Cases reported "Pancreatic Cyst"

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1/85. A huge pancreatic cystic adenoma misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst.

    pancreatic cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst ultrasonographically has not yet been reported. We report an elderly woman with such a huge pancreatic cyst whose initial presentation was low abdominal pain. Ultrasound showed a hypoechoic cyst measuring 13.6 x 13.2 x 11.8 cm occupying pelvic cavity. She received laparotomy under the impression of ovarian cyst. Interestingly, the cyst was found to have originated from the pancreas. Total cyst excision was performed and pathologic report was pancreatic microadenoma. The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable.
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2/85. cyst fluid cytology and chemical features in a case of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: A rare and difficult preoperative diagnosis.

    Most pancreatic cysts (90%) are inflammatory pseudocysts. Approximately 10% of pancreatic cysts are neoplasms, including serous cystadenomas, and mucinous tumors, some of which are malignant. Analysis of pancreatic cyst fluid obtained by percutaneous or endoscopic fine-needle aspiration is increasingly being used for the preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic or peripancreatic cysts. However, cyst fluid chemical and cytologic features in less common types of pancreatic cysts have not been reported. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas is exceedingly rare, and only occasional individual reports have described cyst fluid findings. We report on a case of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas developing in a middle-aged man. cyst fluid aspirated under radiological guidance showed elevated levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), CA19-9, CA 125, and amylase, and a viscosity greater than that of serum. A cell block preparation of a fine-needle aspiration showed tissue fragments with a keratinized squamous lining and a lymphocytic infiltrate in the wall, and abundant background keratinous debris. The cytologic and biochemical findings in this case exhibit similarities to the findings reported in other reports, and may represent a recognizable pattern on cyst fluid analysis.
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3/85. Cytologic features of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: two preoperatively diagnosed cases based on fine-needle aspiration.

    We describe the cytologic features seen in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens from two cases of preoperatively diagnosed lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas. Pancreatic LEC is a rare, true cyst of uncertain histogenesis that may clinically and radiologically mimic a pseudocyst or cystic neoplasm. Both our patients were middle-aged men who presented with vague abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a mass in or around the pancreas, and CT-guided percutaneous FNA (patient 1) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided FNA (patient 2) yielded paste-like yellow-gray material. Cytologic smears showed numerous anucleated squamous cells in a background of keratinous and amorphous debris. A few benign nucleated squamous cells and plate-like cholesterol crystals were also seen. Unlike LEC of the head and neck region, only rare lymphocytes and histiocytes were present. Pancreatic LEC was diagnosed based on these cytologic findings and was histologically confirmed following cyst enucleation (patient 1) and partial pancreatectomy (patient 2). We conclude that preoperative FNA and recognition of the characteristic cytologic pattern will enable conservative surgical management of pancreatic LEC. Diagn. Cytopathol. 1999;21:346-350.
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4/85. Giant solid cystic tumor of the pancreas with a fibrous septum caused by extracapsular growth in middle-aged woman: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 57-year-old female who was admitted to our hospital for treatment of rectal carcinoma and incidentally found to have a giant cystic tumor, 20 cm in diameter, in the body and tail of the pancreas. Several imaging procedures, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, showed that this tumor was round and hypovascular, and had a septum with protuberant lesions. The capsule was 3-4 mm thick with partial calcification. A preoperative diagnosis of a solid cystic tumor (SCT) of the pancreas was made, even though these tumors are rarely found in females in their fifties. Moreover, few reports of SCT with a septum have been described. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed, and the tumor was found to be filled with massive necrotic tissue. Microscopically, the tumor was confirmed to be a SCT with a fibrous septum. We present this case due to the atypical findings, including the age of the patient and the existence of a septum caused by extracapsular growth.
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5/85. Pancreatic lesions in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome: the coexistence of metastatic tumors from renal cell carcinoma and multiple cysts.

    Multiple cysts and benign cystadenomas of the pancreas have been documented occasionally in von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (HLS); however, the malignant involvement of the pancreas in HLS is very rare. We report a case of HLS in which metastatic tumors from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) coexisted with multiple cysts in the pancreas. A 22-year-old woman with a history of HLS had undergone a partial resection of the left kidney for RCC 3 years earlier, at which time a solid mass in the pancreatic tail and multiple pancreatic cysts were also incidentally detected by computed tomography. Over the following 3 years, the mass enlarged slightly, thus raising suspicions that it might be a primary neoplasm of the pancreas. She was referred to the Department of Surgery and Surgical Basic science to undergo surgery. In addition to the tumor in the pancreatic tail, however, further tumors in the pancreatic head were also disclosed by preoperative celiac arteriography and intraoperative palpation and ultrasonography. A distal pancreatectomy was performed, because the enucleation of all the tumors in the pancreatic head was technically impossible and because the patient declined a total pancreatectomy. A histologic examination of the mass in the pancreatic tail revealed metastatic RCC. This case emphasizes that metastatic disease should be included in the differential diagnosis when evaluating the pancreas in a patient with HLS.
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6/85. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas with sebaceous differentiation.

    We recently encountered a patient with a lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas with sebaceous differentiation. We sought to compare the characteristics of this patient with those previously reported in order to foster a keener understanding of this rare clinical entity. After reviewing the present patient's case in detail, we conducted a comprehensive review of the English-language literature and analyzed the clinical characteristics of reported cases of lymphoepithelial cysts. Our patient was an asymptomatic 60-year-old man who presented with an incidental finding of a cystic lesion in the tail of the pancreas documented by computed tomography. The cyst was enucleated, and was found to contain keratinized material. It was lined by squamous epithelium with small sebaceous glands, and surrounded by lymphoid tissue with germinal centers. Of 33 reported cases, only 6 (18%) contained sebaceous glands. In all patients who underwent operation, the cysts were easily resected, and the outcome was favorable. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas is rare, and may be difficult to differentiate from cystic neoplasms preoperatively. Therefore resection is indicated. The diagnosis, however, can be confirmed by careful histologic review, and the prognosis is excellent.
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7/85. Nonfunctioning endocrine tumor of the pancreas with extrapancreatic growth and cyst formation: report of a case.

    We report a case of nonfunctioning endocrine tumor of the pancreas with extrapancreatic growth and cyst formation. A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with an upper abdominal mass, which was detected during a routine medical checkup. The preoperative diagnosis was a solid cystic tumor of the pancreas. The tumor, which measured about 7cm in diameter, arose from the head of the pancreas and had a thin stalk, measuring about 1 cm in diameter. The histopathological diagnosis was a malignant nonfunctioning endocrine tumor of the pancreas. Cyst formation occurred in 67% of the reported cases with extrapancreatic growth in japan. It is speculated that the cyst formation in this disease is related to the large size of the tumor and to the extrapancreatic growth.
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8/85. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: report of a case.

    An extremely rare case of a lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas is described herein. A pancreatic cystic tumor was initially detected in a 50-year-old man at a medical checkup. On admission, his serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 level was 8100 U/ml and a computed tomography scan revealed a well-circumscribed multilocular cystic tumor in the pancreatic head and body. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed no communication between the pancreatic ducts and the tumor. A distal pancreatectomy with lymph node dissection was performed because the lesion was suspected to be a mucinous cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma of the pancreas. However, histological examination revealed that the cyst was lined by stratified squamous epithelium and surrounded by lymphoid tissue. thereby confirming the diagnosis of LEC of the pancreas. The superficial layer of squamous epithelium and the cystic contents were found to be immunohistologically positive for CA19-9. Establishing a preoperative diagnosis of LEC is quite difficult because it resembles other cystic neoplasms of the pancreas in radiographic features and is frequently associated with an elevation of serum tumor markers such as CA19-9.
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9/85. Neurogenic tumors of the digestive tract: report of two cases.

    We report two female patients with neurogenic tumors of the digestive tract. In the first patient, the tumor of 10 cm diameter originated in the stomach and at preoperative CT imitated a peripancreatic cyst. In the second patient, the tumor of 6 cm diameter originated in the duodenum. Despite large size, the tumors were clinically indolent and escaped detection at routine endoscopic evaluation. In both cases the neoplasm was removed and postoperative histopathology combined with immunohistochemistry was consistent with diagnosis of digestive Schwannoma.
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10/85. Identification of an infected pseudocyst of the pancreas with 67Ga-citrate: case report.

    A case in which the preoperative diagnosis of an infected pseudocyst of the pancreas was made by 67Ga-citrate scanning is reported. Other approaches to the diagnosis of pancreatic pseudocysts are reviewed.
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