Cases reported "Osteosarcoma"

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1/158. Combined surgical approach for sarcoma lung metastasis with atrial involvement.

    A 20-year-old patient, who had been treated for a femur sarcoma with pulmonary metastases 8 years before, arrived at our institution with a new metastatic hilar lung nodule. During the standard lobectomy procedure an unexpected atrial invasion by the tumor was discovered. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed a big pediculated tumor in the atrium. cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was required in order to safely resect the atrial wall with the tumor. The atrial defect was repaired with a pericardial patch. Postoperative course was uneventful. After 14 months, the patient is asymptomatic and free of disease.
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2/158. Evaluating marrow margins for resection of osteosarcoma. A modern approach.

    Intraoperative evaluation of bone marrow margins by frozen section analysis is a common practice in the surgical treatment of osteogenic sarcoma. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical use of intraoperative marrow margin evaluation to rule out occult intramedullary tumor extension in osteosarcoma surgery. One hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients with high grade osteosarcoma diagnosed between 1988 and 1996 (Group 1) were reviewed retrospectively and compared with 92 consecutive patients treated from 1979 to 1984 (Group 2). Eighty-five patients in Group 1 met the inclusion criteria of having high grade intramedullary lesions of the long bones observed on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of the lesion and intraoperative frozen section analysis of the bone marrow margin. Thirty-three patients in Group 2 met the same inclusion criteria with the exception of having preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Ninety-two marrow margins in Group 1 and 33 marrow margins in Group 2 were evaluated by frozen section. All 92 marrow margins in patients in Group 1 were negative by frozen section analysis and permanent histologic analysis. Of the 33 marrow margins in patients in Group 2, three (9.1%) were reported positive for tumor. Of these, one was found to be a false positive result on permanent pathologic examination. In addition, one false negative frozen section result was found, which was positive for tumor on permanent pathologic examination. The difference in true positive results of marrow margins between Group 1 and Group 2 was statistically significant. Intraoperative marrow margin evaluation by frozen section is not mandatory with modern imaging techniques. Preoperative evaluation of tumor extent using magnetic resonance imaging and intraoperative evaluation of the specimen by the pathologist (done by bivalving the specimen) are reliable methods to ensure adequate surgical margins in most cases of conventional osteosarcoma of the long bones.
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3/158. temporal bone tumours in patients irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm.

    radiation-associated tumours are rare complications of radiotherapy. This study seeks to highlight and discuss the clinically challenging problem of radiation-associated tumours (rats) in the temporal bones of seven patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal neoplasm. Seven patients (six males and one female) with radiation-associated temporal bone tumours are presented (five squamous cell carcinomas, one osteogenic sarcoma and one chondrosarcoma). The initial nasopharyngeal disease for which radiotherapy was indicated was nasopharyngeal carcinoma (six patients) and nasopharyngeal lymphoma (one patient). The latency period between radiotherapy and presentation of temporal bone tumours ranged from five years to 30 years with a mean of 12.9 years. All the patients underwent surgical tumour resection. Three patients had post-operative radiotherapy and one patient underwent pre- and post-operative chemotherapy. Two patients died from the disease within three months of treatment with one patient surviving 36 months at the time of writing. One patient died from an unrelated medical condition three months after surgery. With refinement in radiotherapy techniques and the resultant increase in patient survival, there may be more patients with radiation-associated tumours in the future. It remains imperative for clinicians to be vigilant when patients previously irradiated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma present with otological symptoms as the key to the successful management of this condition lies in the early detection and expedient treatment of this difficult disease.
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4/158. Primary osteogenic sarcoma involving sella-sphenoid sinus--case report.

    A 38-year-old male presented with an extremely rare primary osteogenic sarcoma, unassociated with Paget's disease or late effects of radiation, involving the sella and sphenoid sinus region. Complete excision of the tumor was achieved through an extended frontobasal approach. Postoperatively, six cycles of combination chemotherapy (adriamycin, ifosphamide, and cisplatin) followed by a total of 55 Gy local radiotherapy in 33 fractions was given. Primary osteogenic sarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the central skull base tumors. Osteogenic sarcoma, in general, has a bad prognosis, and should be managed aggressively with multimodality treatment including gross total surgical resection, combination chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
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5/158. osteosarcoma arising in a solitary osteochondroma of the fibula.

    We present a case of osteosarcoma arising in an osteochondroma of the right fibula in a 30-year-old woman. The available radiographic studies of the lesion were not suggestive of malignant transformation. The lesion and underlying bone were excised. Histologic examination showed a conventional high-grade osteoblastic osteosarcoma that focally eroded the fibrocartilaginous cap. The patient received postoperative chemotherapy and shows no evidence of disease 27 months following operation. The occurrence of osteosarcoma in an osteochondroma is an extremely rare event, and only a few cases are on record in the literature.
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6/158. Combined treatment of metastatic osteosarcoma of the spine.

    We report on a 28-year-old male with a single metastasis of an osteosarcoma in the twelfth thoracic vertebra occurring 9 years after initial diagnosis of the primary tumour in the left distal femur and neoadjuvant treatment according to a modified T-10 protocol. After pre-operative second-line combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin, carboplatin and etoposide leading to regression of the primarily inoperable metastasis wide resection of the tumour employing total spondylectomy was done. The duration of response had been 65 months since the end of subsequent postoperative chemotherapy with the same regimen. copyright copyright 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel
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7/158. Endobronchial metastasis from osteosarcoma of bone: treatment with intraluminal radiotherapy.

    lung parenchymal metastases are common manifestations in patients with osteosarcoma; however, spread to the major airway itself is extremely rare. We present a young man who had been previously treated with surgical resection following preoperative chemotherapy and immediate postsurgical adjuvant chemotherapy for proximal tibial osteosarcoma. He developed metastasis to the major airways. The patient was treated with intraluminal radiotherapy (ILT) for the endobronchial metastasis. This is the first report of an endobronchial osteosarcoma that was treated with ILT with a complete endoscopic response. ILT provided excellent palliation in this particular case.
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8/158. Surgical removal of orbital osteoma; case report.

    Thr authors report a patient with a large orbital osteoma causing marked physical deformity and diplopia but with preservation of visual acuity. A combined transorbital and transcranial operative approach was used for total tumor removal and cosmetic repair.
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9/158. Disapperance of osteogenic sarcoma after irradiation: immunologic observations.

    Sarcoma - lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity and serum blocking of this activity was studied by the in vitro microcytotoxicity test in three patients with osteogenic sarcoma who received preoperative irradiation. All three patients had complete histologic disappearance of the tumor between three to five months after irradiation. Lymphocyte cytotoxicity was present before and after treatment in two patients and post-treatment in one. No serum blocking activity was detected in any of these three patients. They are all alive over four years post-therapy without evidence of active disease.
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10/158. osteosarcoma associated with absent thumbs: a report of two cases.

    An 8-year-old Hispanic boy with a hypoplastic left thumb, absent right thumb, and short stature experienced right leg pain and limp. A right tibial lesion was imaged and found to be osteosarcoma on biopsy. A 6-year-old Hispanic girl with congenitally absent thumbs experienced a pathologic fracture of her left femur after a minor sports injury. The radiologic abnormality seen was diagnosed as osteosarcoma on biopsy. Both patients continue to do well after intensive preoperative and postoperative high-dose chemotherapy and definitive reconstructive limb surgery. osteosarcoma has been linked to several congenital syndromes in which absent thumbs are a feature. These two patients with absent thumbs and no definable syndrome experiencing osteosarcoma suggest that congenitally absent thumbs might be a risk factor for osteosarcoma in the absence of a syndrome.
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