Cases reported "pancreatic cyst"

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1/442. Pancreatic hydatid cyst.

    A patient with primary hydatid cyst involving the tail of the pancreas and treated successfully by distal pancreatectomy is reported. Additionally, we performed splenectomy because the spleen was lifted on to the cyst, and cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis. ( info)

2/442. A huge pancreatic cystic adenoma misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst.

    pancreatic cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst ultrasonographically has not yet been reported. We report an elderly woman with such a huge pancreatic cyst whose initial presentation was low abdominal pain. Ultrasound showed a hypoechoic cyst measuring 13.6 x 13.2 x 11.8 cm occupying pelvic cavity. She received laparotomy under the impression of ovarian cyst. Interestingly, the cyst was found to have originated from the pancreas. Total cyst excision was performed and pathologic report was pancreatic microadenoma. The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable. ( info)

3/442. Primary pancreatic hydatid disease in a child: case report and review of the literature.

    A 9-year-old boy was admitted with acute abdomen, and a cystic mass in the pancreas was coincidentally detected by ultrasonography. Definitive diagnosis of hydatid disease of the pancreas could be made only at operation, and surgical therapy was effective. ( info)

4/442. Cystic lymphoepithelial lesions of the pancreas and peripancreatic region: report of two cases.

    Two cases of an extremely rare cystic lymphoepithelial lesion of a lymph node associated with the pancreas are presented herein. The first patient was a 57-year-old woman with a serous cystoadenoma who underwent resection of the body and tail of pancreas, and the other patient was a 75-year-old woman with cancer of the papilla of Vater who underwent pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. Both lesions were incidentally found during pathologic examination of lymph nodes from the peripancreatic region. Histologically, there were many scattered nests of the lymphoepithelial lesion in the lymphoid stroma, each of which was lined with stratified squamous epithelium. The pathological structure was found to resemble the lymphoepithelial lesion of the pancreas. Although the histogenesis is unknown, we hypothesize that the lesion might have arisen from squamous metaplasia of a benign epithelial inclusion such as the pancreatic duct of an ectopic pancreas in a peripancreatic lymph node. Therefore, a cystic lesion formed as a result of keratinization of the squamous epithelium with invasion into the pancreas could become a lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas. ( info)

5/442. Lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas: cytomorphology and differential diagnosis on fine-needle aspiration (FNA).

    Lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas is an extremely rare benign entity. We describe the cytopathologic findings of such a lesion in a 49-yr-old woman who was examined for epigastric pain. A trans-esophageal ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of a pancreatic mass disclosed an intimate mixture of squamous epithelial cells and small, mature lymphocytes in a background of keratinaceous debris, anucleate squames, and multinucleated histiocytes. On histopathologic examination, a subsequent resection showed a multiloculated cystic lesion with a stratified squamous epithelial lining surrounded by well-formed lymphoid tissue, suggestive of LEC. The differential diagnosis includes other pancreatic pseudocysts, dermoid cyst, mucinous cystic neoplasms, adenosquamous carcinoma, and metastatic squamous cell carcinoma. ( info)

6/442. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas. No evidence for Epstein-Barr virus-related pathogenesis.

    Compared to pseudocyst formation after prior pancreatitis, true cysts of the pancreas are rare. Pancreatic cysts with irregular wall components or a mucinous content raise the suspicion for the presence of a cystic neoplasm, and surgical resection is recommended. A case of a patient with a history of prostate cancer is described in whom a cyst of the pancreatic tail was discovered incidentally. Based on the radiographic features, which did not support the presence of a serous cystadenoma, a spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy was performed. Histologic features were characteristic for a lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas, lined with thinned squamous epithelium surrounded by benign lymphoid tissue. Since LECs of the parotid gland, which are associated with acquired human immunodeficiency, are frequently related to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, EBV in situ hybridization was performed and did not reveal evidence for EBV. Twenty-eight instances of pancreatic LECs have been reported, primarily affecting adult males, without evidence of increased numbers of EBV-positive cells. The pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and clinical implications of lymphoepithelial pancreatic cysts are discussed. ( info)

7/442. Congenital true pancreatic cyst: presentation and management.

    Congenital true pancreatic cyst is a very rare cause of a cystic lesion of the pancreas comprising less than 1% of all pancreatic cysts. Most of these are reported in children less than 2 years of age. Described here is a case of congenital true pancreatic cyst in a 6 years old girl with the clinical, radiological and pathological details and the surgical treatment. ( info)

8/442. cyst fluid cytology and chemical features in a case of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: A rare and difficult preoperative diagnosis.

    Most pancreatic cysts (90%) are inflammatory pseudocysts. Approximately 10% of pancreatic cysts are neoplasms, including serous cystadenomas, and mucinous tumors, some of which are malignant. Analysis of pancreatic cyst fluid obtained by percutaneous or endoscopic fine-needle aspiration is increasingly being used for the preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic or peripancreatic cysts. However, cyst fluid chemical and cytologic features in less common types of pancreatic cysts have not been reported. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas is exceedingly rare, and only occasional individual reports have described cyst fluid findings. We report on a case of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas developing in a middle-aged man. cyst fluid aspirated under radiological guidance showed elevated levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), CA19-9, CA 125, and amylase, and a viscosity greater than that of serum. A cell block preparation of a fine-needle aspiration showed tissue fragments with a keratinized squamous lining and a lymphocytic infiltrate in the wall, and abundant background keratinous debris. The cytologic and biochemical findings in this case exhibit similarities to the findings reported in other reports, and may represent a recognizable pattern on cyst fluid analysis. ( info)

9/442. Cytologic features of lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas: two preoperatively diagnosed cases based on fine-needle aspiration.

    We describe the cytologic features seen in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens from two cases of preoperatively diagnosed lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) of the pancreas. Pancreatic LEC is a rare, true cyst of uncertain histogenesis that may clinically and radiologically mimic a pseudocyst or cystic neoplasm. Both our patients were middle-aged men who presented with vague abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed a mass in or around the pancreas, and CT-guided percutaneous FNA (patient 1) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided FNA (patient 2) yielded paste-like yellow-gray material. Cytologic smears showed numerous anucleated squamous cells in a background of keratinous and amorphous debris. A few benign nucleated squamous cells and plate-like cholesterol crystals were also seen. Unlike LEC of the head and neck region, only rare lymphocytes and histiocytes were present. Pancreatic LEC was diagnosed based on these cytologic findings and was histologically confirmed following cyst enucleation (patient 1) and partial pancreatectomy (patient 2). We conclude that preoperative FNA and recognition of the characteristic cytologic pattern will enable conservative surgical management of pancreatic LEC. Diagn. Cytopathol. 1999;21:346-350. ( info)

10/442. Giant solid cystic tumor of the pancreas with a fibrous septum caused by extracapsular growth in middle-aged woman: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 57-year-old female who was admitted to our hospital for treatment of rectal carcinoma and incidentally found to have a giant cystic tumor, 20 cm in diameter, in the body and tail of the pancreas. Several imaging procedures, including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, showed that this tumor was round and hypovascular, and had a septum with protuberant lesions. The capsule was 3-4 mm thick with partial calcification. A preoperative diagnosis of a solid cystic tumor (SCT) of the pancreas was made, even though these tumors are rarely found in females in their fifties. Moreover, few reports of SCT with a septum have been described. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy were performed, and the tumor was found to be filled with massive necrotic tissue. Microscopically, the tumor was confirmed to be a SCT with a fibrous septum. We present this case due to the atypical findings, including the age of the patient and the existence of a septum caused by extracapsular growth. ( info)
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