Cases reported "Otitis Media"

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1/298. facial paralysis: a presenting feature of rhabdomyosarcoma.

    The purpose of this paper is to present a child with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma involving the left middle ear, who initially presented with unilateral facial paralysis. A 5-year-old boy presented with a 4-week history of left-sided facial weakness, associated with persistent otitis media on that side. Examination revealed complete left lower motor neuron facial weakness and hearing loss. A myringotomy revealed a soft tissue mass behind the tympanic membrane. biopsy and oncologic assessment confirmed a stage II, group III left middle ear embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Despite debulking surgery, local irradiation and multiple chemotherapeutic courses the child deteriorated quickly. He developed carcinomatous meningitis and died 9 months after his initial presentation. In conclusion, middle ear tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unresolving otitis media, particularly when associated with persistent ipsilateral facial paralysis. An ear mass, discharge, facial swelling, or systemic symptoms may be initially absent despite the presence of this aggressive malignancy. Careful examination of the middle ear is recommended in children with facial weakness. A myringotomy incision may be necessary including a complete assessment of the middle ear cavity, particularly when there is no fluid return.
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2/298. Acute necrotizing otitis media in an infant: a case report.

    Acute necrotizing otitis media (ANOM), an uncommon but severe form of bacterial otitis media, frequently causes distressing sequelae if not properly diagnosed and treated. A four-month-old female infant initially became ill with intermittent fever, followed by left facial nerve paralysis and left otorrhea four days later. Microscopic examination of the left ear revealed congestion and swelling of the external ear canal, perforation of the eardrum and erosions on the malleus. culture of pus from the otic lesion grew pseudomonas aeruginosa. The patient's condition did not improve despite systemic administration of antibiotics; thus, surgical intervention was arranged. During the operation, near-total perforation of the eardrum, a dislodged incus, cholesteatoma-like matrix around the stapes, and granulation tissue occupying the middle ear and mastoid cavities were noted. Radical mastoidectomy was conducted and pathologic examination of the surgical specimen disclosed necrotic changes in both soft and bony tissues. The patient recovered soon after surgery. Her fever subsided one day after surgery and the patient was discharged in a stable condition 12 days later. However, she still had left facial nerve paralysis six months later.
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3/298. Pseudomonas putrefaciens from clinical material.

    Three strains of Pseudomonas putrefaciens were isolated from routine clinical specimens at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, malaysia. Their cultural and biochemical characteristic, and antibiotic susceptibilities are presented. Characteristics of diagnostic value were stressed. Two isolates appeared to have played a pathogenic role in chronic otitis media.
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4/298. Angiocentric lymphoma involving the temporal bone in a child.

    Involvement of the temporal bone in patients with malignant lymphomas is very rare. Most of the reported cases have been clinically asymptomatic and were diagnosed only by post-mortem examinations. We present a nasal, paranasal, nasopharyngeal lymphoma that occurred in a 12-year-old child and also involved the temporal bone. Clinical presentation began with bilateral chronic otitis media. Histopathologically, tumor was found to be an angiocentric lymphoma of B-cell origin. association with Epstein-Barr virus could not be demonstrated. Despite combination chemotherapy (with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doksorubicine, prednisolone, L-asparaginase, cytosine arabinoside, metotraxate) and radiotherapy (to 40 Gy), disease progressed locally as well as to cervical lymph nodes and the lungs.
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5/298. Hepato-biliary abnormalities secondary to ceftriaxone use: a case report.

    ceftriaxone was approved in 1997 for the treatment of otitis media despite previous studies that documented an association of ceftriaxone with elevated hepato-biliary enzymes and transient biliary stasis. The case cited here highlights the need for continued awareness education for physicians who may use ceftriaxone to treat common illnesses such as acute exudative tonsillitis and otitis media in children. Specifically, for children with a family history of gallbladder, biliary tract, liver or pancreas dysfunction, ceftriaxone may not be the drug of choice since the likelihood of complications is increased in this population. Additionally, ceftriaxone may cause problems in either adults or children with preexisting disease, who may not be well-nourished, or who may be dehydrated.
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6/298. Greater superficial petrosal nerve neurinoma. Case report.

    The authors report a case of middle cranial fossa neurinoma arising from the left greater superficial petrosal nerve in a 21-year-old woman who presented with a left-sided otitis media that chronically recurred over a period of 5 years. On examination, the patient had a left-sided mild conductive hearing impairment and a slight disturbance in tear secretion on the left side, with sensory disturbance in the left palate. Three-dimensional computerized tomography scans clearly demonstrated the enlargement of the foramen lacerum and foramen ovale, and heavily T2-weighted magnetic resonance images revealed the tumor's location along with the course of the greater superficial petrosal nerve and its extension into the tympanic cavity. Following complete surgical excision of the tumor and tympanoplasty via a middle cranial fossa approach, the patient retained useful hearing without facial palsy.
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keywords = otitis
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7/298. Severe otitis and mastoiditis due to rhodococcus equi in a patient with AIDS. Case report.

    We report a case of otitis media associated with pneumonia due to rhodococcus equi. A 31-year-old patient with AIDS presented with cough and right facial palsy. Imaging revealed right otitis media and severe temporal bone destruction, associated with pneumonia. R. equi was isolated from ear secretions, blood, and sputum. The radiologic findings are described. This unusual pathogen should be included in the differential diagnosis of the immunocompromised patient with aggressive otitis.
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8/298. eustachian tube function in children.

    eustachian tube function of children with bilateral serous otitis media was studied in 14 ears following myringotomy and pressure equalizing tube insertion. Cases with non-eustachian tube pathology potentially contributing to eustachian tube dysfunction were excluded from the study. eustachian tube function was evaluated utilizing an impedance audiometer to document neutralization of positive and negative middle ear pressures. All cases showed persistent tubal dysfunction for up to six months. Partial incomplete neutralization of positive pressure occurred in 64 per cent, but in no case could negative pressure be partially neutralized even when "locking" was relieved with valsalva. Continuous ventilation of the middle ear for up to six months did not allow a return to normal eustachian tube function. This is extremely effective palliation, and should be recognized as such.
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9/298. Tissue expander infections in children: look beyond the expander pocket.

    infection of the expander pocket is the most common complication encountered with soft-tissue expansion. It is usually due to direct inoculation with skin flora either at the time of expander insertion or from extrusion of the device. The authors report two cases of infection of tissue expanders in which the children had concomitant infected sites distant from the prosthesis. Etiological bacteria of common pediatric infections like otitis media and pharyngitis were cultured from the infected expander pocket, raising suspicion that translocation of the organism to the expander had occurred. Aggressive antibiotic treatment, removal of the prosthesis, and flap advancement is advocated.
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10/298. Lepromatous lymphadenopathy and concomitant tuberculous axillary lymphadenitis with sinus. A case report.

    A 25-year-old male patient with florid lepromatous leprosy presented with right axillary lymphadenopathy and a discharging sinus. He also had scabies with chronic right otitis media. Histopathological examination of the lymph node revealed lepromatous lymphadenitis coexisting with tuberculosis. This unusual combination of two different clinical entities is recorded in this case report.
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