Cases reported "Ovarian Cysts"

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1/80. A huge pancreatic cystic adenoma misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst.

    pancreatic cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst ultrasonographically has not yet been reported. We report an elderly woman with such a huge pancreatic cyst whose initial presentation was low abdominal pain. Ultrasound showed a hypoechoic cyst measuring 13.6 x 13.2 x 11.8 cm occupying pelvic cavity. She received laparotomy under the impression of ovarian cyst. Interestingly, the cyst was found to have originated from the pancreas. Total cyst excision was performed and pathologic report was pancreatic microadenoma. The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable.
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2/80. Bilateral massive edema of the ovary.

    We present a case of synchronic bilateral ovary mass edema. In spite of the patient's age and the difficulties of the intraoperative study it reveals a high likelihood of malignancy in the preoperative stage.
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3/80. Laparoscopic diagnosis and management of ovarian torsion in the newborn.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The application of laparoscopic techniques in the surgical management of neonatal ovarian cysts is proving valuable both as a diagnostic tool and a potential therapeutic intervention. We report the successful management of a prenatally diagnosed ovarian cyst in a newborn female and provide operative evidence for the presumptive etiology of the cyst. methods AND RESULTS: A prenatally diagnosed ovarian cyst was managed using 5 mm laparoscopic instruments in a newborn female. The prenatal ultrasonographic and operative findings are consistent with in utero adnexal torsion with subsequent autoamputation and cystic degeneration of the ovary. The orphaned ovarian cyst was removed from the infant's abdominal cavity by enlarging the camera port incision. DISCUSSION: The application of laparoendoscopic procedures in infants and children continues to evolve with the availability, of microinstrumentation and increasing experience among pediatric surgeons. This approach may prove valuable in the diagnosis and management of prenatally diagnosed ovarian cysts. In addition, further insight into the etiology of congenital ovarian cysts may be obtained. The safety and efficacy of this approach in these infants remains to be fully evaluated.
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4/80. Massive ovarian haemorrhage complicating oral anticoagulation in the antiphospholipid syndrome: a report of three cases.

    We report three cases of severe haemorrhagic rupture of luteal ovarian cyst requiring surgical haemostasis in young women treated with long-term oral anticoagulation for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) who used no contraception. At the time of bleeding, the international normalized ratios were 3.78, 4.24, and 7.11. Anticoagulation was resumed post-operatively, in association with antigonadotropic progestins to induce ovulatory suppression. A systematic use of these progestins should probably be discussed in young women receiving long-term warfarin for APS. Ovarian haemorrhage must be considered when such patients develop acute abdominal pain.
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5/80. Unusual findings in the inguinal canal: a report of four cases.

    Masses in the inguinal canal other than hernias are rare occurrences, and their preoperative diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. A soft, partly reducible groin mass in a 3-month-old boy proved to be a cystic lymphangioma within the inguinal canal. A 15-month-old female who presented with an irreducible inguinal mass was found to have a neuroblastoma metastasis in the groin. An irreducible groin mass in a 6-year-old female proved to be an inguinal canal epidermal inclusion cyst. A 14-year-old female presented with a painful groin swelling that represented an incarcerated hemorrhagic ovarian cyst. An awareness of the wide spectrum of entities other than the standard bowel, testicle, and ovary in the inguinal canal can help to identify uncommon pathologies preoperatively.
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6/80. uterine prolapse in pregnancy caused by a very large mucinous cyst.

    The literature review and a case report of a 25 years old patient who started to suffer from an extemely large abdomen, sever oedema, dyspnea, and uterine prolapse from the 30th week in her third pregnancy because of a very large mucinous cyst. The prolapsed uterus improved with bed rest. She delivered at term with no complication. The cyst was removed three weeks after the delivery with about ten litres of mucoid secretion in it. The patient left hospital on the tenth post operative day.
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7/80. A case of huge ovarian cyst of 21-year-old young woman.

    Huge ovarian tumors are rarely seen in modern surgical practice. As health care education and access to hospitals have improved over the past 30 years, the number of these reports have become almost negligible. However, these huge ovarian tumors still present many challenge, even life-threatening risks due to severe cardiovascular, pulmonary, and circulatory problems, including technical difficulties of surgery, massive hemorrhage, and postoperative complications. A knowledge of the deranged physiology and its management may avert these complications. We present the case of a 21-year-old woman with huge ovarian tumor. The total weight of the tumor was 136 pounds (62 kg). She was treated surgically with good results.
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8/80. Torsion of a functional ovarian cyst in a premenopausal patient receiving tamoxifen.

    We report a case of torsion of an ovarian follicular cyst that developed during treatment with tamoxifen for breast cancer. A 40-year-old Japanese woman was admitted complaining of acute lower abdominal pain. Eight months earlier, she had undergone a partial mastectomy and local irradiation for ductal carcinoma of her left breast, estrogen receptor-positive stage I (T(1a) N(1b) M(0)). The administration of tamoxifen, 20 mg/day, and doxifluridine, 600 mg/day, were started immediately postoperatively. Pelvic examination after admission revealed the left ovarian cyst and enlarged uterus. Transvaginal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a multilocular cystic mass in the pelvic cavity. The pathological diagnosis of the tumor after total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was a typical follicular cyst with torsion and uterine leiomyoma. This ovarian cyst was believed to have developed during tamoxifen administration.
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9/80. Cystic pelvic pathology presenting as falsely elevated post-void residual urine measured by portable ultrasound bladder scanning: report of 3 cases and review of the literature.

    Dedicated portable ultrasound devices generally offer a rapid, noninvasive, largely operator-independent means of assessing post-void residual urine (PVR) volume. In most published series, PVR measured by portable ultrasound correlates well with catheterized urine volume. We report 3 cases in which follow-up of falsely elevated PVR measurements on ultrasound resulted in comparatively low catheterized volumes. In all 3 cases, the elevated readings were due to cystic ovarian pathology, which was diagnosed by formal radiologic evaluation and ultimately confirmed operatively in 2 cases. Cystic pathology of the pelvis or lower abdomen may present as an elevated PVR on ultrasound and low urine volume on subsequent catheterization and should prompt further evaluation.
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10/80. Cystic struma ovarii: imaging findings.

    We report three cases of cystic struma ovarii not associated with any solid component. One case was a thin-walled unilocular mass, and the other two cases were multilocular cystic masses. An area of signal void on T2-weighted images and intermediate intensity on T1-weighted images was noted in the two multilocular cases. Preoperative diagnosis was difficult in each case, but struma ovarii should be included in differential diagnoses even in the case of a completely cystic ovarian mass.
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