Cases reported "Ossification, Heterotopic"

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1/226. Basal cell carcinoma with massive ossification.

    We report a case of basal cell carcinoma with massive ossification in a 66-year-old white man. Ossification in various benign and malignant neoplasms have been reported including basal cell carcinomas, in which ossifications are seen in small foci or peripheral rim of the tumor. However, in our case, massive ossification is seen throughout the tumor, and only small areas of the periphery of the tumor show diagnostic histology. Therefore, this case might have presented a diagnostic difficulty or been misdiagnosed as an osteoma cutis if a smaller incisional or punch biopsy had been performed. The phenomenon of bone formation itself is not specific for any diagnostic entity, and therefore an underlying lesion should be carefully sought in case of secondary ossification.
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2/226. spinal cord compression caused by unusual location and extension of ossified ligamenta flava in a Caucasian male. A case report and literature review.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report of a spinal cord compression caused by ossification of the ligamenta flava is presented together with a review of the literature. OBJECTIVE: To present the diagnosis of ossification of the ligamenta flava in a Caucasian man with a proximal thoracic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: This case shows that the upper parts of the thoracic spine can be involved in ossification of the ligamenta flava, which never before has been reported in Caucasian individuals. Furthermore, it is advised that computed tomography scanning and magnetic resonance imaging be combined to provide an accurate diagnosis and proper preoperative evaluation of the bony changes, spinal cord, and compression of the spinal cord. methods: A patient with a thoracic spinal cord compression caused by ossification of the ligamenta flava was treated surgically and made a good clinical recovery. Imaging studies, surgical findings, and results of histopathologic investigations were analyzed to substantiate the diagnosis. RESULTS: The results of the surgical findings seemed to be in contrast with those of the imaging studies. This contrast was occasioned by the uncommon perioperative finding of a fusion of the completely ossified upper and lower parts of the involved adjacent ligamenta flava. Ossification of the ligamenta flava was diagnosed by histopathologic examination, which revealed endochondral ossification and lamellar bone formation without fragments of ligamenta flava. CONCLUSION: Although rarely reported in whites, ossification of the ligamenta flava should be considered in all patients presenting with a spinal cord compression, even at high thoracic levels. The prognosis after decompressive surgery can be good, especially if intramedullary hyperintensities are absent on preoperatively performed T2-weighted magnetic resonance images.
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keywords = formation
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3/226. Fibro-osseous lesions of the external auditory canal.

    OBJECTIVES: To differentiate a novel type of benign circumscribed bone lesion of the external auditory canal from those described previously, such as exostoses and osteomas. STUDY DESIGN: Information was obtained from computed tomography (CT) images, surgical findings, and pathologic study. methods: Five patients (26 to 82 years old) who presented a hard, round, unilateral, skin-covered mass occluding the external auditory canal to varying degrees were studied. A CT study carried out before resection of the lesions by curettage disclosed the absence of a bony connection to the underlying structures. All the tissue specimens underwent pathologic study. RESULTS: CT and surgical findings demonstrated the absence of a connective pedicle. The pathologic findings showed lesions consisting of an osteoma-like bone formation with sparse osteoblastic areas; mature lamellar bone was observed in three cases, bone marrow containing adipose tissue and hematopoietic remnants in two, and a dense, collagenous stroma in another. They all showed irregular trabeculae, bordered by osteoid osteoblasts. In no case was there evidence of a relationship to the cartilaginous tissue or to the bony structures of the external auditory canal. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained from the clinical, CT, surgical, and pathologic findings suggest the existence of a lesion unlike those previously known, possibly related to ossifying reactions in other parts of the organism.
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keywords = formation
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4/226. Preoperative interactive 2D-3D computed tomography assessment of heterotopic bone.

    Total hip arthroplasty is a common orthopaedic procedure in this country. Postoperative heterotopic bone formation may be seen in anywhere from 5% to 76% of such procedures. Only a small subgroup of these patients are symptomatic. Approximately 6% of arthroplasty patients require evaluation of heterotopic bone. In such patients, computed tomography may be useful in staging the extent of bone formation and in helping to plan surgical or radiotherapy treatment. Reformatting transaxial data into coronal and sagittal planar images and into simulated three-dimensional images provides the most comprehensive overview and maximizes communication of relevant findings.
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keywords = formation
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5/226. Heterotopic bone formation in association with pelvic fracture and urethral disruption.

    PURPOSE: The initial and secondary management of pelvic fracture associated with disruption of the membranous urethra is the subject of a wide literature containing varied and controversial viewpoints. We have noted the presence of heterotopic bone formation surrounding the area of urethral injury in patients undergoing delayed repair. We investigated the etiology, incidence and risk factors associated with such an injury, as well as potential means of prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND methods: We reviewed the current literature on heterotopic bone formation with similar traumatic injury. While instances of severe urethral disruption of this type are fortunately rare in children we describe prepubertal boys with such an injury complicated by heterotopic ossification. RESULTS: The incidence of heterotopic ossification reported in children and adolescents is 3 to 15%, which is less than 15 to 80% reported in adults. risk factors associated with traumatic heterotopic ossification include prolonged operating time, hematoma formation, degree of bony debris, devitalized muscle and concomitant infection. Prophylaxis with single low dose radiation or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been shown to be effective in the prevention of heterotopic ossification and may be beneficial in this patient population. CONCLUSIONS: Heterotopic bone formation associated with severe traumatic injury in the presence of devitalized tissue resulting in the pathological formation of new bone is rare. This complication is only associated with the most severe pelvic fractures. Prophylaxis in these most severe cases with low dose radiation or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can prevent the formation of heterotopic bone.
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6/226. osteophyte formation in association with Dupuytren's disease.

    Three cases in which there was osteophyte formation on the middle phalanx at the site of insertion of retrovascular cords of Dupuytren's disease are presented.
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keywords = formation
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7/226. Osseous metaplasia in a growth hormone-secreting pituitary adenoma.

    A case of growth hormone-secreting adenoma of the pituitary gland showing osseous metaplasia is described in a 56-year-old acromegalic female. The tumor was composed of nests of densely granulated cells separated by and intermixed with calcifications, trabeculae of mature bone and fat. Calcifications are seldom found in pituitary adenomas. In rare instances, calcium deposits can be prominent enough to lead to the formation of pituitary stones and bone which replace the entire tumor mass. Analogously with metaplastic meningiomas, we propose using the term metaplastic adenoma to define cases with osseous metaplasia in order to distinguish between lesions containing bone from the more frequently seen calcified adenomas.
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keywords = formation
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8/226. Ossifying pituitary gonadotroph adenoma: A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Bone formation in pituitary adenomas is a rare finding. Only two previous cases were published, occurring in a prolactin- producing and a growth hormone- producing pituitary adenoma respectively, both in pre-menopausal women. CLINICAL MATERIAL: This is the third report of an ossified pituitary adenoma and the first report of a pituitary gonadotroph adenoma with bone formation occurring in an elderly man. MRI imaging revealed an unusual eggshell cap-like calcified structure surrounding the tumor. Histologically, the adenoma contained irregularly anastomosing trabecules with well formed lacunae and osteoblasts along the margins. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient tumor blood supply may trigger proliferation of connective tissue that subsequently undergoes osteoid metaplasia. Pituitary adenoma with osteoid metaplasia should be included in the differential diagnosis of calcifying tumors in the sella region.
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keywords = formation
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9/226. Renal cell carcinoma with massive osseous metaplasia and bone marrow elements.

    Focal calcifications are frequently seen in renal masses and may be present in renal cell carcinomas. Metaplastic bone formation, on the other hand, is a rare event. We report a unique case of a large calcified renal cell carcinoma with massive osseous metaplasia and bone marrow elements. The clinical and pathologic differential diagnosis for this tumor is discussed along with a review of the literature on this unusual phenomenon.
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keywords = formation
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10/226. Bone formation in a carcinoma of the maxillary antrum.

    Malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses are rare: about 80% are found in the maxillary sinus123. The presence of dense radiopaque masses in combination with destruction of the bone margins suggests osteosarcoma or aspergillosis4 rather than carcinoma. We present a unique mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary antrum containing new bone formation and discuss the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 5
keywords = formation
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