Cases reported "Orofaciodigital Syndromes"

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1/15. Fetal polycystic kidney disease in oro-facio-digital syndrome type I.

    We report a girl with oro-facio-digital syndrome type I (OFD I) associated with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), which was identified on fetal US and fetal MRI. After birth, the diagnosis of this X-linked dominant disorder, which is lethal in males, was achieved by recognition of facial dysmorphism, lingual hamartomas, postaxial polydactyly, brain malformations, and the existence of her deceased male sibling with similar malformations. adult PKD is a common feature in heterozygous females with OFD I. However, fetal PKD has been reported only in a lethal homozygous male. Our observation expands our knowledge about the phenotypic variations of PKD in OFD I.
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2/15. Discordance of oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 in monozygotic twin girls.

    The oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1) includes limb, facial, intraoral malformations and the gene for the disorder was recently mapped to Xp22.3-p22.2. We report on monozygotic twin girls discordant for OFD1. Monozygosity is supported by placental pathology (monochorionic diamniotic) and molecular studies with probability of dizygosity <1 x 10(-6). The affected twin has oral cavity abnormalities including median cleft lip, cleft palate, lobulated hamartomatous tongue, aberrant hyperplastic oral frenula, alveolar notches, and absent lateral incisors. Facial manifestations include telecanthus, hypoplastic alae nasi, and transient neonatal facial milia. The patient also has short and deviated fingers with partial cutaneous syndactyly. At 10 years, she has not had central nervous system or kidney problems. X-inactivation study revealed similar X-inactivation patterns in the lymphoblasts of both twins. We conclude that skewed X-inactivation is an unlikely cause for the discordance, which is more likely due to a postzygotic mutation in the affected twin.
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ranking = 0.00169530816388
keywords = kidney
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3/15. Polycystic kidney disease in a patient with the oral-facial-digital syndrome - type I.

    Bilateral polycystic kidneys and chronic renal failure were observed in a 48-year-old woman with the classic clinical features of the oral-facial-digital syndrome, Type I (OFD-I). Since this association has been previously reported in two other patients, these findings suggest that polycystic kidneys may be a hitherto unrecognized manifestation of the oral-facial-digital syndrome.
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ranking = 0.80339061632776
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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4/15. Orofaciodigital syndrome type I in a girl with unilateral tibial pseudarthrosis.

    The orofaciodigital syndromes are a group of possibly seven different malformation syndromes including oral, facial, and digital malformations. Type I has X linked dominant inheritance whereas the other types show autosomal recessive inheritance. An exact diagnosis is therefore important for genetic counselling. We here report a girl with orofaciodigital syndrome type I. She had cystic kidney disease at the age of 8 months which has not previously been reported in an infant with orofaciodigital syndrome. In addition she had unilateral tibial pseudarthrosis which has only rarely been reported in the orofaciodigital syndromes and in type II only.
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keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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5/15. Oral-facial-digital syndrome VII is oral-facial-digital syndrome I: a clarification.

    We report on further clinical findings in the one single family in the literature classified as oral-facial-digital (OFD) type VII in order to demonstrate that the diagnosis in this kindred should, in fact, be OFD type I. The mother and the daughter described in the original report have since developed polycystic kidney disease. In addition, the daughter recently had a daughter of her own with central nervous system, oral and digital anomalies. Linkage studies have shown that all the affected women share the same haplotype across the previously identified region Xp22.2p22.3 to which OFD I maps. Although the pedigree was too small for a significant lod score, the combination of clinical and molecular information clearly shows that the disease in this family is OFD I. We report this family in order to clarify and simplify the classification of the oral-facial-digital syndrome spectrum and to recommend the removal of OFD VII from the classification system of the oral-facial-digital syndromes.
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keywords = kidney
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6/15. Renal cystic disease associated with orofaciodigital syndrome.

    Three families affected by the rare genetic disorder orofaciodigital syndrome, type I (OFD-1) were screened by computed tomography (CT) to determine the presence of cysts in the kidneys and liver, an association known to occur but not previously described in the radiologic literature. Renal cystic changes in four females with oral, facial, and digital malformations were variable and not distinguishable from other inherited cystic kidney diseases. One patient had biliary ectasia and hepatic cysts. "Polycystic" kidneys occurring only in female members of a family should suggest OFD-1, an X-linked dominant disorder that is lethal in utero in males. patients known to have the syndrome should be screened for cystic renal disease.
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ranking = 0.20339061632776
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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7/15. The orocraniodigital syndrome of Juberg and Hayward.

    We report three new isolated cases of orocraniodigital syndrome (Juberg-Hayward syndrome). The main clinical features of this unusual birth defect (six patients from three families described so far) are cleft lip/palate, hypertelorism, bowed and upward slanting eyebrows, thumb hypo/aplasia or proximal/distal thumb displacement, luxation of the radial head, elbow restriction, minor vertebral and rib anomalies, and horseshoe kidneys. New features observed in our patients are severe mental impairment (not correlated with the severity of the malformations), anterior anal displacement, and ptosis. Recessive inheritance is likely, but autosomal dominant inheritance cannot yet be totally ruled out; therefore, genetic counselling of parents of an affected child and of affected patients themselves must be cautious.
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ranking = 0.00169530816388
keywords = kidney
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8/15. Clinical, molecular, and genotype-phenotype correlation studies from 25 cases of oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1: a French and Belgian collaborative study.

    Oral-facial-digital syndrome type 1 (OFD1) is characterised by an X linked dominant mode of inheritance with lethality in males. Clinical features include facial dysmorphism with oral, tooth, and distal abnormalities, polycystic kidney disease, and central nervous system malformations. Large interfamilial and intrafamilial clinical variability has been widely reported, and 18 distinct mutations have been previously reported within OFD1. A French and Belgian collaborative study collected 25 cases from 16 families. OFD1 was analysed using direct sequencing and phenotype-genotype correlation was performed using chi2 test. X inactivation studies were performed on blood lymphocytes. In 11 families, 11 novel mutations, including nine frameshift, one nonsense, and one missense mutation were identified, which spanned nine different exons. A combination of our results with previously reported cases showed that the majority of mutations (65.5%) was located in exons 3, 8, 9, 13, and 16. There was phenotype-genotype correlation between (a) polycystic kidney disease and splice mutations; (b) mental retardation and mutations located in exons 3, 8, 9, 13, and 16; and (c) tooth abnormalities and mutations located in coiled coil domains. Comparing the phenotype of the families with a pathogenic mutation to families with absence of OFD1 mutation, polycystic kidneys and short stature were significantly more frequent in the group with no OFD1 mutation, whereas lingual hamartomas were significantly more frequent in the group with OFD1 mutation. Finally, an X inactivation study showed non-random X inactivation in a third of the samples. Differential X inactivation between mothers and daughters in two families with high intrafamilial variability was of particular interest. Slight phenotype-genotype correlations were established, and X inactivation study showed that skewed X inactivation could be partially involved in the pathogenesis of intrafamilial clinical variability.
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ranking = 0.20339061632776
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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9/15. Polycystic kidneys, pancreatic cysts, and cystadenomatous bile ducts in the oral-facial-digital syndrome type I.

    Oral-facial-digital syndrome type I is a group of X-linked dominant conditions, lethal in utero in male individuals. Internal anomalies are less well documented than are external findings. We report a case of typical phenotype and absent family history of kidney disease in a 15-year-old white girl (46,XX) who died of renal failure and massive cerebral hemorrhage. At necropsy, the kidneys were greatly enlarged but of fairly normal shape. The cortex was replaced by thin-walled spherical cysts, 0.5 to 2.0 cm in diameter; the majority of the smaller cysts were located deep in the cortex, and the medulla contained lesser numbers of larger cysts. No distal urinary tract obstruction was present. microdissection revealed cysts and diverticula located in all segments of the nephrons and collecting ducts. Uninvolved nephrons showed diffuse hypertrophy. These findings were correlated with immunoperoxidase stains using peanut lectin, lotus tetragonolobus agglutinin, antibodies to cytokeratins, stage-specific embryonic antigen-1, Tamm-Horsfall protein, and epithelial membrane antigen. Other visceral anomalies included biliary cystadenomatous proliferation in the liver and pancreatic cysts. The renal changes are similar to those of autosomal dominant (adult-type) polycystic disease.
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ranking = 0.2084765408194
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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10/15. Variability of expression of the orofaciodigital syndrome type I in black females: six cases.

    Orofaciodigital syndrome type I (OFD I) includes striking orodental, facial, digital, renal, and central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities. Frequently associated with mental retardation, OFD I is inherited as an X-linked dominant trait, lethal in males. Here, we report the variable expressivity of OFD I in 6 black U.S. females and review findings in 2 previously reported black patients. Only these 8 of over 160 reported cases involve blacks. Abnormalities observed in black patients are similar to those observed in whites, but with specific differences. Only 25% of the blacks had cleft palate and none was observed with midline cleft of the upper lip. Among whites, 80% have cleft palate and 45% midline cleft of the upper lip. These findings suggest that racial genetic factors may protect lip and palate development in blacks, even in the presence of the OFD I gene. CNS abnormalities, including agenesis of the corpus callosum, hydrocephaly, cystic brain lesions, seizures, and mental retardation, were present in 50% of our the cases. This figure is greater than previously reported. Polycystic kidneys were present in 3 of our patients. Including a previously reported patient, 50% of the black OFD I patients show polycystic kidneys. Hyperplastic and supernumerary frenula, with or without brachydactyly, have been shown to be strong diagnostic criteria in our patients. New findings reported here include intracranial berry aneurysm, periodontal disease, and lip pits. Clinicians treating these patients should be aware of the pleiotropic manifestations of the syndrome, which may include renal and CNS anomalies. Ultrasonic and computed tomography scan studies are indicated in patients diagnosed with OFD I.
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ranking = 0.00339061632776
keywords = kidney
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