Cases reported "osteolysis"

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1/540. Ectopic dural osteolytic meningiomas.

    Intracranial meningiomas usually originate from the arachnoidal cells of the internal dural layer: meningiomas that originate from different sites are ectopic. The authors describe the case of a small meningioma adhering to the external dural layer without involvement of the internal layer, accompanied by osteolysis of the internal surface of the skull. A review of the literature on cranial ectopic meningiomas yielded only four cases described as originating from the external dural layer. osteolysis of the skull was always present and was not found to have prognostic significance. The authors suggest that these four primary ectopic meningiomas originating from the external dural layer should be differentiated from intraosseous meningiomas of the skull. ( info)

2/540. Mandibular mass as the presenting manifestation of IgM myeloma in a 22-year-old man.

    We report here the youngest known IgM myeloma patient to have presented with a mandibular mass. A 22-year-old Chinese man sought medical attention due to a mass over his right mandible that had been growing progressively for 6 months. A solitary osteolytic lesion in the right mandible was identified radiologically. Incisional biopsy revealed the presence of plasma cells of monoclonal origin, as evidenced by the exclusively positive staining of the kappa light chain. The diagnosis of multiple myeloma with mandibular involvement was confirmed by bone marrow examination. Further tests, including immunoglobulin electrophoresis and assay of the serum levels of kappa and lambda light chains, demonstrated that his myeloma was of the IgM, kappa subtype. The patient achieved a nonsustained partial response to six courses of melphalan and prednisolone therapy and palliative radiotherapy. ( info)

3/540. Angiomatous osteolysis of the skull vault.

    A case is reported of angiomatous osteolysis of the calvarium. This condition normally affects long bones and there is only one previous report in literature of massive osteolysis of the skull. The clinical, radiological and pathological implications of this condition are considered. ( info)

4/540. Massive pelvic and femoral pseudotumoral osteolysis secondary to an uncemented total hip arthroplasty.

    A 51 year-old man developed an extensive osteolytic response to wear debris in an uncemented porous-coated total hip arthroplasty, with metal/polyethylene interface, which had been implanted eighteen years previously. This reaction, which involved the upper femur and the ilium, produced a mass which compressed the pelvic viscera. ( info)

5/540. Fracture of the femoral component associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis after total knee arthroplasty.

    Fracture of the femoral component associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been well reported before. A 63-year-old man with osteoarthritis of the right knee underwent TKA with a New Jersey LCS knee, with cementing on the tibia and patella but not on the femoral component. After 42 months, in addition to wearing of polyethylene of the tibia and patella, severe osteonecrosis of the medial femoral condyle was noted. osteonecrosis caused loss of osseous support of the medial flange of the femoral component, and the bone ingrowth of the central and lateral flange to the distal femur was so good that it overcame the yield stress of the metal of the femoral component and caused fracture of the femoral component. The osteolytic area was filled with autogenous iliac bone, and a new femoral component was inserted and cemented. The patient's condition became satisfactory with relief of pain. Although uncommon, fracture of the femoral component does occur associated with polyethylene wear and osteolysis. ( info)

6/540. Late failure of the polyethylene liner fixation in an uncemented total hip arthroplasty.

    We report on the failure of fixation of a polyethylene liner of a Harris/Galante first-generation cementless acetabular component (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN). The failure was diagnosed 9 years after implantation. The polyethylene liner was partly dissociated in its metal shell, resulting in nearly complete wearing through of the metal caused by the femoral head. This wearing contributed to severe metallosis and osteolysis around both the femoral and the acetabular component. The possible failure mechanisms are described, and a complete review of the literature is given. ( info)

7/540. Destructive bone disease in early syphilis.

    Although destructive bone disease is a well-known complication of tertiary syphilis, osteitis or osteomyelitis are not commonly recognized as complications of early (primary or secondary) syphillis. A patient with secondary syphilis characterized by generalized lymphadenopathy, perianal condyloma lata, and positive rapid plasma reagin (RPR) and fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption (FTA-ABS) tests also complained of headache, right should pain, and right anterior chest pain and swelling. Roentgenograms showed mottled osteolytic lesions consistent with previously described luetic bone disease. biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of syphilitic osteomyelitis, and treatment with penicillin resulted in prompt resolution of symptoms. ( info)

8/540. Tooth root resorption associated with a familial bone dysplasia affecting mother and daughter.

    The dental findings are presented of a mother and daughter who suffer from an as yet unclassified bone dysplasia that shows features of both hereditary hyperphosphatasia and familial expansile osteolysis. Both patients have experienced progressive root resorption of permanent teeth, deafness, and high alkaline phosphatase levels. The mother has a more advanced bone dysplasia which has led to progressive skeletal deformity and bone pain. The kindred is consistent with an autosomal dominant pattern, and the mutation(s) is thought to be in chromosome 18q21-22 region. Conventional treatment strategies of root resorption offer only a poor prognosis for the dentition. Therapy using alendronate, a bisphosphonate compound and a potent inhibitor of osteoclastic activity, has reduced alkaline phosphatase levels, bone pain, and may offer an effective strategy to prevent tooth root resorption in this group of diseases. ( info)

9/540. Multiple osteolysis of peripheral extremities in a patient with adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma.

    A 67-year-old woman with severe pain in the peripheral extremities was admitted to our hospital. radiography of the peripheral extremities revealed multiple osteolytic lesions. Antibody to human T cell leukemia virus type-I (HTLV-I) was positive, and right radial bone biopsy showed infiltration of adult T cell leukemic (ATL) cells. Irradiation therapy was effective in the osteolytic lesions. In the present case, elevation of IL-6 was detected, suggesting that IL-6 produced by ATL cells is related to their proliferation in the bone, and local osteolysis. ( info)

10/540. Failure of a metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty from progressive osteolysis.

    Ultra-high-molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) wear, debris-induced osteolysis is a frequent cause of failure of total hip arthroplasty. Metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty eliminates the generation of UHMWPE particulate debris. Although the volumetric wear of a metal-on-metal articulation may be lower than a metal-UHMWPE articulation, the number of particles may be higher. osteolysis can develop in response to metallic and UHMWPE debris. The following case of massive osteolysis associated with large amounts of cobalt-chrome wear debris shows adhesive and abrasive wear mechanisms, as well as wear caused by third-body cobalt-chrome debris and impingement of the femoral component against the rim of the acetabular cup, which led to failure of a metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. ( info)
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