mandatory for the inspection of the excision site and the remaining oral mucosa during follow-up. ( info)

5/15. oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy: a case report and review of literature.

    oral submucous fibrosis is commonly seen in the adult population of the ethnic minorities in the UK, although its presentation in a child is rare. Whilst the condition is considered multifactorial and irreversible, we present a case of oral submucous fibrosis in a 12-year-old Bangladeshi boy whose cessation of habitual betel nut chewing and forcible mouth chewing exercises led to an improvement in his mouth opening, although his ability to protrude his tongue remained unaltered. The clinical features, pathogenesis and management of submucous fibrosis are described. The widespread use of betel quid among Asians in the UK is summarized and the importance of its recognition as a precancerous condition is emphasized. ( info)

6/15. Complete spontaneous remission of an aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with primary manifestation in the oral cavity.

    A well-documented case of complete spontaneous remission of a histopathologically supported highly malignant B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with primary manifestation in the oral cavity is presented. This regression, which has showed no signs of recurrence for more than 18 months, occurred following a diagnostic biopsy and without any therapeutic intervention. This report is followed by a short review on the literature upon spontaneous remission on Non-Hodgkin's-lymphoma. ( info)

7/15. Facial candida albicans cellulitis occurring in a patient with oral submucous fibrosis and unknown diabetes mellitus after local corticosteroid injection treatment.

    Facial cellulitis caused by odontogenic bacterial infection is frequently encountered; however, facial cellulitis caused by candida albicans infection is rarely found. A patient with oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and unknown diabetes mellitus (DM) was treated in our out-patient dental clinic by biweekly submucosal injection of 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide into bilateral buccal mucosae plus forced mouth opening performed by the two hands of the clinician. The interincisal distance of the patient improved from 28 to 48 mm after four times of steroid injection. The symptoms and signs of OSF also improved markedly. Unfortunately, facial candidal cellulitis occurred 2 months after the last time of steroid injection treatment. The infection was cured by incision and drainage, intravenous administration of amphotericin b (100 mg once a day for a week), and an appropriate medical control of DM. No recurrence of facial cellulitis was found during the follow-up period of 18 months. To prevent the occurrence of facial cellulitis after a high-dose steroid therapy, some prophylactic procedures should be taken before the initiation of the steroid treatment. ( info)

8/15. oral submucous fibrosis. Case report and review of the literature.

    A case history and brief literature review of oral submucous fibrosis is presented. This condition is most frequently found in the Indian subcontinent and only rarely encountered elsewhere. The aetiology is considered to be related to dietary habits and customs found in the population. The condition has a known malignant potential. With increasing migration to australia from the Indian subcontinent the condition should be known and recognized by clinicians. ( info)

9/15. Localized morphoea associated with oral submucous fibrosis.

    Localized morphoea is a disease characterized by localized sclerosis of the skin. The disease has been associated with several skin diseases. The case documented here is the first of its kind in which localized plaque type morphoea was seen in a patient with long standing oral submucous fibrosis. ( info)

10/15. oral submucous fibrosis.

    2 cases of oral submucous fibrosis have been reported. In each case, the diagnosis was confirmed histologically, and the treatment instituted was identical. Excision of buccal fibrotic bands was carried out, with subsequent placement of skin grafts. The patients were followed postoperatively to monitor results and particularly, to screen for malignant changes. The literature concerning oral submucous fibrosis is reviewed. ( info)
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