Cases reported "Ovarian Diseases"

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1/104. Ruptured tuboovarian abscess in late pregnancy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Tuboovarian abscess is an unusual obstetric complication that causes maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. CASE: A woman, G1, P0, with a 32-week pregnancy presented with abdominal pain. physical examination on admission revealed fever and unremarkable abdominal signs. Eleven hours after admission, signs of peritonitis became prominent, necessitating emergency laparotomy. Surgical findings included an 8-cm, right, ruptured tuboovarian abscess with massive purulent contamination of the abdominal cavity. Cesarean hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Neither the newborn nor the mother had postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Since there are discrepancies in the incidences of tuboovarian abscess in pregnant and nonpregnant groups, the pathogenesis of tuboovarian abscess may be different in the two populations. In pregnancy, diagnosis and management are also more difficult than in the nonpregnant state. Clinical data may not reveal the diagnosis until surgery is mandatory. Because most pregnant women with tuboovarian abscesses are young, conservative surgery should be attempted if the pathology is limited to only one side of the adnexa and further reproduction is desired.
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2/104. Pelvic abscess in the second half of pregnancy after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization: case report.

    We describe a very late manifestation of pelvic abscesses after oocyte retrieval for in-vitro fertilization (IVF). In a twin pregnancy achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, rupture of bilateral ovarian abscesses occurred at the end of the second trimester. An emergency laparotomy was necessary because of an acute abdomen. This complication led to severe maternal and neonatal morbidity, preterm birth and neonatal death. The rare occurrence of acute abdomen in pregnancy due to pelvic infection and the non-specific symptoms of a pelvic abscess after oocyte retrieval for IVF are discussed.
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3/104. Xanthogranulomatous tubo-ovarian abscess resulting from chronic diverticulitis.

    We report a case of xanthogranulomatous tubo-ovarian abscess which was preoperatively suspected to be an adnexal neoplasm. With foreign body material found in the abscess wall and vegetable fiber in the tubal lumen, a previously treated chronic diverticulitis was the presumed cause. culture studies showed polymicrobial isolates which included escherichia coli, an enteric pathogen. After surgery, administration of antibiotics, and revision of delayed subcutaneous wound healing, the patient is reportedly well.
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4/104. Unilateral chronic tuboovarian abscess secondary to ruptured colonic diverticulum presenting as a brain abscess. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Tuboovarian abscesses (TOAs) are a somewhat unusual finding in postmenopausal patients without risk factors. We present a rare case of unilateral TOA initially presenting as a brain abscess in a postmenopausal woman. CASE: A 61-year-old woman presented with a complaint of forgetfulness, nausea and vomiting, with lower abdominal pain and diarrhea. She was found to have a brain abscess, which was treated by craniotomy, with drainage of the abscess, and intravenous antibiotics. The patient was subsequently found to have a pelvic mass, which, on laparotomy, was a unilateral TOA. pathology demonstrated that the abscess contained vegetable matter consistent with origin in a ruptured diverticulum. CONCLUSION: diagnosis of a brain abscess should prompt a thorough investigation for a primary infectious source, including the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts.
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5/104. Ovarian abscess and heterotopic triplet pregnancy: two complications after IVF in one patient.

    A patient is reported, who suffered from ovarian abscess after ovarian puncture of a functional ovarian cyst. The cyst has developed after administration of a GnRH agonist depot preparation in the preceeding luteal phase. She was planned to be stimulated for IVF according to the long luteal protocol. The abscess was removed by laparoscopy. and stimulation started two months later after administration of two further GnRH against depot preparations. The patient got pregnant after embryo transfer of three embryos. and a heterotopic triplet pregnancy, with intrauterine twins and a tubal singleton was established. Bilateral salpingectomy was performed, because of bilateral haematosalpinx and previously described bilateral tubal occlusion. The further pregnancy was uncomplicated.
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6/104. Ovarian histoplasmosis in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    histoplasma capsulatum is a pathogenic fungus endemic to North, Central, and south america. histoplasmosis is primarily acquired by inhalation and in immunocompetent hosts infection is generally limited to the lungs. histoplasmosis may disseminate systemically in hosts with defective cell-mediated immunity or massive inoculation. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder associated with multiple primary and drug-related immunological defects that predispose patients to infections. Disseminated histoplasmosis has only rarely been described in association with SLE. We describe a 32-year-old woman with SLE who had a 2-year history of irregular menses and a confirmed anovulatory state, secondary to ovarian histoplasmosis. The ovarian histoplasmosis was discovered incidentally at surgery for a persistent colo-cecal fistula, which had developed 6 months earlier and was originally associated with an actinomyces and fusobacterium pelvic abscess. The patient had no evidence of active pulmonary histoplasmosis and her disseminated histoplasmosis likely resulted from re-activation of latent disease. This is the first description of disseminated histoplasmosis presenting as ovarian dysfunction in a patient with SLE.
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7/104. Tuboovarian abscess mimicking malignancy: report of two cases.

    Tuboovarian abscess is a well-known sequela of acute or chronic salpingitis. In a small percentage of patients, these inflammatory masses compress or even rupture into the adjacent viscera, thus simulating the condition of pelvic malignancy, particularly when the clinical presentations are indolent. We describe two cases of tuboovarian abscess mimicking malignancy. Case 1: A 39-year-old woman with an intrauterine device had a clinical presentation mimicking an exophytic submucosal colorectal tumor with suspicious mucosal invasion. She complained of tenesmus but did not experience fever or adnexal tenderness. A right tuboovarian abscess with fistula formation into the rectosigmoid colon was noted during laparotomy. Case 2: A 46-year-old woman with an intrauterine device had a preoperative diagnosis of uterine myoma with degeneration. At laparotomy, an omentum cake with dense pelvic adhesions was noted. Malignancy appeared to be present, and debulking surgery was performed. The final pathologic examination revealed bilateral chronic tuboovarian abscesses and focal omental abscess.
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8/104. Pelvic aspergillosis with tubo-ovarian abscess in a renal transplant recipient.

    Common clinical manifestations of aspergillosis in renal transplant recipients are fever and pulmonary infiltrates, but involvement of the reproductive system is rare. We report a case of pelvic aspergillosis with tubo-ovarian abscess in a renal transplant patient. The patient received a cadaveric renal transplantation, and two episodes of acute rejection were treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Surgical biopsy specimens of pelvic abscess detected by ultrasonogram and CT revealed aspergillus. With amphotericin b treatment, the patient is well with normalization of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein.
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9/104. Postmenopausal tubo-ovarian abscess due to pseudomonas aeruginosa in a renal transplant patient: a case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: pseudomonas aeruginosa is an uncommon cause of infection in the female genital tract. We report a case of postmenopausal tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) due to P. aeruginosa in a renal transplant recipient. The presentation included mild abdominal symptoms with rapid progression of peritonitis and surgical abscess drainage. This is the first such case in an organ transplant recipient described in the English literature. methods AND RESULTS: Published reports of 1040 cases of TOA were reviewed. The most common features were a history of sexually transmitted disease or pelvic inflammatory disease, and symptoms including abdominal pain and fever. escherichia coli, bacteroides spp., and klebsiella pneumoniae were the most frequently encountered pathogens. neisseria gonorrhoeae and chlamydia trachomatis, which are frequently isolated from cervical cultures, are uncommonly isolated from tubo-ovarian abscesses. Forty percent of patients were treated with antibiotics alone, 18.8% with abdominal surgery, and 32% with surgery and antimicrobial therapy. CONCLUSION: This report illustrates the muted presentation and atypical microbiology of gynecologic infection in an organ transplant recipient.
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10/104. Unilateral tubo-ovarian abscess and intrauterine contraceptive devices.

    The association of unilateral tubo-ovarian abscess and the presence or use of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) appears to be a definite clinical entity. Four cases of unilateral tubo-ovarian abscess in patients using the IUD are presented. Three patients had a Dalkon Shield IUD and one had a Lippes Loop. Two patients had unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy while the other 2 had total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The differential diagnosis, possible etiology, route and mode of infection, and management are discussed.
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