Cases reported "otitis externa"

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1/183. cholesteatoma in a child with congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma.

    A 7-year-old girl had non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NBCIE) in treatment with retinoids. She also suffered continuous desquamation of the external ears, recurrent external otitis, chronic adenoiditis, tubaric dysfunction and intermittent episodes of otitis media and developed a cholesteatoma in her left ear. Chronic scaling disorders, such as NBCIE and other ichthyosis, can be entities at risk for the development of cholesteatoma in childhood. ( info)

2/183. osteomyelitis of the temporomandibular joint in patients with malignant otitis externa.

    Malignant (invasive) otitis externa is an infection involving the external ear canal, often in elderly diabetic patients, which carries a high morbidity and mortality. It may involve widespread areas of soft tissue around the skull base, and in more advanced cases, may give rise to osteomyelitis and cranial neuropathy. We describe two patients who were treated for malignant otitis externa complicated by destructive osteomyelitis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). For both patients, diagnosis was made using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and repeat scans were employed during follow-up. Improved scan appearances mirrored improvements in clinical condition in both cases. ( info)

3/183. Necrotizing otitis externa caused by staphylococcus epidermidis.

    We present a case of malignant necrotizing otitis externa (MNOE) caused by staphylococcus epidermidis, which is usually a non-pathogenic microorganism. The patient is an otherwise healthy, nondiabetic 58-year-old white man. Contributory history began in 1994 after surgery for bilateral exostoses of the external auditory canals. Between April 1994 and May 1998 persistent otalgia occurred, with progressive mixed hearing losses, purulent discharge from both ears, spontaneous perforations of the tympanic membranes and ulceration of canal wall skin. From the beginning, Staph. epidermidis was isolated in all but one culture, but was not recognized as the pathological agent because of the presence of other more frequently involved bacteria and fungi. After multiple intravenous and oral antibiotics and antifungal treatments failed, further management involved frequent debridement of both external auditory canals and tympanic membranes, right tympanoplasty, bilateral mastoidectomy, revision tympanomastoidectomies and left modified radical mastoidectomy. Antistaphylococcal therapy including ceftazidime, vancomycin, teicoplanin, clindamycin and rifampicin was tried. Following the modified radical radical mastoidectomy, normalization of the status of his ears took approximately 2 months and has since remained stable to date. His left ear is deaf because of vancomycin administration, while magnetic resonance imaging and gallium scintigraphy have shown persistent inflammation of the skull base. ( info)

4/183. Malignant otitis externa caused by malassezia sympodialis.

    BACKGROUND: Malignant otitis externa caused by fungal infections is rare. A review of the literature showed only 9 cases, and the causative fungus in all cases was aspergillus. This article reports an unusual case caused by malassezia sympodialis. methods: A 53-year-old man with non-insulin dependent diabetes presented with malignant otitis externa. He deteriorated despite treatment with intravenous antipseudomonal therapy and surgical debridement. Microbiologic tests revealed M. sympodialis. He responded rapidly to intravenous amphotericin. RESULTS: Systemic human infections caused by M. sympodialis have not been reported. M. furfur systemic infection is rare and has been associated lipid hyperalimentation by means of a central catheter. Only 1 other case of M. fungemia without these associated risk factors has been reported. CONCLUSIONS: The first case of malignant otitis externa caused by M. sympodialis is presented. It highlights the difficulty of initial biologic diagnosis and the need for lipid-enriched media to grow this fastidious organism. ( info)

5/183. When is a biopsy justified in a case of relapsing polychondritis?

    Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a relatively rare rheumatic condition of unknown aetiology. It is characterized by recurrent episodic inflammation of cartilaginous structures (nose, ear and trachea). The clinical diagnosis of polychondritis can frequently be made with confidence in the absence of histological confirmation. A 61-year-old diabetic man, with bilateral relapsing aural inflammation, left ear deafness with tinnitus and pain at the sternocostal junctions is reported. After clinical diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis steroid therapy was started. An ear cartilage biopsy was performed confirming the clinical diagnosis. Subsequently soft tissue infection occurred at the operation site. The abscess was drained and oral ciprofloxacin was given with complete resolution of the infection over 30 days. As the infection is the main cause of death in these patients, we analyse whether biopsy is absolutely necessary for the diagnosis of RP in some patients. ( info)

6/183. Molecular phylogenetic evidence for noninvasive zoonotic transmission of staphylococcus intermedius from a canine pet to a human.

    rRNA-based molecular phylogenetic techniques were used to identify the bacterial species present in the ear fluid from a female patient with otitis externa. We report the identification of staphylococcus intermedius from the patient and a possible route of transmission. Analysis of 16S ribosomal dna restriction fragment length polymorphisms indicated that the dominant species present was S. intermedius. A pet dog owned by the patient also was tested and found to harbor S. intermedius. In humans, the disease is rare and considered a zoonosis. Previously, S. intermedius has been associated with dog bite wounds, catheter-related injuries, and surgery. This study represents the first reported case of a noninvasive infection with S. intermedius. ( info)

7/183. skull base osteomyelitis interpreted as malignancy.

    Lesions in the skull base may present difficulties in diagnosis primarily because the access needs to be invasive and one has to rely on imaging that may still be misleading. The case presented here illustrates this example in that the patient had abnormalities on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) scans quite convincing of malignancy but which with time proved, essentially through clinical judgment, to be skull base osteomyelitis secondary to malignant external otitis (OME). ( info)

8/183. A case of malignant otitis externa following mastoidectomy.

    We present a case of a 63-year-old diabetic male who developed malignant otitis externa following mastoidectomy. Extensive skull base osteomyelitis caused thrombosis of the jugular bulb and subsequent paralysis of cranial nerves VII, IX, X and XII. He was treated aggressively with intravenous antibiotics and debridement of granulation tissue in the mastoid bowl with full recovery of the cranial nerve palsies associated with recanalization of the jugular bulb. We believe this is the first reported case of malignant otitis externa to occur following mastoidectomy with complete recovery of the cranial nerve paresis. ( info)

9/183. An unusual source of vibrio alginolyticus-associated otitis: prolonged colonization or freshwater exposure?

    otitis externa and otitis media are commonly encountered in clinical practice. We report an unusual case of otitis externa, which was caused by vibrio alginolyticus, several months after saltwater exposure. Clinicians need to be aware of this unusual pathogen, especially in refractory cases of ear infections. ( info)

10/183. Non-pseudomonal malignant otitis externa and jugular foramen syndrome secondary to cyclosporin-induced hypertrichosis in a diabetic renal transplant patient.

    We present the case of a 58-year-old diabetic renal transplant patient who developed a left jugular foramen syndrome, secondary to an ipsilateral staphylococcal malignant (necrotizing) otitis externa. This followed a protracted episode of uncomplicated otitis externa with no evidence of bone involvement on computed tomography (CT) scanning. Cyclosporin-induced hypertrichosis (excess hair growth) in his external auditory canal contributed greatly to the initial difficulty in managing his otitis externa. Following an initial successful treatment with prolonged intravenous antibiotics the patient relapsed with a secondary infection in the same anatomical site due to candida parapsilosis. Despite further intensive treatment including antimicrobials, a subtotal petrosectomy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy he eventually succumbed to his disease. ( info)
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