Cases reported "Oropharyngeal Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/19. Oral and oropharyngeal cancer, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and smoking. A follow-up study.

    In a series of 50 consecutive cases with oral or oropharyngeal malignancies, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) inducibility and smoking habits were studied. 82% of the patients were smokers. The AHH levels were divided into high, intermediate and low groups and were correlated to a healthy control material also divided into the groups mentioned. A significant overrepresentation of patients with a high AHH level (p less than 0.0005) as well as an underrepresentation of low AHH levels (p less than 0.01) was found. Smokers with a high AHH level run a sixfold risk of developing cancer in this area and develop it earlier in life than people with low or intermediate AHH levels. Recurrences or secondary malignancies in the upper digestive tract or airways were substantially higher in the high AHH level group as compared to the other. A high AHH inducibility level thus is of both pathogenetic as well as prognostic importance in oral and/or oropharyngeal cancer.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/19. Upper airway obstruction secondary to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Kaposi's sarcoma.

    A 45-year-old man with a history of intravenous drug use presented with acute respiratory distress. A pulsus paradoxus of 42 mm Hg, accessory respiratory muscle use and stridor were present. Examination of the oropharynx revealed multiple 1 to 2 cm purple lesions of the gingiva and hard palate. A purple tumor mass in the posterior pharynx obstructed the view of the larynx. An emergency tracheostomy was performed resulting in hemorrhage into the respiratory tract. autopsy revealed disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma and large blood clots in the trachea and main stem bronchus. This case illustrates the occurrence of life threatening involvement of the upper aerodigestive tract with Kaposi's sarcoma and hemorrhagic complications resulting from surgical manipulation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 56.534776903734
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/19. Pharyngeal obstruction by Kaposi's sarcoma in a homosexual male with acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

    A homosexual man with AIDS developed multifocal KS with involvement of the palate, larynx, trachea, and esophagus. Symptoms included dysphagia and gagging with resultant inanition. Short-course local radiation therapy effectively resolved the mucosal KS lesions in the treated areas. Other otolaryngologic manifestations included herpes stomatitis and oral candidiasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5708375411737
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/19. Oropharyngeal teratoma in a child: a case report.

    Teratoid tumours of the oropharynx are notorious for obstructing the airways and interfering with alimentation. We report here a healthy 20-day old neonate who presented with a painless growth in the floor of the mouth from birth. In this neonate, the tumour interfered with breast-feeding but not with bottle-feeding which the child tolerated very well. At operation, the tumour was easily enucleated, weighed 6G and was histologically consistent with a teratoma. The commonest site for this tumour is the nasopharynx and only 26 oropharyngeal teratomas have been reported in the English literature. The differential diagnosis of congenital oral growths should include a teratoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/19. Hairy polyp of the oropharynx: an unusual cause of intermittent neonatal airway obstruction.

    Oropharyngeal hairy polyps are rare benign congenital tumours that usually present at birth or shortly afterwards with acute upper airway obstruction or feeding difficulties. We describe a case of intermittent airway obstruction in a neonate caused by a mobile hairy polyp of the tonsil. This rare benign lesion proved difficult to diagnose because of its tendency to prolapse into the nasopharynx.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 84.802165355601
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/19. Epignathus: report of a case with successful outcome.

    Epignathus is an extremely rare form of teratoma that arises from the palate or pharynx in the region of the basisphenoid (Rathke's pouch). This condition is associated with a high mortality rate caused by severe airway obstruction in the neonatal period, thus requiring prenatal planning and prompt surgical treatment after birth. The authors describe a case of a giant epignathus that was successfully resected followed by an uneventful recovery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 14.133694225933
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/19. The cuffed oropharyngeal airway as an aid to fibreoptic intubation.

    The cuffed oropharyngeal airway is a new disposable airway based on the Guedel oral airway. It has an asymmetrical cuff which provides a seal as well as lifting the base of the tongue forwards, and a 15-mm connector allowing attachment to an anaesthetic breathing system. The device does not extend beyond the vallecula, so that the laryngeal inlet can be visualised with a fibreoptic laryngoscope passed between the cuff of the device and the pharyngeal wall. The advantage is that ventilation is maintained throughout the intubating sequence. We describe its use in a patient with oropharyngeal carcinoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 7
keywords = airway
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/19. teratoma in a newborn: an unusual cause of airway obstruction.

    We report the case of a newborn girl who presented with an inspiratory stridor and apneic episodes due to a mass in the oropharynx. On flexible pharyngo-laryngoscopy, it appeared that on inspiration this swelling, originating from the oropharynx, was sucked into the larynx, obstructing the airway. After intubation under flexible optic control the swelling was excised using the CO2-laser. Histopathological examination showed a teratoma of the oropharynx. The postoperative course was uneventful. Teratomas of the oropharynx are rare and are treated by surgical excision. If respiratory distress accompanies the lesion, priority must be given to securing the airway.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 58.534776903734
keywords = airway obstruction, airway, obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/19. Retrograde approach to pharyngo-esophageal obstruction.

    BACKGROUND: The entrance of the esophagus has to be identified for treatment of a pharyngo-esophageal obstruction. If transoropharyngeal identification is unsuccessful, a retrograde approach might be indicated. methods: By way of a mini-laparotomy and gastrotomy, a flexible gastroscope can be passed into the esophagus. In one patient with a Zenker's diverticulum, a guidewire was inserted through the accessory channel of the gastroscope and passed through a stenosis, caused by marked hypertrophy of the cricopharyngeal muscle, into the oral cavity. Thereafter antegrade dilatation and laser assisted myotomy could be performed. In another patient with a membranous obstruction of the esophageal entrance due to radiotherapy, the occlusion was perforated transoropharyngeally and bluntly dilatated guided by the light from the gastroscope. RESULTS: In both cases the esophageal passage was restored. No complications occurred as a result of the procedures. CONCLUSIONS: The retrograde approach may be a good alternative when antegrade identification of the esophageal entrance fails.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.3562563117605
keywords = obstruction
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous |


Leave a message about 'Oropharyngeal Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.