Cases reported "Osteochondroma"

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1/100. Atypical decubital fibroplasia associated with bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's reaction).

    We describe recurring bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's reaction) associated with atypical decubital fibroplasia in the region of the greater trochanter of the femur in a 52-year-old man. We hypothesize that these two recently introduced entities may represent two forms of tissue response to injury (ischemia) inducing proliferative reaction of bone and cartilage in the vicinity of periosteum, and necroses with hyperplastic granulation tissue and myxoid stroma in the subcutaneous tissues.
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2/100. Osteochondroma and secondary synovial osteochondromatosis.

    Secondary synovial osteochondromatosis (SOC) is a rare disorder caused by a variety of joint disorders. Two unusual cases of secondary SOC are presented. The first patient is a 43-year-old man with extensive SOC developing within a bursa surrounding an osteochondroma of the pubic bone. The second patient is a 23-year-old man who developed florid and progressive SOC of his hip joint following excision of a femoral neck osteochondroma. SOC recurred despite three excisions over a 15-month period. Imaging was useful in pre-operative diagnosis of bursal SOC in the first patient and in detecting multiple recurrences in the second patient. Both cases illustrate prominent SOC developing secondary to osteochondroma. The different hypotheses regarding bursal and secondary SOC are reviewed.
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3/100. osteosarcoma arising in a solitary osteochondroma of the fibula.

    We present a case of osteosarcoma arising in an osteochondroma of the right fibula in a 30-year-old woman. The available radiographic studies of the lesion were not suggestive of malignant transformation. The lesion and underlying bone were excised. Histologic examination showed a conventional high-grade osteoblastic osteosarcoma that focally eroded the fibrocartilaginous cap. The patient received postoperative chemotherapy and shows no evidence of disease 27 months following operation. The occurrence of osteosarcoma in an osteochondroma is an extremely rare event, and only a few cases are on record in the literature.
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4/100. Osteochondroma of the L-5 vertebra: a rare cause of sciatic pain. Case report.

    Solitary or multiple osteochondromas, which are benign bone tumors that usually occur in the long bones, are rarely found in the vertebral column. When present in the spine, however, they have a predilection for the cervical or upper thoracic regions. The authors present the case of a solitary osteochondroma arising from the left L-5 articular process that contributed to sciatica; complete cure was achieved following its removal. It is possible to speculate that the cartilage of secondary ossification centers can be the origin of aberrant islands of cartilaginous tissue that cause the osteochondroma to form. The more rapid the ossification process of these centers, the greater the probability that aberrant cartilage will form. Therefore, the fact that osteochondromas are more frequently located in the higher segments of the vertebral column could be explained by the different durations of the ossification processes in these centers, which increase gradually below the cervical segments.
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5/100. arthrodesis of the distal tibiofibular joint for a large osteochondroma in an adult.

    A case of a large osteochondroma of the distal tibia with distortion of the distal tibiofibular joint is presented. This could not be managed by traditional means, as excision would have resulted in ankle and tibiofibular joint instability. The problem was overcome by performing an arthrodesis. Only enough bone from both the tibia and the fibula was excised to provide a host bed for bone graft. We believe that symptomatic osteochondromata should usually be excised. However, if this would result in damage, then the method described offers an alternative management strategy.
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6/100. Extraskeletal osteochondroma of the foot.

    A case of pathologically proven extraskeletal osteochondroma is presented with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), bone scan and radiographic findings. The diagnosis of extraskeletal osteochondroma should be considered when a discrete, ossified mass is localized in the soft tissues of the distal extremities. Nomenclature surrounding this entity is controversial and is discussed.
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7/100. Osteochondroma of the mandibular body.

    We have treated four cases of osseous ostechondromas arising on the mandibular body, where this tumor rarely presents on the craniomaxillofacial bones. There were no recurrences after simple surgical resection of these tumors.
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8/100. Cervical myelopathy due to an osteochondroma in a 73-year-old female. The oldest case in the literature.

    An osteochondroma is a common developmental tumor of bone characterized by abnormal peri-physeal ectopic enchondral ossification. This results in a cartilage-capped subperiosteal bony projection, which may be either sessile or pedunculated. These lesions are said to grow until skeletal maturity. The cartilage cap is thought to become thinner as the patient ages beyond skeletal maturity. Apparent growth beyond skeletal maturity may be a sign of malignant conversion, usually to a chondroma. Osteochondromas are usually appreciated in the first decades of life, and are most commonly located in the extremities, usually in the knees, ankles, or wrists. Clinical complaints generally relate to the mass effect of the lesion. Solitary osteochondromas of the axial skeleton are less common and may present with a neurological deficit. We report on such a case, in a woman significantly older than other cases described in the literature.
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9/100. A solitary osteochondroma of the pediatric thoracic spine: a case report and review of the literature.

    The objective of this study design is to describe the diagnosis and successful treatment of a pediatric patient with an osteochondroma of the thoracic spine. An osteochondroma is a bone tumor that rarely occurs in the thoracic spine, especially in the pediatric population. A simple painless mass may be the only presenting symptom. The laboratory findings are usually nonspecific. Radiographs may be nondiagnostic in certain cases, and computed tomography is the imaging modality of choice. The diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of a pediatric patient with an osteochondroma of the thoracic spine, including a possible genetic predisposition, are reviewed, along with a complete review of the literature. Anteroposterior and lateral plain radiographs illustrated a well-defined solid mass arising from the posterior elements of the tenth thoracic vertebrae. A computed tomography (CT) scan further delineated that the mass arose from the spinous process with no obvious impingement of the nerve roots. After excision of the lesion, gross pathological and histologic evaluation was consistent with an osteochondroma. The use of CT allowed accurate diagnosis of the osteochondroma. This led to appropriate surgical intervention, resulting in definitive treatment.
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10/100. Juxtacortical osteosarcoma. A distinct malignant bone neoplasm.

    The purpose of this report is the study of a malignant bone tumor of similar histological picture with conventional (intramedullary) osteosarcoma. Contributing factors in the study of juxtacortical osteosarcoma are the clinical, X-ray and histologic pictures. A case of parosteal osteosarcoma in a 28-year-old male is reported. In conjuction with X-ray findings we review the histological characteristics of the tumor through serial sections of the peripheral, central and parosteal parts and the findings are described in detail. In addition to the histological findings, differential diagnosis and prognosis are also discussed. From the general study of the tumor it has been shown that juxtacortical osteogenic sarcoma behaves differently in contrast to classic osteosarcoma, depending on the degree of differentiation of the tumor.
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