Cases reported "Otitis Media"

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1/31. The pathology of the temporal bones of a child with acquired cytomegalovirus infection: studies by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and polymerase-chain reaction.

    STUDY DESIGN: The first case of an acquired cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of the inner ear is reported in a 3-year-old girl in remission from acute lymphocytic leukemia. methods: Horizontal sections of the temporal bones were studied by light microscopy and immunohistological staining by avidin-biotin-complex-technique was performed on selected archival sections. Three sections were processed for detection of the virus genome by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: By light microscopy the epithelium of the endolymphatic sac, the utricle and the semicircular canals showed deeply stained acidophilic inclusions and the stria vascularis had a loose structure especially in the intermediate layer. The changes were limited to the non-sensory parts of the labyrinth and no CMV type cells were observed in the organ of corti. There was a loss of inner and outer hair cells and loss of cochlear ganglion cells caused by either the virus or treatment with gentamicin. Standard immunohistochemistry failed to demonstrate staining with CMV antibodies, but PCR, demonstrated CMV-dna in one section. CONCLUSION: Molecular techniques may be able to detect acquired CMV infections in archival pediatric bones temporal bones. The histologic findings in the labyrinth were milder, however showed some similarity to children with congenital CMV labyrinthitis.
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2/31. The clinical spectrum of clostridium sordellii bacteraemia: two case reports and a review of the literature.

    clostridium sordellii is rarely associated with disease in humans. Since its first report in 1922 only a few cases of bacteraemia have been reported. This report describes two cases of C sordellii bacteraemia; the oldest and youngest patients reported to date. The first, is a previously well 81 year old woman presented with perianal infection, which was later complicated by thrombosis of the aorta, and the second is a 12 year old boy with epilepsy who presented with an ear infection. These cases are also highlighted to demonstrate the wide spectrum of presentation of sordellii bacteraemia.
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ranking = 4890.3433041043
keywords = thrombosis
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3/31. pulmonary embolism: a rare cause of sudden infant death.

    pulmonary embolism can be observed at any age, but it occurs very rarely in the infant. The authors report the case of a 12-month-old boy who suddenly died during clinical improvement of gastroenteritis associated with otitis. autopsy showed signs of dehydration and acute left pulmonary embolism, which was the cause of death. Thrombosis of the inferior vena cava extending into renal veins was seen. In this case, plasma hyperosmolality caused by dehydration might have favored the formation of venous thromboses. The various risk factors of pulmonary embolism in the child are discussed, including genetic factors.
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ranking = 12.368776109484
keywords = vein
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4/31. Venous sinus thrombosis after proteus vulgaris meningitis and concomitant Clostridium abscess formation.

    A 19-y-old woman presented with proteus vulgaris meningitis as a complication of chronic otitis media. Despite treatment with ceftazidime and amikacin no clinical improvement was observed. Cranial MRI revealed right-sided mastoiditis/otitis media and venous sinus thrombosis. After mastoidectomy, repeat cranial MRI demonstrated abscess formation in the venous sinuses. The abscess was drained. Clostridium spp. was isolated from the abscess culture.
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ranking = 24451.716520521
keywords = thrombosis
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5/31. Severe fusobacteria infections (lemierre syndrome) in two boys.

    Abscess formation is a rare cause of febrile illness in childhood but always has to be considered in such clinical presentations. Belonging to the resident flora of the oropharyngeal region, fusobacteria are known to cause local infections; from here they may extend to other sites via the bloodstream or are aspirated into the lung (Lemierre disease). We report on two boys with Lemierre disease due to infection by fusobacteria in monoculture causing two different clinical phenotypes. Case 1 presented with a large subphrenic abscess and pneumonic infiltration of the right middle lobe. Primary focus of infection was periodontal disease. Case 2 presented with a life-threatening septicaemia due to a retropharyngeal abscess and perforated otitis media followed by osteomyelitis of the atlas and thrombosis of the left sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein. CONCLUSION: fusobacteria should be considered in any abscess formation in children. A thorough examination of the oropharyngeal region as a possible site of primary manifestation is mandatory.
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ranking = 4902.7120802138
keywords = thrombosis, vein
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6/31. natural history of sigmoid sinus thrombosis.

    To demonstrate the evolution of sigmoid sinus thrombosis, we performed a prospective observational study on a 6-year-old girl who presented with mastoiditis, epidural abscess, and occipital osteomyelitis from multiple drug-resistant streptococcus pneumoniae. She underwent mastoidectomy and partial occipital craniectomy. This procedure produced a window in the occipital bone that allowed serial ultrasonography of the sigmoid sinus during medical treatment. Computed tomography was performed, followed by weekly Doppler ultrasonography used to monitor resolution of sigmoid sinus thrombosis. The natural history of a treated episode of sigmoid sinus thrombosis was illustrated. Venous occlusion resolved over a 4- to 6-week period without surgical drainage or venous anticoagulants. Collateral flow, reversal of normal venous flow, and ultimate return to normal venous transport characterized the period of resolution. We conclude that an occluded sigmoid sinus from mastoiditis can naturally recanalize. Aberrant venous flow can be demonstrated during the period of resolution. This case supports a conservative approach to management of the occluded sinus and suggests that 4 to 6 weeks of antibiotic therapy after removal of perisinus infection is sufficient for cure.
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ranking = 34232.40312873
keywords = thrombosis
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7/31. Otogenic cerebral venous infarction: a rare complication of acute otitis media.

    A case of cerebral venous infarction (CVI) as a complication of acute otitis media (AOM) was presented in a 16-month-old male patient. The patient admitted with AOM in the right ear, ipsilateral facial paralysis and contralateral hemiplegia. Computerized tomography of the brain showed low density areas involving both the cortex and subcortical white matter in the right frontoparietal region, and there were patchy and multifocal enhancing areas with intravenous contrast enhancement. These findings disclosed the diagnosis of venous infarctions involving the superficial cortical veins on the right side. Complete recovery was achieved with 2 weeks of sulbactam-ampicilline, amikacin and prednisolone treatment. Although it is rather rare, CVI should also be remembered among the otogenic intracranial complications.
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ranking = 12.368776109484
keywords = vein
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8/31. A rare and serious complication of chronic otitis media: lateral sinus thrombosis.

    Before the antibiotic era, lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) was the most frequent complication of otitis media. With the widespread usage of antibiotics, its occurrence is rare. Nevertheless, it is still a major complication of middle ear disease. LST mortality fluctuates between 5 and 35%. The major clinical symptoms of patients with LST are pain in the mastoid region, spiking fever, anemia and general health disorders. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and angiography are the most helpful in diagnosis, but the final diagnosis is made by surgical exploration. Three cases with LST are presented, and signs, diagnosis and treatment of disease are discussed.
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ranking = 24451.716520521
keywords = thrombosis
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9/31. otitis media and CNS complications.

    Intracranial complications from otitis media can be quite devastating to the patient if an early diagnosis is not made. patients may develop meningitis, venous sinus thrombosis or cranial nerve palsies, as well as intracranial abscess. The presenting features in such cases may be subtle and include headache, nausea, vomiting, personality changes and signs of increased intracranial pressure as well as focal neurological deficits. A case of intracranial brain abscess is presented in a patient with a history of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. Delay in the diagnosis of intracranial complications of otitis media can lead to improper treatment with increased morbidity and mortality. The etiology and treatment of complications affecting the CNS is discussed.
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ranking = 4890.3433041043
keywords = thrombosis
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10/31. Management of lateral sinus thrombosis: update and literature review.

    The management of four cases of lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) over a four-year period at the Royal Darwin Hospital is presented in this retrospective review. The patients were aboriginal and presented with otalgia, otorrhoea and sepsis. Two cases had an associated complication of an otitic hydrocephalus and a subperiosteal abscess. cholesteatoma was found in three cases. Computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed the LST in three cases. Three patients were anaemic and thrombocytopenic. All patients had positive blood cultures. The organisms were predominantly mixed anaerobes and bacteroides species. Three patients were managed surgically as a two-stage procedure. One patient was managed as a single-stage procedure with a modified radical mastoidectomy. Therapeutic anticoagulation was utilized in one case. There were no deaths. The prognosis of LST is good if treatment is instituted early with broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics and surgery. The role of clot removal at surgery and the use of anticoagulation are discussed in this paper.
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ranking = 24451.716520521
keywords = thrombosis
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