Cases reported "Pain"

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1/18. Electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback in the comprehensive treatment of central pain and ataxic tremor following thalamic stroke.

    Peripheral pain and ataxic tremor can appear suddenly following thalamic stroke and can significantly alter a patient's psychological, social, and physical functioning. The present paper reports the case of a 70-year-old Caucasian female who sustained an acute left posterior cerebral artery infarction involving the thalamus and left mesiotemporal regions. She subsequently developed Central Poststroke Pain and ataxic movement of her right arm and hand in addition to a significant right-side claudication. She was treated over 16 weeks (6 weeks of EMG biofeedback and 10 weeks of psychotherapy) with a combination of EMG biofeedback, progressive muscle relaxation, behavioral pain coping skills training, Forced Use Therapy, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy 7 years after her initial cerebral accident. The case demonstrates the utility of biofeedback when combined as part of a comprehensive treatment program to address the multiple complications associated with thalamic stroke.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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2/18. Treating chronic-pain patients in psychotherapy.

    This article provides an overview of the breadth of issues a therapist may face in treating a person with chronic pain. Questions such as the relative contributions of biological and psychosocial influences on the patient's reported condition must be addressed. In addition, the counselor often must help the patient deal with psychopathology that occurs in reaction to the pain, which is likely to be contributing to it. Other financial, medical, and legal circumstances also may impinge on the therapeutic framework to limit or influence the course of treatment. Two examples of treatment lessons are offered, and a case example illustrates the lengthy and multidimensional course some treatments can take.
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ranking = 4
keywords = psychotherapy
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3/18. Building bridges between body and mind: The analysis of an adolescent with paralyzing chronic pain.

    This paper describes the evaluation, initial psychotherapy and subsequent psychoanalysis of an adolescent who presented with a severe psychosomatic process involving total body pain and profound fatigue. The author details the complex and multifaceted nature of the psychosomatic process as it unfolded in the treatment. The psychosomatic problem was not a single entity, but rather was comprised of diverse interwoven elements such as somatization, conversion on pre-oedipal and oedipal levels, conflicts over aggression, sexuality, identity, masochism, secondary gain, anaclitic depression, internalized self-other interactions with a depressed mother and transgenerational transmission of trauma. The author uses the case material to discuss technical approaches to problems that often arise in the analytic treatment of patients with complicated chronic pain and fatigue as the primary complaints. Such approaches include respecting the mind-body split as a primary defense, speaking the language of the body along with the language of the mind and developing the verbal sphere around the non-verbal symptoms. The author emphasizes that complicated chronic pain problems are common and can be helped by psychoanalysis as long as the unique and complex features are understood and reflected in the technical approach.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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4/18. Self-reports, spouse ratings, and psychophysiological assessment in a behavioral medicine program: an application of the five-factor model.

    This article describes the integration of the five-factor model into assessment procedures used with 109 patients in an outpatient behavioral medicine program. The population, program, assessment techniques, and general findings are explored. A case history involving a psychophysiological disorder is utilized to demonstrate the utility of a taxonomy of personality traits. The NEO-PI, a five-factor instrument, is integrated with other assessment techniques to assist in diagnosis, rapport building with the patient, tailoring treatment techniques and goals to the individual's intrapersonal and interpersonal dynamics, and predicting relative success and compliance with noninvasive self-regulation procedures and psychotherapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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5/18. Psychosomatic musculoskeletal pain in childhood: clinical and psychological analyses of 100 children.

    The clinical and psychological findings on 100 children with psychosomatic musculoskeletal pain seen at a major pediatric rheumatology referral center are reported. Most (76%) were female, median age was 13 years, and median duration of symptoms was 1 year. Multiple painful sites were common (66%). The pain was constant (63%) or intermittent (37%); 45% had hyperesthesia, and almost all maintained a cheerful affect when complaining of severe pain. Two predominant abnormal family milieu were seen. One was cohesive, stable, and organized, but intolerant of separation and individuation. The other was chaotic, emotionally unsupportive, with high levels of conflict. Members of the cohesive family type reported significantly less distress than members of chaotic families. Enmeshment between mother and child was common in both family types. Although frequently viewed as bright, most of these children had normal intelligence, and some had unrecognized academic difficulty. These children, compared with those with arthritis, had a significantly lower global well-being score. Clinical depression was unusual (11%). Most (97%) responded favorably to intensive physical and occupational therapy along with individual or family psychotherapy; 78% become symptom free or fully functional. Children with these signs and symptoms should have full psychological evaluations and respond well to treatment directed toward decreasing pain and restoring function.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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6/18. An abused psychotic preadolescent at risk for Huntington's disease.

    An abused 10-year-old girl with a family history of Huntington's disease developed incapacitating abdominal pain with concomitant behavioral symptomatology suggestive of dementia. The pseudoneurologic nature of her symptoms was clarified through exhaustive evaluation and did not appear to be that of early-onset Huntington's disease. Assessment included pediatric, psychiatric, neurologic, and gynecologic examination; extensive radiologic and laboratory tests; and chronobiology studies. Successful treatment necessitated the integration of numerous therapeutic modalities including dynamically oriented psychotherapy, psychopharmacologic intervention, physical therapy, behavior modification, and electroconvulsive therapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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7/18. Relief of diabetic neuropathy with fluoxetine.

    A 31-year-old woman with advanced diabetes mellitus with secondary autonomic and peripheral neuropathy was admitted for treatment of major depression. Previous therapy with desipramine resulted in exacerbation of the patient's orthostatic hypotension. After admission to the psychiatric facility she was initially stabilized medically and treated with psychotherapy. Subsequent treatment with low-dose fluoxetine 5 mg resulted in a decrease of the patient's diabetic neuropathy pain. Further increases in the fluoxetine dosage resulted in improvement of her depression and increased pain relief. Therapy with fluoxetine did not result in exacerbation of the orthostatic hypotension. This preliminary case report indicates that fluoxetine may be an alternative to the tricyclic antidepressants and trazodone in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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8/18. The role of imagery in the treatment of a patient with malignant melanoma.

    Feelings of hopelessness and apathy in critically ill patients can present significant obstacles to rational, logical solutions. forms of psychotherapy which are entirely verbal are often limited in their effectiveness to resolve such existential crisis. Other modes of therapy which employ imagery may be more effective. The patient's own imagery appears to have particular value as a vehicle for resolving impossible dilemmas which are experienced by patients facing imminent death.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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9/18. Medically induced drug addiction.

    Iatrogenic, or medically induced, drug addiction is a problem affecting both patients and physicians. We describe the function of a new center devoted solely to managing iatrogenic addiction. The center accepts patients on physician referral only. The addiction usually arises as a complication of a medical disorder that is accompanied by pain and requires comprehensive and multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment. Detoxification from the offending medication, provision of chronic analgesia, and maintenance are managed with methadone. All appropriate modalities of treatment including psychotherapy, physical therapy, and relaxation techniques are employed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
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10/18. The utility of electromyographic biofeedback in the treatment of conversion paralysis.

    Conversion paralysis has a poor prognosis when there is evidence of nonresponse to previous treatment, long duration, and secondary atrophy of the "paralyzed" muscles. The authors present four such cases in which conversion paralysis was treated successfully by means of electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback. Each of the four patients also suffered from a chronic pain condition. Results from statistical analyses indicated that the four patients demonstrated significant improvement in the functional capacity of the "paralyzed" muscles as measured by isometric maximum voluntary contraction and EMG activity. The improvements occurred without explicit psychotherapy and suggest that behavioral modification techniques alone may be helpful in such cases.
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ranking = 1
keywords = psychotherapy
(Clic here for more details about this article)
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