Cases reported "Ovarian Neoplasms"

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1/141. Bilateral granulosa cell tumor in a patient with blepharophimosis syndrome.

    blepharophimosis syndrome is a rare, autosominal, dominant ocular disorder and has been reported to be associated with ovarian dysfunction and premature menopause. We report a case of bilateral granulosa cell tumor associated with blepharophimosis syndrome. The combination of the long-term hypergonadotrophism and oocyte depletion associated with blepharophimosis syndrome may have contributed to the pathogenesis of the granulosa cell tumors. In female patients with blepharophimosis syndrome, close gynecologic surveillance should be instituted.
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keywords = gynecologic
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2/141. Cancer-associated retinopathy in a patient with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma.

    BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic phenomena, such as retinopathy, may herald an unsuspected gynecologic malignancy. CASE: A 75-year-old woman presented to a neuro-ophthalmologist with abrupt onset of unilateral visual loss. A diagnosis of branch retinal artery occlusion was made and she was treated with aspirin. An echocardiogram subsequently revealed atrial dilation and she was placed on coumadin therapy. Her vision worsened and a cancer-associated retinopathy was entertained. A serum cancer-associated retinopathy antibody was detected; subsequent computed tomographies of the abdomen and pelvis revealed findings consistent with a primary ovarian carcinoma. CONCLUSION: patients with unexplained ophthalmologic symptoms may harbor an underlying gynecologic cancer.
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keywords = gynecologic
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3/141. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of malignant fibrothecoma of the ovary.

    Fibrothecomas are common, but their malignant counterpart is extraordinarily rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the cytologic features of malignant fibrothecoma. We had an opportunity to study it because the 70-yr-old woman refused initial surgery until the tumor reached 22 cm in size and weighed 1, 500 gm. A CT-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy was obtained from a 5 cm left pelvic mass, which was the second recurrence within 5 yr. The smears showed large fragments of tightly packed, small, oval cells with scanty, eccentric blue cytoplasm (Diff-Quik stain), and finely granular chromatin with small central nucleoli (Ultrafast Papanicolaou stain), transected by delicate blood vessels. The tumor resembled well-differentiated carcinoma, low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, and other small oval cell gynecologic neoplasms. cytodiagnosis of nonepithelial ovarian neoplasms can be difficult. However, it is not impossible, especially for recurrent tumors with previously established histodiagnosis. Diagn. Cytopath. 21:284-286, 1999.
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keywords = gynecologic
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4/141. Anti-Yo positive paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration associated with ovarian carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.

    paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) is a rare nonmetastatic neurological complication in cancer patients. Anti-Yo is one of the anti-onconeural antibodies found in PCD patients. It is believed that anti-Yo occurs almost always in women and is most likely associated with gynecologic or breast cancers, although exceptions exist. Here we report a PCD patient with ovarian cancer having high-titer anti-Yo. The acute onset of her PCD symptoms mimicked that of a stroke. Her ovarian cancer tissue contained abundant plasma cells and lymphocytes. After a thorough review of the literature, we propose a schematic hypothesis for the autoimmune pathogenesis of PCD. Despite anecdotal case reports of neurological improvement with different combinations of treatment, including IVIg, there is still no definitely effective treatment for PCD. Further research on the pathogenesis of PCD may lead to more effective therapies.
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keywords = gynecologic
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5/141. Primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma.

    adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely encountered and is usually discovered at the pathology examination of the surgical specimen. adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare neoplasm and constitutes <0.5% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. There is no symptom of appendiceal cancer, and it is very difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Most female patients are diagnosed as having a gynecologic disease. Second primary synchronous and metachronous neoplasms, especially in the gastrointestinal tract, are found in up to 35% of patients with appendix adenocarcinoma. We report a case of adenocarcinoma in a 56-year-old woman misdiagnosed as having right ovarian carcinoma, and we review the literature.
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keywords = gynecologic
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6/141. dermatomyositis as a presenting symptom of ovarian cancer.

    BACKGROUND: Among gynecologic malignancies, the coexistence of ovarian cancer and dermatomyositis is most frequent. CASE: A 75-year-old woman presented with dermatomyositis, and a search for underlying malignancy found an otherwise asymptomatic ovarian carcinoma with para-aortic lymph node metastases. After resection and chemotherapy, the muscle weakness and skin lesions relating to dermatomyositis began to improve. CONCLUSION: dermatomyositis can be the only presenting symptom of ovarian cancer, so an evaluation for suspected underlying malignancy should be done.
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keywords = gynecologic
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7/141. Ovarian carcinoid: management of primary and recurrent tumors.

    We present a case of Stage I ovarian carcinoid tumor recurrent in the peritoneal cavity and review the pertinent literature concerning the management of this disease. Based on the data in the gynecologic and general surgery literature, it appears that primary complete cytoreductive surgery usually affords a high cure rate. Reexploration and attempt at complete resection of this slow-growing tumor appears to provide significant and prolonged palliation and is indicated for recurrent disease.
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keywords = gynecologic
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8/141. Ovarian cancer in female-to-male transsexuals: report of two cases.

    BACKGROUND: Ovarium cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer-related death in women and is the most common fatal gynecologic malignancy. So far, ovarium carcinoma has not been reported to have occurred in female-to-male transsexuals. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: We report on two such cases. Long-term exposure to increased levels of endogenous and exogenous androgens is hypothesized to constitute an additional risk factor in transsexuals as it has been associated with ovarian epithelian cancer. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous salpingo-oophorectomy should be performed in any female-to-male transsexual undergoing hysterectomy in the course of gender-confirming therapy.
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keywords = gynecologic
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9/141. A patient presenting with a pelvic mass, elevated CA-125, and fever.

    BACKGROUND: Tuberculous peritonitis is a rare event which can mimic advanced stage ovarian cancer. A pelvic mass and an elevated CA-125 is suggestive of an ovarian malignancy; however, benign conditions may be discovered, especially in the premenopausal patient. CASE: A patient with a pelvic mass, ascites, and an elevated CA-125 underwent an exploratory laparotomy for presumed ovarian cancer. Final pathology revealed pelvic tuberculosis without any pulmonary involvement. Acid-fast bacilli were confirmed with polymerase chain reaction in the surgical specimen. DISCUSSION: Pelvic tuberculosis is an uncommon gynecologic condition that presents with ascites, a pelvic mass, and fever. An elevated CA-125 is not specific for ovarian malignancy.
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keywords = gynecologic
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10/141. Intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor in a 68-year-old female.

    BACKGROUND: desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) of the peritoneum typically occurs in young adults. The mean age of females with DSRCT is 20 years. We describe a DSRCT with an unusual age of presentation mimicking a metastatic ovarian neoplasm. CASE: A 68-year-old para 4 female presented with abdominal enlargement. Laparatomy showed multiple tumor nodules attached to the peritoneal surface. The tumor was debulked. The histological findings were characteristic for DSRCT. Adjuvantly the patient received cytotoxic chemotherapy but died of recurrent disease 3 months after initial diagnosis. CONCLUSION: DSRCT should be added to the differential diagnosis of unusual gynecologic malignancies in elderly as well as younger females. Identification of DSRCT is important because it can be confused with primary ovarian neoplasms.
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keywords = gynecologic
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