Cases reported "Osteoarthritis"

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1/270. Anteroposterior atlantoaxial subluxation in cervical spine osteoarthritis: case reports and review of the literature.

    Nontraumatic anteroposterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS) has been described in several rheumatic or inherited disorders, especially rheumatoid arthritis and to a lesser extent the inflammatory spondyloarthropathies. We describe AAS secondary to osteoarthritis (OA) of the cervical spine in a 76-year-old man and a 73-year-old woman with severe cervical OA, symptomatic C1-C2 facet joints, and signs of generalized OA. Only 6 similar cases exist in the literature. OA should be added to the causes of AAS, and conversely AAS should be assessed in cases with severe OA of the upper cervical spine.
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ranking = 1
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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2/270. Low power laser therapy and analgesic action.

    OBJECTIVE: The semiconductor or laser diode (GaAs, 904 nm) is the most appropriate choice in pain reduction therapy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Low-power density laser acts on the prostaglandin (PG) synthesis, increasing the change of PGG2 and PGH2 into PG12 (also called prostacyclin, or epoprostenol). The last is the main product of the arachidonic acid into the endothelial cells and into the smooth muscular cells of vessel walls, that have a vasodilating and anti-inflammatory action. methods: Treatment was performed on 372 patients (206 women and 166 men) during the period between May 1987 and January 1997. The patients, whose ages ranged from 25 to 70 years, with a mean age of 45 years, suffered from rheumatic, degenerative, and traumatic pathologies as well as cutaneous ulcers. The majority of patients had been seen by orthopedists and rheumatologists and had undergone x-ray examination. All patients had received drug-based treatment and/or physiotherapy with poor results; 5 patients had also been irradiated with He:Ne and CO2 lasers. Two-thirds were experiencing acute symptomatic pain, while the others suffered long-term pathology with recurrent crises. We used a pulsed diode laser, GaAs 904 nm wavelength once per day for 5 consecutive days, followed by a 2-day interval. The average number of applications was 12. We irradiated the trigger points, access points to the joint, and striated muscles adjacent to relevant nerve roots. RESULTS: We achieved very good results, especially in cases of symptomatic osteoarthritis of the cervical vertebrae, sport-related injuries, epicondylitis, and cutaneous ulcers, and with cases of osteoarthritis of the coxa. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with 904-nm diode laser has substantially reduced the symptoms as well as improved the quality of life of these patient, ultimately postponing the need for surgery.
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ranking = 0.39999084790578
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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3/270. Septic arthritis caused by corynebacterium amycolatum following vascular graft sepsis.

    A case of septic arthritis caused by corynebacterium amycolatum in a native hip joint occurred in an adult man following contralateral vascular graft sepsis, and was successfully treated with intravenous vancomycin followed by oral doxycycline and rifampicin. To the authors' knowledge, this is the only reported case of septic arthritis due to C. amycolatum.
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ranking = 0.00013728141334507
keywords = arthritis
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4/270. shoulder joint replacement for osteoarthrosis in association with thalidomide-induced phocomelia.

    The natural history of thalidomide-induced phocomelia has not yet been established since only 35 years have elapsed since the problems associated with this drug became evident. This paper presents what is considered to be the first case of osteoarthrosis in such an individual treated by shoulder joint replacement. Joint arthoplasty is almost certainly going to become an integral part of the life-long rehabilitation process in such affected individuals.
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ranking = 3.2977269249583
keywords = osteoarthrosis
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5/270. diclofenac-associated hepatitis.

    This patient, who had a history of osteoarthritis, had severe hepatitis 5 weeks after being started on diclofenac for increasing pain in the joints. A week before the onset of hepatitis, the patient complained of upper gastrointestinal symptoms and was treated for gastritis. Seven days later, she had full-blown, severe hepatitis. diclofenac was immediately stopped, leading to a complete restoration of liver functions over the course of the next few months. We highlight the importance of having a high index of suspicion for hepatic side effects of diclofenac and emphasize the need for increased awareness of this rare but potentially serious problem. We also review relevant literature regarding incidence and management.
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ranking = 0.19999542395289
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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6/270. osteoarthritis caused by Neocosmospora vasinfecta.

    We report the case of a patient who developed an ankle osteoarthritis due to the Ascomycete Neocosmospora vasinfecta, following accidental multiple trauma to his legs in whilst in africa. Antifungal susceptibility testing was performed. Despite a low amphotericin b minimal inhibitory concentration, parenteral antifungal therapy failed and amputation was required to resolve the osteoarthritis. Possible reasons for the failure of this antifungal treatment are examined.
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ranking = 0.40008236884801
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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7/270. Rearrangement of the neoplasia-associated gene HMGIC in synovia from patients with osteoarthritis.

    The occurrence of clonal chromosome aberrations in short-term cultures from synovia, osteophytes, and cartilage from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) was recently reported. Among these aberrations, a recurrent involvement of chromosome bands 12q13-15 in structural rearrangements was detected in both synovia and osteophytes. Chromosomal abnormalities of 12q13-15 are frequent among malignant and benign mesenchymal tumors, and it was recently demonstrated that the molecular target in these neoplasms is the HMGIC gene. In this study, we show by fluorescence in situ hybridization that HMGIC was disrupted by rearrangements of 12q15 in synovia from two patients with OA. The finding of HMGIC rearrangement in a lesion that is not traditionally regarded as neoplastic not only widens the spectrum of disorders that may be associated with altered function of this gene, but also provides further support for the notion that genetically rearranged cell populations are part of the OA process.
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ranking = 0.99997711976444
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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8/270. Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle with severe osteoarthritis: report of a case.

    A rare case of simple bone cyst in the mandibular condyle of a 33-year-old woman is reported. The condition was difficult to diagnose because the cyst was accompanied by severe osteoarthritis. T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images revealed a cystic lesion with intermediate signal intensity within the condylar head and an irregular margin with intermediate signal intensity on the superior surface of the condyle. The patient was treated by high condylectomy, discectomy and reconstruction by sagittal split ramus osteotomy. Histopathological examination showed a simple bone cyst in the condylar head and erosion of the anterior articular surface due to degenerative changes.
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ranking = 0.99997711976444
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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9/270. Autosomal dominant hypoparathyroidism associated with short stature and premature osteoarthritis.

    Familial hypoparathyroidism is an unusual and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that may be isolated or may be associated with congenital or acquired abnormalities in other organs or glands. We have evaluated a family with a novel syndrome of autosomal dominant hypoparathyroidism, short stature, and premature osteoarthritis. A 74-yr-old female (generation I) presented with hypoparathyroidism, a movement disorder secondary to ectopic calcification of the cerebellum and basal ganglia, and a history of knee and hip replacements for osteoarthritis. Two members of generation II and one member of generation III were also documented with hypoparathyroidism, short stature, and premature osteoarthritis evident as early as 11 yr. Because of the known association between autosomal dominant hypoparathyroidism and activating mutations of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) gene, further studies were performed. Sequencing of PCR-amplified genomic dna revealed a leucine to valine substitution at position 616 in the first transmembrane domain of the CaR, which cosegregated with the disorder. However, this amino acid sequence change did not affect the total accumulation of inositol phosphates as a function of extracellular calcium concentrations in transfected HEK-293 cells. In conclusion, a sequence alteration in the coding region of the CaR gene was identified, but is not conclusively involved in the etiology of this novel syndrome. The cosegregation of hypoparathyroidism, short stature, and osteoarthritis in this kindred does suggest a genetic abnormality involving a common molecular mechanism in parathyroid, bone, and cartilage.
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ranking = 1.5999633916231
keywords = osteoarthritis, arthritis
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10/270. Surgical correction of temporomandibular joint arthritis.

    Restoration of the contour of the articular eminence with a prosthesis has been successful when chronic sublaxation has resulted from flattening of the eminence. Use of a prosthesis is helpful in the treatment of patients with arthritic disease of the temporomandibular joint. A careful differential diagnosis is necessary to eliminate other possible causes of the patient's symptoms.
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ranking = 9.1520942230044E-5
keywords = arthritis
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